Category Archives: Slavery

Damside Street, Lancaster, Lancashire, England

Memorial sculpture in Damside Street, Lancaster, Lancashire  commemorating victims of the slave trade

Location

Damside Street, Lancaster, Lancashire, England

Transcript

'Captured Africans / Ships Master depart Africans / 'Expedition' Strangeways, James 1745 188 / 'Jolly Batchelor' Hinde, Thomas 1749 154 / 'Africa' Hinde, Thomas 1752 170 / 'Barlborough' Millerson, Richard 1754 140 / 'Lancaster' Paley, Thomas 1756 90 / 'Castleton' Tindall, Henry 1756 120 [?] / 'Gambia' Dodson, Robert 1756 180 / 'Cato' Millerson, Richard 1756 360 / 'Thetis' Preston, John 1759 212 / 'Molly' Denison, William 1760 228 / 'Marquis of Danby' Dodson, Robert 1762 240 / 'Eagle' Millerson, Richard 1762 270 / 'Norfolk' Nunnes, Isaac 1763 202 / 'King Tom' Read, John 1764 230 / 'Antelope' Paley, Thomas 1764 150 / 'Phoebe' Macky 1764 296 / 'Prince George' Addison, John 1766 160 / 'Stanley' Abson, John 1773 160 / 'Nelly' Maychell, James 1774 250 / 'Sally' Sawrey, James 1775 153 / 'Old England' Garnet, John 1783 181 / 'Johns' Nunns, John 1806 280' '.

Details

Description: Peakamoor stone in the shape of a ships bow with decks made out of clear acrylic with the words ‘wealth', 'rum', 'mahogany', 'cotton', 'sugar' and 'slaves' written on them. The top with inlaid coins, the bottom with the plan of the slave ship 'Brookes'. The acrylic blocks attached by steel bars to a stone slab and steel plate with the details of twenty Lancaster voyages detailing captains, names of ships, number of slaves embarked. This on a plinth with an inlaid mosaic of the Atlantic Triangular Trade that has on it, moulded figures of slaves.
Type: Sculpture
Position: Near the quay
Materials: stone, acrylic, steel with brass figures
Date Erected: 2005
Artists: Kevin Dalton Johnson
Vessel: Brookes

Extra

Notes: This memorial to the victims of the slave trade was erected in 2005, under the aegis of the Slave Trade Arts Memorial Project - the first memorial to victims of the slave trade at a British port site.
Photographer: B. Tominson

St Andrew's Church, Rochford, Essex, England

Wall tablet in St Andrew’s Church, Rochford, dedicated to Commander John Lodwick RN d. 1845

Location

St Andrew's Church, Rochford, Essex, England

Transcript

'IN MEMORY OF / JOHN LODWICK, ESQRE / COMMANDER R.N. / ELDEST SON OF / JOHN LODWICK, ESQRE OF ROCHFORD HALL, / AND ANN, HIS WIFE. / HE SERVED HIS COUNTRY WITH DISTINCTION, IN EVERY QUARTER OF THE WORLD, / FOR A PERIOD OF TWENTY YEARS, / AND WAS PROMOTED FOR HIS GALLANTRY / IN AN ENCOUNTER WITH A SLAVE SHIP, / ON THE 12TH JANUARY 1845, / WHEN HE WAS DANGEROUSLY WOUNDED / SHORTLY AFTERWARDS HE FELL A VICTIM / TO THE PESTILENTIAL FEVER / OF THE COAST OF AFRICA, / AND DIED MAY 13TH 1845, / AGED 35 YEARS. / THIS TABLET WAS ERECTED BY A FEW OF HIS FRIENDS, / TO MARK THEIR ADMIRATION AND RESPECT / FOR HIS GALLANT AND TRULY ESTIMABLE CHARACTER'

Details

Type: Wall tablet
Position: Nave south aisle south wall
Materials: Stone, marble

People

Lodwick, John
Age:
Date of Death: 13/5/1845
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation: Commander RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Recorder: The Arts Society (NADFAS)

All Saints Church, Selworthy, Somerset, England

Wall tablet in All Saints Church, Selworthy, Somerset commemorating Commander Charles Acland, RN d. 1828

Location

All Saints Church, Selworthy, Somerset, England

Transcript

[Bottom of sarcophagus plinth] 'CHARLES RICHARD DYKE ACLAND / THIRD SON OF SIR THOMAS DYKE ACLAND, BART. / DIED AT THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE APRIL 23, 1828, / COMMANDER OF H.M.S. HELICON / IN THE THIRTY-FIFTH YEAR OF HIS AGE' [Inscription plate] 'THE BATTLE'S RAGE O'ERWHELMED THEE NOT, NOR OCEANS STORMY WAVE / THOUGH KINDRED TEARS MAY NOT BEDEW THY DISTANT EARTHLY GRAVE; / IN DELAGOA'S FATAL BAY THE FEVER'S BURNING ZONE / TO SAVE THE CAPTIVE'S LIFE FROM BONDS THOU FREELY GAV'ST THINE OWN. / OH NURTUR'D IN THIS QUIET VALE IN JUSTICE, MERCY, TRUTH / HOW WELL THINE AFTER YEARS REDEEMED, THE PROMISE OF THY YOUTH / WITH RECTITUDE OF PURPOSE BLEST, FAITH SIMPLE AND SINCERE, / THE KINDNESS OF A MANLY HEART, THE STRENGTH OF GODLY FEAR / SON, BROTHER, HUSBAND, BEST BELOV'D WE MOURN THEE NOT UNBLEST; / DEAR IS THE HOPE THAT THOU HAST GAIN'D THE HAVEN OF THY REST; / THEIR STEADFAST LOVE WHO WALK IN FAITH NOR DEATH NOR TIME DESTROY, / AND THEY WHO SOW TO GOD IN TEARS, SHALL SURELY REAP IN JOY'

Details

Description: Sarcophagus draped in Union Flag. Rounded pediment with scrolls on the ends.
Type: Wall tablet
Materials: Marble
Artists: Francis Legatt Chantrey
Vessel: HMS Helicon

People

Acland, Charles Richard Dyke
Age: 34
Date of Death: 23/4/1828
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation: Commander RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: 'Nov 8 1830. Recd. an order from Sir Thomas Acland Bart. and his sister to execute a draped Sarcophagus in memory of Her husband. A Mariner's Sextant to be cut below and the drapery to imitate the British Flag. Price about £200.' Acland died of blackwater fever while on anti-slavery duties.

Bibliography: Alison Yarrington, Ilene D. Lieberman, Alex Potts and Malcolm Baker 'An Edition of the Ledger of Sir Francis Chantrey R.A...', 'The Fifty Sixth Volume of the Walpole Society' p. 262 (1991-1992); Anne Acland 'A Devon Family' (Chichester, 1981).

Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England

Memorial in Westminster Abbey, London commemorating William Wragg d. 1777

Location

Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England

Transcript

'SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF WILLIAM WRAGG ESQ OF SOUTH CAROLINA WHO WHEN THE / AMERICAN COLONIES REVOLTED FROM GREAT BRITAIN INFLEXIBLY MAINTAIN'D HIS / LOYALTY TO THE PERSON AND GOVERNMENT OF HIS SOVEREIGN AND WAS THEREFORE / COMPELL'D TO LEAVE HIS DISTREST FAMILY AND AMPLE FORTUNE, IN HIS PASSAGE / TO ENGLAND BY THE WAY OF AMSTERDAM HE WAS UNFORTUNATELY SHIPWRECK'D / AND DROWNED ON THE COAST OF HOLLAND THE 3D DAY OF SEPTEMBER 1777 / IN HIS STRONG NATURAL PARTS AND LOVE OF JUSTICE AND HUMANITY / IMPROVED BY EDUCATION FORMED THE VALUABLE CHARACTER OF A GOOD MAN / AND LEFT THOSE WHO HAVE SURVIVED HIM TO DEPLORE THE LOSS OF A MOST / TENDER HUSBAND, AFFECTIONATE PARENT, KIND MASTER, AND WARM FRIEND. / HIS SORROWING AFFLICTED SISTER IN ENGLAND CAUSED THIS MONUMENT / TO BE ERECTED 1779'

Details

Description: Above the inscription, a sarcophagus on dolphin feet in relief carved with a scene of a shipwreck, the Dutch coast in the background. A mourning female figure in classical dress to one side of it. A scallop shell flanked by dolphins in the pediment of the sarcophagus. Wragg is shown at the stern of the ship. Tom Skene, Wragg's slave, is shown rescuing Wragg's son in the foreground. Both survivors cling to a piece of wreckage.
Type: Monument
Position: South choir aisle
Materials: Marble
Artists: Richard Hayward

Event Category

1775-1783 American Revolutionary War

People

Wragg, William
Age: 63
Date of Death: 3/9/1777
Cause of Death: Vessel Loss
Rank / Occupation: Passenger
Organisation: Unknown

Extra

Notes: Skene was freed by the boy's mother and given land near the Wragg family plantation.

Bibliography: Holgar Hoock 'Empires of the Imagination' pp.76-78.
Recorder: A.J. Richardson 1980

Cathedral, Gibraltar, Rest of the World

Wall tablet in Gibraltar Cathedral commemorating members of the Frankland family including Frederick Roger Frankland RN d. 1844 and Harry Albert Frankland RN d. 1847

Location

Cathedral, Gibraltar, Rest of the World

Transcript

'Sacred to the Memory / of/ FREDERICK ROGER FRANKLAND, / Midshipman HMS Winchester, / who died of fever at Sierra Leone / 23rd Jany 1844 Aged 20 Years. / THOMAS FRANKLAND / Lieut, 48th Regt Madras NI / and second in command 2nd Punjaub regt. / killed in action with the Sepoy rebels / whilst leading an assault at the Relief of Lucknow, / 17th Novr. 1857 Aged 29 Years / HARRY ALBERT FRANKLAND, / Midshipman HMS Alarm, who died of Fever off Vera Cruz / 9th May 1847 Aged 17 Years. / The beloved Sons of / Sir FREDERICK Wm FRANKLAND, Baronet, / of Thirkleby Co. York / Late Capt in 20th Regt. of Foot / and 14 years Barrack Master in this Fortress. / Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord, / for they rest from their labours Rev: xiv.13'

Details

Type: Wall tablet
Position: Interior
Vessel: 'Winchester', 'Alarm'

People

Frankland, Frederick Roger
Age: 20
Date of Death: 23/1/1844
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation: Midshipman RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Frankland, Harry Albert
Age: 17
Date of Death: 9/5/1847
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation: Midshipman RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Church of St Mary of Charity, Faversham, Kent, England

Gravestone at the Church of St Mary of Charity, Faversham, Kent commemorating Michael Greenwood, d.1812.

Location

Church of St Mary of Charity, Faversham, Kent, England

Transcript

‘To / the MEMORY of / MICHAEL GREENWOOD / who died the 9th of / January 1812 / aged 80 YEARS. / November the 29th 1758 / In the 'LITCHFIELD' I was wreck’d / Upon the BARB'RY shore. / And sev'nteen months in slavr’y / I toil'd with many more.'

Details

Type: Gravestone
Position: Churchyard
Vessel: HMS ‘Lichfield'

People

Greenwood, Michael
Age: 80
Date of Death: 9/1/1812
Cause of Death: Unknown
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: Wrecked in HMS 'Lichfield' in Morocco in 1758 and enslaved. Inscription on the headstone has been recently recut.


Bibliography: David Saunders 'Maritime Memorials & Mementoes' (Yeovil, 1996) p. 47.

All Saints Church, Selworthy, Somerset, England

Memorial at Selworthy to Charles Baldwyn Dyke Acland RN who died of fever during anti-slave trade operations in 1837.

Location

All Saints Church, Selworthy, Somerset, England

Transcript

'CHARLES BALDWYN DYKE ACLAND, / THIRD SON OF SIR THOMAS AND LADY ACLAND, WAS BORN NOVEMBER 1ST, 1812; / ENTERED THE NAVAL SERVICE IN THE FOURTEENTH YEAR OF HIS AGE ON BOARD / OF H.M.S. HELICON, UNDER THE COMMAND OF HIS UNCLE, CAPTAIN CHARLES ACLAND; / LIKE HIM IN THE CAUSE OF HUMANITY FEARLESSLY EXPOSED HIS LIFE TO THE / DEADLY INFLUENCE OF AFRICAN FEVER; AND SO DIED / FULL OF FAITH AND / HOPE; AND DEVOUT AFFECTION, MAY 10TH, 1837, OFF THE BIGHT OF BENIN, AND / WAS BURIED IN THE ISLAND OF ASCENSION, THIS AFFLICTION WAS MADE KNOWN / TO HIS PARENTS ON THE 17TH DAY OF JULY FOLLOWING / AND ON THE 31ST DAY / OF THE SAME MONTH, IT PLEASED GOD TO REMOVE FROM THE BOSOM OF THEIR/FAMILY, IN THE TENTH YEAR OF HIS LIFE / DUDLEY REGINALD PIKE ACLAND / A GOOD LITTLE BOY, EARLY RIPENED FOR HEAVEN, BY THE MERCY OF HIM, / WHO WOULD HAVE LITTLE CHILDREN TO COME UNTO HIM; / "AND HE TOOK THEM", AND "BLESSED THEM" / THE LORD GAVE, THE LORD HATH TAKEN AWAY. BLESSED BE THE NAME OF THE LORD.'

Details

Description: Draped sarcophagus with two relief portraits. On plinth of sarcophagus a hymn book and sextant.
Type: Wall monument
Materials: Marble
Artists: Francis Legatt Chantrey
Vessel: HMS Helicon; HMS Scout

People

Acland, Charles Baldwin Dyke
Age:
Date of Death: 10/5/1837
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: '1837 Received from Sir Thomas Acland Bart. an order for a draped sarcophagus, large size in memory of Two of his sons, to be a companion to that executed in remembrance of his brother Capt Acland, with two profiles price 200 gns.' Acland died of fever during anti-slavery operations. Charles Baldwin Dyke Acland was commander of HMS 'Scout' at the time of his death.'
Bibliography: Alison Yarrington, Ilene D. Lieberman, Alex Potts and Malcolm Baker 'An Edition of the Ledger of Sir Francis Chantrey R.A...' , 'The Fifty Sixth Volume of the Walpole Society' p. 316 (1991-1992).

Kensal Green Cemetery, Kensal Green, London, England

Memorial at Kensal Green Cemetery, London commemorating Rear-Admiral Henry Dundas Trotter d.1859

Location

Kensal Green Cemetery, Kensal Green, London, England

Transcript

'IN MEMORY OF / HENRY DUNDAS TROTTER / REAR ADMIRAL IN THE ROYAL NAVY / LATE COMMANDER IN CHIEF ON THE / CAPE OF GOOD HOPE STATION / WHO DIED 14th JULY 1859, AGED 56 / IN 1841 HE COMMANDED THE NIGER EXHIBITION / UNDER TAKEN BY HM GOVERNMENT / WITH THE VIEW OF SUPPRESSING THE SLAVE TRADE / BY INTRODUCING LAWFUL COMMERCE AND THE BLESSINGS / OF THE GOSPEL INTO THE INTERIOR OF AFRICA / WHETHER IN ACTIVE SERVICE / OR UNEMPLOYED IN HIS / PROFESSION, HE DEVOTED HIS TALENTS AND ENERGY TO / PROMOTE THE GLORY OF GOD AND THE WELFARE OF MAN / ESPECIALLY IN THE CHRISTIAN CIVILISATION/ OF AFRICA, AND THE MORAL AND RELIGIOUS / IMPROVEMENTS OF THE BRITISH SEAMEN / THE MEMORY OF THE JUST IS BLESSED'

Details

Description: Low monument with flat top.
Type: Monument
Position: 15364/87/RS
Materials: Red Peterhead granite

People

Trotter, Henry Dundas
Age:
Date of Death: 14/7/1859
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Rear Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: 'Dictionary of National Biography'.
Recorder: Lucy Saint, Eleanor Baugh

St Peter's Parish Church, Liverpool, England

Memorial at St Peter’s Parish Church, Liverpool commemorating Captain Daniel Wilcox d. 1789

Location

St Peter's Parish Church, Liverpool, England

Transcript

'Captain Daniel Wilcox died 4th June 1789 aged 59'

Details

People

Wilcox, Daniel
Age: 59
Date of Death: 4/6/1789
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: From a MS in Liverpool Record Office. Compiled by James Gibson d. 1886, vol.1, p. 379. An officer of this name commanded slave ships 'Austin' 1772, 'Aston' 1772, 'Marcia' 1774, 'Hero' 1780, 'Europe' 1785.
Recorder: Captain J. P. Brand

Sea front, Southsea, Portsmouth, England

Memorial at Southsea, Portsmouth commemorating the officers and men of HMS ‘Trident’ who died of yellow fever at Sierra Leone in 1859

Location

Sea front, Southsea, Portsmouth, England

Transcript

'TO THE MEMORY OF / FORTY NINE OFFICERS AND MEN / OF HMS TRIDENT / WHO DIED OF YELLOW FEVER IN THE / SHORT SPACE OF SIX WEEKS / DURING THE UNUSUAL EPIDEMIC / AT SIERRA LEONE / [Left] '1859' / 'ERECTED BY F.A. CLOSE / AND THE SURVIVING OFFICERS' / [Right] 'AFRICA' / [Back] 'RE-ERECTED BY ADMIRAL CLOSE 1877'

Details

Description: Obelisk
Type: Free standing monument
Position: Beach
Materials: Granite
Vessel: HMS Tribune

Extra

Notes: Photo by N Gordon on file.