Category Archives: Slavery

Grave Island Cemetery, Chapwani Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania, Rest of the World

Memorial at Grave Island Cemetery, Chapwani Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania commemorating William Mitchell, RN, d. 1868-1870

Location

Grave Island Cemetery, Chapwani Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania, Rest of the World

Transcript

‘Sacred / to the memory / of / William Mitchell / A.B. late of H.M.S. 'Nym[ph]’ / who was killed in cutting out an / Arab slave dhow at Zanzibar / on 11th April... / aged 25 years / This stone is erected by his / brother shipmates as a token / of their respect and esteem'

Details

Description: 'Nymph' on this station between 1868-70.
Type: Gravestone
Vessel: HMS Nymph

People

Mitchell, William
Age: 25
Date of Death: 1868-1870
Cause of Death: War casualty
Rank / Occupation: Able Seaman
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

St James's Church, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, England

Memorial at St James’s Church, Toxteth Park commemorating Captain Thomas Phillips d. 1808

Location

St James's Church, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, England

Transcript

'Captain Thomas Phillips, died 24th December 1808 age 57'

Details

People

Phillips, Thomas
Age: 57
Date of Death: 24/12/1808
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: From a MS in Liverpool Record Office. Compiled by James Gibson d. 1886, vol. 3. p. 297. An officer of this name took part in slaving voyages in 'Perseverance' 1794, 'Maria' 1798, 'Laurel' 1804, 'Huntingdon' 1799, 'Dasher' 1800, 'Laurel' 1804, 'Ranger' 1803.
Recorder: Captain J. P. Brand

St Mary's Church, Wareham, Dorset, England

Monument in St Mary’s Church, Wareham, Dorset, commemorating Lieutenant Robert Card RN d. 1826

Location

St Mary's Church, Wareham, Dorset, England

Transcript

'SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF / ROBERT CARD / LATE IN HIS MAJESTY'S NAVY, AND OF THIS TOWN / ZEALOUS AND BRAVE IN DISCHARGING HIS DUTY / TO HIS KING AND COUNTRY / AFTER CONSTANT EMPLOYMENT DURING THE WAR / FROM HIS EARLIEST YEARS / HE WAS APPOINTED FIRST LIEUTENANT OF THE REDWING / STATIONED TO PROMOTE / THE ABOLITION OF THE SLAVE TRADE / AND DIED OF A MALIGNANT FEVER / OFF WHYDAH ON THE COAST OF GUINEA / THE 16TH MARCH 1826 AGED 32 YEARS. / HIS AMIABLE QUALITIES ENDEARED HIS TO ALL HIS / ASSOCIATES, WHO WITH HIS BELOVED RELATIONS / WILL LONG MOURN THEIR LOSS'

Details

Description: Carved with a draped urn.
Type: Monument
Position: North wall
Materials: Marble
Vessel: HMS Redwing

People

Card, Robert
Age: 32
Date of Death: 16/3/1826
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: J.D. Spinney 'Some Naval Memorials in Dorset', 'Mariner's Mirror' vol. 73, p. 194 (Greenwich,1987).

St James's Church, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, England

Memorial at St James’s Church, Toxteth Park, Liverpool commemorating Captain William Cartmell d. 1797

Location

St James's Church, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, England

Transcript

'Captain William Cartmell died 8th. March 1797 age 41'

Details

People

Cartmell, William
Age: 41
Date of Death: 8/3/1797
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: From a MS in Liverpool Record Office. Compiled by James Gibson d. 1886, vol. 3, p.155. An officer of this name commanded slave ships 'Mary' in 1794 and 'Onslow' in 1796.
Recorder: Captain J. P. Brand

Grave Island Cemetery, Chapwani Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania, Rest of the World

Memorial at Grave Island Cemetery, Chapwani Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania commemorating John May, RN d. 1892

Location

Grave Island Cemetery, Chapwani Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania, Rest of the World

Transcript

'John T. May E.R.A. / H.M.S. Philomel / died / 6th May 1892'

Details

Type: Gravestone
Vessel: HMS Philomel

People

May, John T.
Age: Unknown
Date of Death: 6/5/1892
Cause of Death: Unknown
Rank / Occupation: Engine Room Artificer
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Died whilst HMS 'Philomel' conducting anti-slavery patrols.

Haslar Cemetery, Gosport, Hampshire, England

Memorial in Haslar Cemetery, Gosport, Hampshire, commemorating those men of HMS ‘Archer’ who died of fever during her commission on the West Coast of Africa 1864-6

Location

Haslar Cemetery, Gosport, Hampshire, England

Details

Description: Carved with an anchor round which is entwined a cross made of rope twist, on a plinth.
Type: Memorial
Position: Opposite entrance
Materials: Portland stone
Vessel: HMS Archer

Extra

Notes: Commemorates those who died of fever during the commission on the West Coast of Africa 1864/66 in prevention of slave traffic.

Church of St Mary Magdalene, Littleton, Surrey, England

Wall tablet in the Church of St Mary Magdalene, Littleton commemorating Commander Sir Hamilton Pym Freer-Smith RN d. 1929

Location

Church of St Mary Magdalene, Littleton, Surrey, England

Transcript

'IN LOVING MEMORY OF / COMMANDER SIR H P FREER-SMITH / R.N., C.S.I. SERVED IN H.M.S. MERSEY / OCCUPATION OF VERA CRUZ 1861, / IN H.M.S. PERSEUS AT BOMBARDMENT OF KAGOSIMA (JAPAN) 1863 & SIMOSEKI 1864 / ON HMS DAPHNE 1871-1873. HOME OFFICE 1875-1913 DIED 5 FEB 1929 AGED 83'

Details

Description: The tablet has a border of knots inlaid in blue mosaic.
Type: Wall tablet
Materials: Marble

Event Category

19th century conflicts in Asia

People

Freer Smith, Hamilton Pym
Age: 83
Date of Death: 5/2/1929
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Commander RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Obituary in 'The Times' 6 February 1929 p. 19. Took part in anti-slavery patrols in Zanzibar area 1871-73.
Bibliography: Sighted 1995.
Recorder: B. Tomlinson 1995

St James' Church, Christow, Devon, England

Monument in St James’ Church, Christow, Devon commemorating Admiral Sir Edward Pellet, RN, d. 1833

Location

St James' Church, Christow, Devon, England

Transcript

'IN A VAULT BENEATH REPOSE THE REMAINS OF / THE RIGHT HONBLE EDWARD PELLEW, VISCOUNT AND BARON EXMOUTH/ OF CANONTEIGN, A BARONET AND LL.D., VICE-ADMIRAL OF THE UNITED KINGDOM / AND ADMIRAL OF THE RED SQUADRON OF HIS MAJESTY'S FLEET / KNIGHT GRAND CROSS OF THE MOST HONBLE MILITARY ORDER OF THE BATH / ALSO OF THE ROYAL AND DISTINGUISHED ORDER OF CHARLES THE THIRD OF SPAIN / OF THE MILITARY ORDER OF ST MAURICE AND ST LAZARE OF SARDINIA AND / HIGH STEWARD OF GREAT YARMOUTH, AND ONE OF / THE ELDER BRETHEREN OF THE HONBLE CORPORATION OF TRINITY HOUSE. / HIS EMINENT PUBLIC SERVICES ARE RECORDED IN THE ANNALS / AND LIVE IN THE MEMORY OF A GRATEFUL COUNTRY. / THIS PRIVATE AND MORE HUMBLE MONUMENT RECORDS HIS CHRISTIAN VIRTUES; / HIS ACTIVE BENEVOLENCE WHICH OFTEN RISKED HIS LIFE TO / RESCUE FELLOW CREATURES FROM THE DEEP, AND TO BREAK THE CHAINS OF / CHRISTIAN BRETHREN MOURNING IN HELPLESS CAPTIVITY, IN A HEATHEN LAND. / ALL HUMAN GLORY CEASES IN THE GRAVE, BUT FAR DEARER IS THE MEMORY OF / THAT DEVOUT FAITH, WHICH LED HIM IN DEEP HUMILITY TO THE CROSS OF CHRIST, / AND THE STAR THAT GUIDED HIM TO HIS DESIRED HAVEN, / AND THE ANCHOR OF HIS HOPE WHEN ON THE DEATH-BED OF THE JUST, / HE YIELDED UP HIS SOUL TO HIS REDEEMER. / HE DEPARTED IN PEACE ON THE 23RD OF JANUARY / IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD 1833, AND IN THE 76TH YEAR OF HIS AGE. / THIS MONUMENT IS ERECTED BY HIS GRATEFUL AND AFFECTIONATE FAMILY / TO THE MEMORY OF THE BEST OF HUSBANDS AND PARENTS.' [Slab below] 'I / While o'er the reeling wreck the savage storm / Poured all its lightnings, thunders, blasts and hail, / And ever horror in its wildest form / Smote the firm heart, that never knew to fail; / II / Twas thine, Pellew, sublimely great and good; / For man, thy brother man, distress'd, to dare / The dreadful passage of the raging flood, / And join the frantic children of despair. / III / There, it was thine, in comfort's balmy tone, / To sooth their sorrows 'mid the tempests roar, / To hush the mother's shriek, the sick man's groan / And bear the sufferers, trembling to the shore. / IV / So, when this mighty orb, in dread alarm, / Shall crash in ruins, at its God's decree; / May thy Redeemer, with triumphant arm, / From the vast wreck of all things, rescue thee'

Details

Description: Sarcophagus-shaped inscription tablet on feet, flanked by pillars, a draped urn above. At the top a trophy of arms and Pellew crest within garter belt inscribed 'Tria juncta in uno' surmounted by a viscount's coronet, 'Algiers' below.

Monument dedicated to Admiral Sir Edward Pellew
Type: Monument
Position: North wall of chancel
Materials: Marble
Artists: Gaffin
Vessel: HMS Queen Charlotte

Event

Bombardment of Algiers

Event Date

1816

Event Category

19th century conflicts in Africa

People

Pellew, Edward
Age: 76
Date of Death: 23/1/1833
Cause of Death: Unknown
Rank / Occupation: Admiral of the Red
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: The bombardment of Algiers was an Anglo-Dutch operation commanded by Admiral Pellew. It was a decisive victory and resulted in the liberation of over 3000 slaves.
Bibliography: Dwelly's Parish Records Vol VI, Devon MI pp. 173-175.

Christopher D. Hall, ‘Pellew, Edward, first Viscount Exmouth (1757–1833)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2009 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21808, accessed 7 June 2017]

Photographer: B. Tomlinson

Funzi Island, Mombasa, Kenya, Rest of the World

Memorial at Funzi Island, Mombasa, Kenya commemorating Benjamin Stone, RN, d. 1887

Location

Funzi Island, Mombasa, Kenya, Rest of the World

Transcript

‘Sacred / to / the Memory of / Benjamin Stone, A.B. / H.M.S. Turquoise / Who died from the effects of / wounds received during an / engagement with a slave dhow / off Fundo Gap 11 June 1887 / Age 20 years / O Comrades stay as you pass / by as you are now so once was I / As I am now you must be prepared for death to follow me'

Details

Description: Cross on stepped plinth.
Type: Gravestone
Vessel: HMS Turquoise

People

Stone, Benjamin E.
Age: 20
Date of Death: 11/6/1887
Cause of Death: War casualty
Rank / Occupation: Able Seaman
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Wounded in an action with a slave dhow, while attempting an inspection. Five burials on Funzi Island are Royal Navy and Royal Marine personnel. Stone and Irwin’s wooden headstones are now in the old Peace Museum stores, Stone Town, Zanzibar. They are not on display as they are too damaged.

A bronze plaque was erected by his officers in St George’s Church, Isle of Poole, Dorset, England, commemorating Able Seaman Stone. The plaque notes the date of death as 10th June 1887, and his age as 19 years.


Bibliography: Kevin Patience 'Zanzibar Revisited', 'The Review: Journal of the Naval Historical Collectors Research Association' (Winter 1999), pp. 6-7.

Grave Island Cemetery, Chapwani Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania, Rest of the World

Memorial at Grave Island Cemetery, Chapwani Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania commemorating Captain Charles James Brownrigg, RN, d. 1881

Location

Grave Island Cemetery, Chapwani Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania, Rest of the World

Transcript

'IN / LOVING MEMORY / OF CAPTAIN JAMES BROWNRIGG / CAPTAIN OF H.M.S. LONDON / WHO WAS KILLED / BY ARABS OFF PEMBA ISLAND / DECEMBER 3RD 1881 / AGED 45 YEARS / WITH CHRIST WHICH IS FAR BETTER / PHIL 1-23'

Details

Type: Obelisk
Materials: Stone

People

Brownrigg, Charles James
Age: 45
Date of Death: 3/12/1881
Cause of Death: War casualty
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Killed by Arab slave traders off the Island of Pemba while apprehending an Arab dhow.