Category Archives: Slavery

St James's Church, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, England

Memorial at St James’s Church, Toxteth Park, Liverpool commemorating Captain William Cartmell d. 1797

Location

St James's Church, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, England

Transcript

'Captain William Cartmell died 8th. March 1797 age 41'

Details

People

Cartmell, William
Age: 41
Date of Death: 8/3/1797
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: From a MS in Liverpool Record Office. Compiled by James Gibson d. 1886, vol. 3, p.155. An officer of this name commanded slave ships 'Mary' in 1794 and 'Onslow' in 1796.

Cemetery, Grave Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania

Gravestone in Zanzibar, Tanzania dedicated to John May d. 1892

Location

Cemetery, Grave Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania

Transcript

'John T. May E.R.A. / H.M.S. Philomel / died / 6th May 1892'

Details

Type: Gravestone
Vessel: HMS Philomel

People

May, John T.
Age:
Date of Death: 6/5/1892
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Engine Room Artificer
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Died whilst HMS 'Philomel' conducting anti-slavery patrols.

Haslar Cemetery, Gosport, Hampshire, England

Memorial in Haslar Cemetery, Gosport, Hampshire, commemorating those men of HMS ‘Archer’ who died of fever during her commission on the West Coast of Africa 1864-6

Location

Haslar Cemetery, Gosport, Hampshire, England

Details

Description: Carved with an anchor round which is entwined a cross made of rope twist, on a plinth.
Type: Memorial
Position: Opposite entrance
Materials: Portland stone
Vessel: HMS Archer

Extra

Notes: Commemorates those who died of fever during the commission on the West Coast of Africa 1864/66 in prevention of slave traffic.

Church of St Mary Magdalene, Littleton, Surrey, England

Wall tablet in the Church of St Mary Magdalene, Littleton commemorating Commander Sir Hamilton Pym Freer Smith RN d. 1929

Location

Church of St Mary Magdalene, Littleton, Surrey, England

Transcript

[Not exact] 'In loving memory of Commander Sir H P Freer Smith R.N. CSI served in HMS Mersey occupation of Vera Cruz 1861 in HMS Perseus at bombardment of Kagosima (Japan) 1863 & Simoseki 1864 on HMS Daphne 1871-1873. Home office 1875-1913 Died 5 Feb 1929 aged 83'

Details

Description: The tablet has a border of knots inlaid in darker marble.
Type: Wall tablet
Materials: Marble

People

Freer Smith, Hamilton Pym
Age: 83
Date of Death: 5/2/1929
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Commander RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Obituary in 'The Times' 6 February 1929 p. 19. Took part in anti-slavery patrols in Zanzibar area 1871-73.

St James Church, Christow, Devon, England

Monument in Christow, Devon, dedicated to Admiral Sir Edward Pellew d. 1833

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Location

St James Church, Christow, Devon, England

Transcript

'IN A VAULT BENEATH REPOSE THE REMAINS OF / THE RIGHT HONBLE EDWARD PELLEW, VISCOUNT AND BARON EXMOUTH/ OF CANONTEIGN, A BARONET AND LL.D., VICE-ADMIRAL OF THE UNITED KINGDOM / AND ADMIRAL OF THE RED SQUADRON OF HIS MAJESTY'S FLEET / KNIGHT GRAND CROSS OF THE MOST HONBLE MILITARY ORDER OF THE BATH / ALSO OF THE ROYAL AND DISTINGUISHED ORDER OF CHARLES THE THIRD OF SPAIN / OF THE MILITARY ORDER OF ST MAURICE AND ST LAZARE OF SARDINIA AND / HIGH STEWARD OF GREAT YARMOUTH, AND ONE OF / THE ELDER BRETHEREN OF THE HONBLE CORPORATION OF TRINITY HOUSE./ HIS EMINENT PUBLIC SERVICES ARE RECORDED IN THE ANNALS / AND LIVE IN THE MEMORY OF A GRATEFUL COUNTRY. / THIS PRIVATE AND MORE HUMBLE MONUMENT RECORDS HIS CHRISTIAN VIRTUES; / HIS ACTIVE BENEVOLENCE WHICH OFTEN RISKED HIS LIFE TO / RESCUE FELLOW CREATURES FROM THE DEEP, AND TO BREAK THE CHAINS OF / CHRISTIAN BRETHREN MOURNING IN HELPLESS CAPTIVITY, IN A HEATHEN LAND. / ALL HUMAN GLORY CEASES IN THE GRAVE, BUT FAR DEARER IS THE MEMORY OF / THAT DEVOUT FAITH, WHICH LED HIM IN DEEP HUMILITY TO THE CROSS OF CHRIST, / AND THE STAR THAT GUIDED HIM TO HIS DESIRED HAVEN, / AND THE ANCHOR OF HIS HOPE WHEN ON THE DEATH-BED OF THE JUST, / HE YIELDED UP HIS SOUL TO HIS REDEEMER. / HE DEPARTED IN PEACE ON THE 23RD OF JANUARY / IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD 1833, AND IN THE 76TH YEAR OF HIS AGE. / THIS MONUMENT IS ERECTED BY HIS GRATEFUL AND AFFECTIONATE FAMILY / TO THE MEMORY OF THE BEST OF HUSBANDS AND PARENTS.' [Slab below] 'I / While o'er the reeling wreck the savage storm / Poured all its lightnings, thunders, blasts and hail, / And ever horror in its wildest form / Smote the firm heart, that never knew to fail; / II / Twas thine, Pellew, sublimely great and good; / For man, thy brother man, distress'd, to dare / The dreadful passage of the raging flood, / And join the frantic children of despair. / III / There, it was thine, in comfort's balmy tone, / To sooth their sorrows 'mid the tempests roar, / To hush the mother's shriek, the sick man's groan / And bear the sufferers, trembling to the shore. / IV / So, when this mighty orb, in dread alarm, / Shall crash in ruins, at its God's decree; / May thy Redeemer, with triumphant arm, /From the vast wreck of all things, rescue thee'

Details

Description: Sarcophagus-shaped inscription tablet on feet, flanked by pillars, a draped urn above. At the top a trophy of arms and Pellew crest within garter belt inscribed 'Tria juncta in uno' surmounted by a viscount's coronet, 'Algiers' below.

Monument dedicated to Admiral Sir Edward Pellew
Type: Monument
Position: North wall of chancel
Materials: Marble
Artists: Gaffin
Vessel: HMS Queen Charlotte,

Event

Bombardment of Algiers,

Event Date

1816

Event Category

19th century conflicts in Africa

People

Pellew, Edward
Age: 76
Date of Death: 23/1/1833
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral of the Red
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: The bombardment of Algiers was an Anglo-Dutch operation commanded by Admiral Pellew. It was a decisive victory and resulted in the liberation of over 3000 slaves.
Bibliography: Dwelly's Parish Records Vol VI, Devon MI pp. 173-175.

Christopher D. Hall, ‘Pellew, Edward, first Viscount Exmouth (1757–1833)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2009 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21808, accessed 7 June 2017]
Photographer: B. Tomlinson

Fen Court, City of London, London, England

Memorial commemorating the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade in 1807 at Fen Court, City of London

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Location

Fen Court, City of London, London, England

Details

Description: A series of granite columns resembling stalks of sugar cane surrounding a podium. The memorial is engraved with extracts of Lemn Sissay's poem 'Gilt of Cain'.
Type: Memorial
Materials: Granite
Artists: Michael Visocchi, Lemn Sissay

Extra

Notes: Project initiated by Black British Heritage and the Parish of St Mary Woolnoth and was commissioned by the City of London Corporation in partnership with the British Land Company

St Mary's Church, Wolborough, Devon, England

Plaque in Wolborough, Devon dedicated to Admiral William Cornish-Bowden d. 1896

Location

St Mary's Church, Wolborough, Devon, England

Transcript

'In Loving memory of / William Cornish-Bowden / Admiral. / Kt. Legion of Honour. / Who served his Queen and Country / from 1840 to 1865. / He took part in the Syrian Campaign / and the taking of St Jean D'Acre in 1840. / Was in Chinese war and taking of Canton, 1842-3 in H.M.S. Cornwallis / and distinguished himself at the / Bombardment of Sevastopol in / H.M.S. Arethusa in 1854, also greatly / assisted suppression of the Slave Trade on the West Coast of / Africa and at Zanzibar. /Born 16th April 1826. / Fell asleep 18th April 1896.'

Details

Description: Inscription in an elaborate border with the Naval Crown engraved in the top left hand corner and a foul anchor top right.


Type: Plaque
Position: North wall
Materials: Brass
Vessel: HMS Cornwallis; HMS Arethusa

Event Category

19th century conflicts in Asia

People

Cornish-Bowden, William
Age:
Date of Death: 18/4/1896
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

St Thomas's Church, Park Lane, Liverpool, England

Memorial at St Thomas’s Church, Liverpool commemorating Captain Nicholas Boulton d. 1792

Location

St Thomas's Church, Park Lane, Liverpool, England

Transcript

'Captain Nicholas Boulton died 4th December 1792 aged 70'

Details

People

Boulton, Nicholas
Age: 70
Date of Death: 4/12/1792
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: From a MS in Liverpool Record Office. Compiled by James Gibson d. 1886, vol. 3, p. 676. Church closed in 1905. An officer of this name commanded the slave ship 'John' during 1760, 1761 and 1764.
Recorder: Captain J P Brand, Friends of the Merseyside Maritime Museum

St Maughold's Church, Kirk Maughold, Isle of Man, Isle of Man

Tomb of Hugh Crow d.1829, Kirk Maughold, Isle of Man

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Location

St Maughold's Church, Kirk Maughold, Isle of Man, Isle of Man

Transcript

[Top]'Sacred/to the memory of/CAPTAIN HUGH CROW/late of Liverpool/propriator of/East Ballersa now Crow Villa/in this parish/born in the town of Ramsey in the year 1765/died 13th May 1829/aged 61 years/also of WILLIAM HINDS/of Crow Villa nephew of the late Captain Crow/died the 8th July 1848 aged 50 years/Captain CROW commanded the ships WILL, CERES, MARY and KITTY'S AMELIA/with much credit to himself and to the entire satisfaction of his.../he also fought several actions with the enemy/for which he received repeated marks of/approbation of the merchants and underwriters/of London and Liverpool/"An honest man's the noblest work of God'/ [South side] 'Sacred/to the memory of/EDMUND CROW late/of the town of Ramsey/who was born 12 Novr/1730 and departed this/life 25 Feby 1809 aged/79 years/also in memory of/JUDITH CROW alias/TEARE his wife who was/born 4th August 1737/and died 30th Decr 1807/aged 70 years/deposited in this/also are the remains/of CORNELIUS HINDS/late of the town of Ramsey/died the 5th Sept 1802/aged 84 years/MARGARET his wife/died the 27th Sept 1804/aged... years' [North Side] 'Being the father and/mother of Captain HUGH CROW and CAPT WILLIAM CROW/the latter of whom died/at Bonney on the coast/of Africa in the year/1799/also father and mother of MR JOHN CROW/Master carpenter/who was drowned at Kingston Jamaica/in the year 1802/also of JOHN CROW/Snr who lies interred in this/church yard'

Details

Description: Tomb carved in the Adam style with pillasters at the ends and fan decoration in the corners of the panels.
Type: Tomb
Position: Churchyard
Materials: Slate

People

Crow, Hugh
Age: 61
Date of Death: 13/5/1829
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master
Organisation:
Crow, William
Age:
Date of Death: 1799
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master
Organisation:
Crow, John
Age:
Date of Death: 1802
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Carpenter
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: Inscriptions recorded by the Isle of Man Family History Society. Crow left £50 in his will for burial expenses and the erection of a tomb. William Crow, mariner of Liverpool, Hugh's brother drowned 3 February 1800 at Bonny in present day Nigeria (will).
Bibliography: R. Watkin 'Captain Hugh Crow: a Liverpool Guineaman', 'Mariners Mirror' vol 63 (1977) pp. 177-85; Hugh Crow 'Memoir of the late Captain Hugh Crow of Liverpool' (London, 1830).

St Margaret's Westminster, London, England

Memorial in St Margaret’s Westminster, London commemorating Olaudah Equinao, Able Seaman RN, d. 1797

Location

St Margaret's Westminster, London, England

Transcript

'THE AFRICAN / OLAUDAH EQUIANO / BAPTISED GUSTAVUS VASSA / In this church 9 February 1759 / Author and Abolitionist'

Details

Description: Oval stone plaque
Type: Plaque
Position: South side of Nave
Materials: Stone
Artists: Margaret Bennett-Male

Event

1756-1763 Seven Years War

People

Equiano, Olaudah
Age: 52
Date of Death: 31/3/1797
Cause of Death: Unknown
Rank / Occupation: Able seaman
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Purchased as a black servant by Commander Henry Pascal RN (under whom he served in the navy), Equino later published his autobiography and became an influential voice in the campaign to abolish slavery.