Category Archives: Slavery

Grave Island Cemetery, Chapwani Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania, Rest of the World

Memorial at Grave Island Cemetery, Chapwani Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania commemorating Lieutenant Myles Cooper, RN, d. 1888

Location

Grave Island Cemetery, Chapwani Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania, Rest of the World

Transcript

'In memory of Myles Harry Cooper Lieutenant R.N. on H.M.S. Griffon / who was killed on the 12 October 1888 when in command of her steam / cutter in capturing an armed slave dhow off Pemba Island aged 26' [other side] 'Erected by his shipmates / Death is swallowed up in victory'

Details

Type: Cross
Vessel: HMS Griffon

People

Cooper, Myles Henry
Age: 26
Date of Death: 12/9/1888
Cause of Death: War casualty
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

St Mary's Church, Ascension Island, Rest of the World

Memorial at St Mary’s Church, Ascension Island commemorating John Strugnell RN d. 1850

Location

St Mary's Church, Ascension Island, Rest of the World

Transcript

'SACRED / TO THE MEMORY OF / JOHN STRUGNELL / LATE CAPTAIN OF THE FORETOP / OF H.M.S. PHOENIX / WHO DIED AT ASCENSION / JULY 5th 1850 / AGED 37 YEARS'

Details

Vessel: HMS Phoenix

People

Strugnell, John
Age: 37
Date of Death: 5/7/1850
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain of the Foretop
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: HMS 'Phoenix' 1832 part of the West Africa squadron, engaged in suppressing the slave trade at the time of Strugnell's death.
Photographer: Colette Bassford

Bristol Cathedral, Bristol, England

Wall tablet in Bristol Cathedral commemorating Lieutenant Gilbert Elliott RN d. 1851.

Location

Bristol Cathedral, Bristol, England

Transcript

'IN MEMORY / OF / WILLIAMINA, DAUGHTER OF PATRICK BARYTONE ESQRE. F.R.S. / WIFE OF GILBERT ELLIOT, D.D. DEAN OF BRISTOL, / DIED JULY 24TH 1853, / AND WAS BURIED IN THE CHANCEL OF THIS CATHEDRAL; / ALSO OF THEIR ONLY SON, GILBERT, LIEUTENANT, R.N. / LOST AT SEA 1851 _ AGED 22 YEARS. / AND OF THEIR DAUGHTERS / MARY ELIZABETH, DIED JANUARY 27TH 1847, AGED 13 YEARS / EMMA MARY, WIDOW OF MONTAGU BLACKETT ESQRE / DIED AUGUST 7TH 1887 / MARGARET ELLIOT, DIED JANUARY 11TH. 1901'

Details

Type: Wall tablet
Position: North transept
Materials: Marble

People

Elliott, Gilbert
Age: 22
Date of Death: 1851
Cause of Death: Unknown
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: 'Early in November, lost, on the coast of Africa, in a captured slaver, Gilbert Elliott R.N., only son of the Dean of Bristol, in his 22nd year.' 'Spectator' 20 March 1852.
Recorder: David Saunders
Photographer: Pippa Lacey

St Ann's Church, Naval Dockyard, Portsmouth, England

Wall tablet in St Ann’s Church, Portsmouth Dockyard commemorating Commander W.G.B. Estcourt RN d. 1845

Location

St Ann's Church, Naval Dockyard, Portsmouth, England

Transcript

'SACRED TO THE MEMORY / OF COMMANDER W.G.B. ESTCOURT / Late in command of Her Majesty's Steam Sloop ECLAIR, who died on the 16th September 1845 / AGED 38 YEARS / on passage from Bona Vista to Madeira, from fever, contracted on the coast of Africa, while / employed in the suppression of the / SLAVE TRADE / HIS BROTHER OFFICERS AND FRIENDS, / to whom he became endeared by his many virtues, have erected this / TABLET / to record the deep sense of their loss, and perpetuate the memory of his worth / with commander ESTCOURT / perished 65 Officers and Men in the short period of Two months / 'Is this not the fast that I have chosen to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, / and to let the oppressed go free that ye break every yoke' Isaiah 58:6'

Details

Type: Wall tablet
Materials: Marble
Vessel: HMS Eclair

People

Estcourt, Walter Grimston Bucknall
Age: 38
Date of Death: 16/9/1845
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation: Commander RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Recorder: B. Tomlinson
Photographer: B. Tomlinson

St James's Cemetery, Liverpool, England

Memorial in St James’s Cemetery, Liverpool commemorating Captain Thomas Tittle d. 1806

Location

St James's Cemetery, Liverpool, England

Transcript

'Captain Thomas Tittle died at Cameroons Africa 18 July 1806 age 26'

Details

People

Tittle, Thomas
Age: 26
Date of Death: 18/7/1806
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: From a MS in Liverpool Record Office. Compiled by James Gibson d. 1886, vol. 6, p. 469. An officer of this name was one of the commanders of the 'Constance' on a slave trading voyage in 1806 from Liverpool to Calabar.

Grave Island Cemetery, Chapwani Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania, Rest of the World

Memorial at Grave Island Cemetery, Chapwani Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania commemorating John New, RN, d. 1865

Location

Grave Island Cemetery, Chapwani Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania, Rest of the World

Transcript

'In memory of / John New / Coxswain H.M.S. Wasp / killed in encounter / with a slave dhow / 12 May 1865 aged 35'

Details

Description: Marble tablet set into white concrete cross.
Type: Cross
Materials: Concrete, marble
Vessel: HMS Wasp

People

New, John
Age: 35
Date of Death: 12/5/1865
Cause of Death: War casualty
Rank / Occupation: Coxswain
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

St James's Church, Liverpool, England

Memorial at St James’s Church, Liverpool commemorating Captain Thomas Hughes d. 1777

Location

St James's Church, Liverpool, England

Transcript

'Under this stone lieth the body of Capt. Thos. Hughes who departed this life 2nd June 1777 in the 45th year of his age. He was many years a Commander in the Africa Trade which office he filled with great industry and integrity. An affectionate husband and a tender father, an honest man. His soul serene he meets an angry rod and cheerfully obeyed the summons of his God'

Details

Type: Gravestone
Position: Churchyard

People

Hughes, Thomas
Age: 44
Date of Death: 2/6/1777
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: Another record of this stone says it is in St Nicholas Churchyard. From a MS in Liverpool Record Office.Compiled by James Gibson d.1886, vol.1, p.173.

St Matthew's Church, Windsor, Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia, Rest of the World

Wall tablet in Hawkesbury, New South Wales commemorating Captain William Blake RN d. 1874

Location

St Matthew's Church, Windsor, Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia, Rest of the World

Transcript

'SACRED TO THE BELOVED MEMORY OF / CAPTAIN WILLIAM HANS BLAKE, ROYAL NAVY, / YOUNGEST SON OF THE LATE COMMANDER GEORGE HANS BLAKE, R.N., / BORN 23, MARCH 1832, DIED 27.JANUARY 1874, AT CAPE COAST CASTLE, WEST COAST OF AFRICA, FROM THE EFFECTS / OF CLIMATE, BROUGHT ON BY EXCESSIVE EXERTION AND EXPOSURE, WHEN IN COMMAND OF THE NAVAL / BRIGADE, WHILE ON THE MARCH TO COOMASSIE, DURING THE ASHANTEE WAR OF 1873-4. / THIS GALLANT OFFICER ENTERED THE ROYAL NAVY IN 1846, AS NAVAL CADET ON BOARD H.M.S.'HOUND', / IN WHICH VESSEL, BOTH AS CADET AND MIDSHIPMAN HE WAS EMPLOYED ON THE WEST COAST OF AFRICA IN THE / SUPPRESSION OF THE SLAVE TRADE, EVENTUALLY PROCEEDING IN HER TO THE WEST INDIES WHERE HE ALSO SERVED / IN H.M.SHIPS 'ALARM' AND 'IMAUM' - BEING ATTACHED TO THE 'BERMUDA' SCHOONER, A SAILING TENDER OF THE / LATTER - UNTIL THE END OF 1850, IN NOVEMBER OF WHICH YEAR HE JOINED H.M.S.'ALBION' AND WAS EMPLOYED / ON THE MEDITERRANEAN STATION. ON THE 29. OCTOBER 1852, WHILE IN THE 'ALBION' HE PASSED HIS EXAMINATION / FOR A LIEUTENANT WITH GREAT CREDIT AND CONTINUED TO SERVE IN HER AS ACTING MATE UNTIL MARCH 1854, WHEN / HE WAS APPOINTED TO H.M.S.'DUKE OF WELLINGTON' FLAG SHIP IN THE BALTIC, DURING THE WAR WITH RUSSIA. IN / SEPTEMBER 1854, HE WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF LIEUTENANT AND TRANSFERRED TO H.M.S.'EDINBURGH' IN / WHICH SHIP HE COMMANDED A ROCKET BOAT AT THE BOMBARDMENT OF SWEABORG IN AUGUST 1855, AND WAS / GAZETTED IN DESPATCHES 'AS MAINTAINING HIS POSITION WITH STEADY GALLANTRY UNDER A SMART FIRE OF / BURSTING SHELL'. ON BEING PAID OFF FROM THE 'EDINBURGH' IN JUNE 1856, HE JOINED H.M.S.'EXCELLENT' / WHENCE HE WAS IN NOVEMBER 1857, TRANSFERRED TO H.M.S.'CAMBRIAN', AND PROCEEDED IN HER TO CHINA / WHERE HE WAS MOST ACTIVELY ENGAGED DURING THE EARLIER PERIOD OF THE CHINA WAR AND EARNED THE / HIGH COMMENDATION OF HIS SUPERIORS. FROM THE 'CAMBRIAN' HE JOINED IN JANUARY 1859, H.M.S.'NIGER' AND / PROCEEDED IN HER TO NEW ZEALAND WHERE HE SAW MUCH HARD SERVICE AT THE OUTBREAK OF THE / MAORI WAR, AND WAS AS SENIOR LIEUTENANT OF THE 'NIGER' WHEN ON SHORE IN COMMAND OF THE PARTY OF / SEAMEN, DESPERATELY WOUNDED AT WAIREKA TARANAKI BY A GUN-SHOT WOUND IN THE BREAST WHICH UP TO THE TIME OF HIS LAMENTED / DEATH CAUSED HIM MUCH SUFFERING, THE BULLET HAVING LODGED NEAR THE HEART, AND BEING ONLY EXTRACTED AT THE POST- / MORTEM EXAMINATION HELD ON HIS REMAINS AT CAPE COAST CASTLE. FOR HIS CONSPICUOUS BRAVERY IN NEW ZEALAND HE RECEIVED / HIS PROMOTION TO THE RANK OF COMMANDER, AND WAS FOR HIS WOUND AWARDED A PENSION FOR LIFE. FROM JANUARY 1863, TO / MARCH 1865, HE COMMANDED H.M.S.'ALECTO' ON THE SOUTH AMERICAN STATION; FROM APRIL 1865 TO MAY 1866, H.M.S.'MUTINE' ON / THE PACIFIC STATION, WHERE HE MORE THAN ONCE RECEIVED THE THANKS OF HIS COUNTRYMEN FOR THE PROTECTION HE AFFORDED / TO BRITISH INTERESTS. FROM JUNE 1866 TO DECEMBER 1867, HE COMMANDED H.M.S.'FALCON' ON THE AUSTRALIAN STATION, WHENCE HE / RETURNED TO ENGLAND, HAVING BEEN PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF CAPTAIN ON THE 14.SEPTEMBER 1867. IN APRIL 1873, HE WAS / APPOINTED TO H.M.S.'DRUID' ON THE WEST COAST OF AFRICA, WHERE HE TOOK A MOST PROMINENT AND ACTIVE PART IN THE ASHANTEE / WAR, AND ON THE MARCH TO COOMASSIE BEING DETERMINED UPON, HE WAS FROM HIS HIGH PROFESSIONAL ABILITIES, SELECTED TO / ORGANIZE AND COMMAND THE NAVAL BRIGADE WITH WHICH HE MARCHED FROM CAPE COAST CASTLE TO PRASHU WITHOUT A SINGLE / MAN FALLING OUT, SO STRONGLY HAD HE IMBUED THOSE UNDER HIM WITH HIS OWN INDOMITABLE SPIRIT. LEAVING A FEW MEN TO GUARD / STORES AT PRASHU, HE, AT THE HEAD OF THE REMAINING PORTION OF HIS BRIGADE HAD THE HONOR OF BEING THE FIRST OF THE COMBINED / FORCES TO CROSS THE RIVER PRAH, BEYOND WHICH HE PROCEEDED SEVEN MILES, BUT ON HIS RETURN TO PRASHU AFTER THIS ARDUOUS / MARCH TO AWAIT REINFORCEMENTS AND JOIN THE BRITISH TROOPS HE WAS STRUCK DOWN WITH VIOLENT AFRICAN FEVER, AND AFTER / HEROICALLY BUT VAINLY STRUGGLING AGAINST ITS MASTERY, HE WAS COMPELLED FROM UTTER PROSTRATION TO RESIGN HIS COMMAND AND / WAS CARRIED FROM PRASHU DOWN TO CAPE COAST CASTLE, WHERE HE EXPIRED ON THE 27.JANUARY 1874, ON BOARD H.M.S.'VICTOR / EMANUEL' AND WAS BURIED ON SHORE THE SAME DAY WITH THE HONORS DUE TO HIS RANK. THUS WAS ADDED TO THE LONG AND / IMPERISHABLE ROLL OF PAST GALLANT NAVAL OFFICERS, ONE, WHOSE HIGH PROFESSIONAL CHARACTER, EQUALLY WITH / HIS NOBLE AND GENTLE QUALITIES, MADE HIM SO BELOVED IN LIFE AND AND SO DEEPLY LAMENTED IN DEATH. / THIS TABLET IS ERECTED TO THE BEST OF HUSBANDS AND FATHERS, BY HIS / SORROWING WIDOW. / BLESSED ARE THE DEAD WHICH DIE IN THE LORD FROM HENCEFORTH; YEA, SAITH THE SPIRIT, / THAT THEY MAY REST FROM THEIR LABOURS; AND THEIR WORKS DO FOLLOW THEM . / REV.XIV.13.'

Details

Description: In relief above the inscription a foul anchor with the chain wrapped round a cross.

Type: Wall tablet
Position: East end
Materials: Marble
Artists: Gaffin & Co
Vessel: HMS Alarm; HMS Imaum; HMS Albion; HMS Duke of Wellington; HMS Edinburgh; HMS Excellent; HMS Cambria; HMS Alecto; HMS Mutine; HMS Falcon; HMS Druid; HMS Victor Emanuel

Event

Crimea War, Second China War, Second New Zealand War, Ashantee War.

Event Category

19th century conflicts in Asia, 19th century conflicts in Africa

People

Blake, William Hans
Age: 41
Date of Death: 27/1/1874
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: www.hawkesbury.net.au

Damside Street, Lancaster, Lancashire, England

Memorial sculpture in Damside Street, Lancaster, Lancashire  commemorating victims of the slave trade

Location

Damside Street, Lancaster, Lancashire, England

Transcript

'Captured Africans / Ships Master depart Africans / 'Expedition' Strangeways, James 1745 188 / 'Jolly Batchelor' Hinde, Thomas 1749 154 / 'Africa' Hinde, Thomas 1752 170 / 'Barlborough' Millerson, Richard 1754 140 / 'Lancaster' Paley, Thomas 1756 90 / 'Castleton' Tindall, Henry 1756 120 [?] / 'Gambia' Dodson, Robert 1756 180 / 'Cato' Millerson, Richard 1756 360 / 'Thetis' Preston, John 1759 212 / 'Molly' Denison, William 1760 228 / 'Marquis of Danby' Dodson, Robert 1762 240 / 'Eagle' Millerson, Richard 1762 270 / 'Norfolk' Nunnes, Isaac 1763 202 / 'King Tom' Read, John 1764 230 / 'Antelope' Paley, Thomas 1764 150 / 'Phoebe' Macky 1764 296 / 'Prince George' Addison, John 1766 160 / 'Stanley' Abson, John 1773 160 / 'Nelly' Maychell, James 1774 250 / 'Sally' Sawrey, James 1775 153 / 'Old England' Garnet, John 1783 181 / 'Johns' Nunns, John 1806 280' '.

Details

Description: Peakamoor stone in the shape of a ships bow with decks made out of clear acrylic with the words ‘wealth', 'rum', 'mahogany', 'cotton', 'sugar' and 'slaves' written on them. The top with inlaid coins, the bottom with the plan of the slave ship 'Brookes'. The acrylic blocks attached by steel bars to a stone slab and steel plate with the details of twenty Lancaster voyages detailing captains, names of ships, number of slaves embarked. This on a plinth with an inlaid mosaic of the Atlantic Triangular Trade that has on it, moulded figures of slaves.
Type: Sculpture
Position: Near the quay
Materials: stone, acrylic, steel with brass figures
Date Erected: 2005
Artists: Kevin Dalton Johnson
Vessel: Brookes

Extra

Notes: This memorial to the victims of the slave trade was erected in 2005, under the aegis of the Slave Trade Arts Memorial Project - the first memorial to victims of the slave trade at a British port site.
Photographer: B. Tominson

St Andrew's Church, Rochford, Essex, England

Wall tablet in St Andrew’s Church, Rochford, dedicated to Commander John Lodwick RN d. 1845

Location

St Andrew's Church, Rochford, Essex, England

Transcript

'IN MEMORY OF / JOHN LODWICK, ESQRE / COMMANDER R.N. / ELDEST SON OF / JOHN LODWICK, ESQRE OF ROCHFORD HALL, / AND ANN, HIS WIFE. / HE SERVED HIS COUNTRY WITH DISTINCTION, IN EVERY QUARTER OF THE WORLD, / FOR A PERIOD OF TWENTY YEARS, / AND WAS PROMOTED FOR HIS GALLANTRY / IN AN ENCOUNTER WITH A SLAVE SHIP, / ON THE 12TH JANUARY 1845, / WHEN HE WAS DANGEROUSLY WOUNDED / SHORTLY AFTERWARDS HE FELL A VICTIM / TO THE PESTILENTIAL FEVER / OF THE COAST OF AFRICA, / AND DIED MAY 13TH 1845, / AGED 35 YEARS. / THIS TABLET WAS ERECTED BY A FEW OF HIS FRIENDS, / TO MARK THEIR ADMIRATION AND RESPECT / FOR HIS GALLANT AND TRULY ESTIMABLE CHARACTER'

Details

Type: Wall tablet
Position: Nave south aisle south wall
Materials: Stone, marble

People

Lodwick, John
Age:
Date of Death: 13/5/1845
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation: Commander RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra