Category Archives: Exploration

State Historical Park, Kealakekua Bay, Big Island, Hawaii, Rest of the World

Memorial in Kealakekua Bay, Big Island, Hawaii commemorating Captain James Cook. d. 1779

Location

State Historical Park, Kealakekua Bay, Big Island, Hawaii, Rest of the World

Transcript

'NEAR THIS SPOT / CAPT JAMES COOK / WAS KILLED / FEBRUARY 14, 1779 / TABLET DEDICATED / AUGUST 18.1928 BY COOK SEQUICENTENNIAL / COMMISSION'

Details

Date Erected: 18/8/1928

People

Cook, James
Age: 51
Date of Death: 14/2/1779
Cause of Death: Killed by indigenous people
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: Sir Joseph Carruthers 'Captain James Cook R.N. one hundred and fifty years after' (London, 1930).

Park, Kauai, Waimea, Hawaii, Rest of the World

Statue in Kauai, Waimea, Hawaii  of Captain James Cook RN. d. 1779

Location

Park, Kauai, Waimea, Hawaii, Rest of the World

Transcript

'Captain Cook RN 1728-1779; a replica of the original statue in Whitby England by Sir John Tweed, RA. State of Hawaii, Department of Accounting and General Services'

Details

Artists: John Tweed

People

Cook, James
Age: 51
Date of Death: 14/2/1779
Cause of Death: Killed by indigenous people
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Brocklesby Park, Brocklesby, Lincolnshire, England

Memorial at Brocklesby Park, Lincolnshire commemorating Captain James Cook RN d. 1779

Location

Brocklesby Park, Brocklesby, Lincolnshire, England

Details

Description: Serpentine fluted sarcophagus in relief with pediment and acroteria. The whole rests on devices of dolphin heads and spheres. Further dolphins and a shell within the tympanum. Tomb chest ornamented with Corinthian quarter columns and has classical faces to the upper corners in addition to a frieze of sea monsters (hippocampi) and a relief of the Three Graces.
Type: Cenotaph
Materials: Portland stone
Artists: Richard Hayward

People

Cook, James
Age:
Date of Death: 1779
Cause of Death: Killed by indigenous people
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: John Lord 'Richard Hayward: An early and some later commissions','Church Monuments: Journal of the Church Monuments Society' vol. xii, pp.74-75, (London, 1997).

St James's Church, Stedham, Sussex, England

Memorial at St James’s Church, Stedham, Sussex commemorating Edward Francis Hemming RN d. 1867

Location

St James's Church, Stedham, Sussex, England

Transcript

'SACRED / TO THE MEMORY OF / EDWARD FRANCIS HEMING R.N. / 2ND MASTER OF H.M.S. INVESTIGATOR / AND 3RD SON OF / EDWR. F. HEMING ESQR. OF BOGNOR LODGE GUELP U.C. / WHO DIED OF FEVER AT LAGOS W. COAST OF AFRICA / ON THE 22ND OF JUNE 1867 / AGED 21 YEARS / "He that overcometh shall inherit all things"'

Details

Vessel: HMS Investigator

People

Heming, Edward Francis
Age: 21
Date of Death: 22/6/1867
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation: 2nd Master RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: HMS 'Investigator' paddle survey vessel.

St Botolph's Church, Boston, Lincolnshire, England

Memorial to explorers of Australia at Boston, Lincolnshire

Location

St Botolph's Church, Boston, Lincolnshire, England

Transcript

'George BASS, surgeon, once of / this town, and others who lived / nearby and with him bore a / gallant part in the exploration of / AUSTRALIA. / . JOSEPH BANKS Squire of Revesby / JAMES ROBERTS of Mareham Le Fen / and PETER BRISCOE of Revesby / who sailed in H.M.S. Endeavour / JOSEPH GILBERT, Astronomer of Wrangle and ROBERT ROLLETT of this town / who served on Cook's second expedition / MATTHEW FLINDERS of Donington/ ROBERT FOWLER of Horncastle / SAMUEL FLINDERS of Donington. / John FRANKLIN whose parents were / married in this church who were / among the officers of HMS Investigator / These were honoured in their generations/and were the glory of their times'

Details

Description: The arms of Australia above the inscription within a broken pediment.
Type: Wall tablet
Position: Below tower
Vessel: HMS Endeavour, HMS Erebus, HMS Terror

People

Banks, Joseph
Age:
Date of Death: 1820
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation:
Bass, George
Age:
Date of Death: 1803
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation: Royal Navy
Briscoe, Peter
Age:
Date of Death:
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation:
Flinders, Matthew
Age: 40
Date of Death: 19/7/1814
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation:
Flinders, Samuel Ward
Age:
Date of Death: 1834
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Raer Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy
Fowler, Robert Merrick
Age:
Date of Death: 1854
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation:
Franklin, John
Age: 61
Date of Death: 11/6/1847
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Rear Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy
Gilbert, Joseph
Age:
Date of Death: 1824 [?]
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Roberts, James
Age: 74
Date of Death: 8/7/1826
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation:
Rollett, Robert
Age:
Date of Death:
Cause of Death:
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: This plaque was unveiled by the acting High Commissioner of Australia Mr J.S. Duncan CBE on the 13th December 1945.
Bibliography: David Saunders 'Maritime Memorials & Mementoes' (Yeovil, 1996) p. 25 (photo).

St Mary's Church, Bury, Lancashire, England

Wall monument in St Mary’s Church, Bury, Lancashire commemorating Lieutenants RN Robert Hood d. 1821 and George Hood d. 1823.

Location

St Mary's Church, Bury, Lancashire, England

Transcript

'Sacred to the Memory of / LIEUTENANTS ROBERT and GEORGE HOOD, R.N. / SONS of the REVD RICHARD HOOD, L.L.D. of this Town / The former of whom, while engaged in the overland Arctic Expedition, / Under the command of CAPTAIN FRANKLIN, R.N. / After having with unshaken fortitude, endured / unparalleled dangers and privations, / AND BY HIS SKILL IN SCIENCE, / Essentially contributed to the utility of the enterprise, / WAS ASSASSINATED by an IROQUOIS, October 20 1821 / Thus terminating At the early age of four and twenty, / A short but brilliant career , /Distinguished by varied talent and steady determination / Which were rapidly opening a path to the highest honours of his profession / THE LATTER, UNDER CAPTAIN OWEN, R.N. / Employed also in the cause of science, on the Eastern Coast of Africa / perished by a Fever, February. 6th.1823, Being also 24 Years of age, / If his services were less distinguished, / or his fate attracted less of public sympathy, / Than that of his lamented brother, / He required only a more prominent situation / For the display of his uncommon talents and acquirements.' [Base] 'As a tribute of sincere respect / For / the merit of their Fellow Towns men/This Monument was erected / By / some of the Inhabitants of Bury'

Details

Description: Below inscription tablet, a relief of a mourning female with an urn flanked by an elephant and a walrus.



Type: Wall monument
Date Erected: 1824
Artists: Thomas Kirk

People

Hood, Robert
Age: 24
Date of Death: 20/10/1821
Cause of Death: Murdered
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Hood, George
Age: 24
Date of Death: 6/2/1823
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: Hilary P. Mead 'Lieutenant Robert Hood', 'Mariner's Mirror' vol. 42, p.78, (Cambridge, 1956); C Stuart Houston (editor) 'To the Arctic by Canoe 1819-1822: The Journal and Paintings of Robert Hood Midshipman with Franklin' (Montreal, 1974).

St Helena's Church, Willoughby, Lincolnshire, England

Wall tablet in St Helena’s Church, Willoughby, Lincolnshire commemorating  Captain John Smith d. 1631

Location

St Helena's Church, Willoughby, Lincolnshire, England

Transcript

'Captain John Smith who was baptized in this church on 9th January 1579 (19 Jan 1580 old style) He was first among the leaders of the settlement of Jamestown Virginia in 1607 which began the expansion overseas of the English speaking peoples The Commonwealth of Virginia the United States of America and the British Commonwealth of Nations. Erected 1960 by the Jamestown Foundation of the Commonwealth of Virginia'

Details

Type: Wall tablet

Event Category

English colonization of North America

People

Smith, John
Age: 51
Date of Death: 21/6/1631
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral of New England
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: Explorer and colonizer.

Stowe Landscape Gardens, Stowe, Buckinghamshire, England

Bust at Stowe, Buckinghamshire, of Sir Walter Raleigh d. 1618  .

Location

Stowe Landscape Gardens, Stowe, Buckinghamshire, England

Transcript

'SIR WALTER RALEIGH / A VALIANT SOLDIER AND ABLE STATEMAN / WHO ENDEAVOURING TO ROUSE THE SPIRIT OF HIS MASTER / FOR THE HONOUR OF HIS COUNTRY AGAINST THE AMBITION OF SPAIN / FELL A SACRIFICE TO THE INFLUENCE OF THAT COURT / WHOSE ARMS HE HAD VANQUISHED AND WHOSE DESIGNS HE OPPOSED'

Details

Description: Bust in a niche in the Temple of British Worthies.
Type: Bust
Position: Temple of British Worthies
Materials: Stone
Artists: Peter Scheemakers
Vessel: Ark Royal

Event

Spanish Armada

Event Date

1588

Event Category

1584 - 1604 Conflict between England and Spain

People

Raleigh, Walter
Age:
Date of Death: 29/10/1618
Cause of Death: Executed
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation:

Extra

Montparnasse Cemetery, Paris, France, Rest of the World

Memorial at Montparnasse Cemetery, Paris commemorating   Admiral J.S.C. Dumont d’Urville d. 1842

Location

Montparnasse Cemetery, Paris, France, Rest of the World

Transcript

[On pillar] ‘A . LA . MEMOIRE . DU . CONTRE . ADMIRAL / DUMONT . D’URVILLE / NE . LE . XXIII . MAI . MDCCXC . / A CONDE . SUR . NOIREAU . CALVADOS / MORT . LE . VIII . MAI . MDCCCXLII / … CHEMIN . DE . FER . DE . PARIS . A . VERSAILLES’ [Base] ‘NAVIGATION GEOGRAPHIE . HISTOIRE-NATURELLE . PHILOLIGIE / VOYAGE DE LES MERS DU LEVANT / I VOYAGE AUTOUR DU MONDE / II VOYAGE AUTOUR DU MONDE / III VOYAGE AUTOUR DU MONDE POLE SUD / VENUS DE MILO SIGNALEE / GEOGRAPHIE BOTANIQUE DEBRIS DE NAUFR. DE LAPEROUSE REPORTES / TERRE LOUIS PHILIPPE TERRE ADELIE / MONUMENT ELEVE PAR LES SOINS DE LA SOCIETE DE GEOGRAPHIE’

Details

Description: A column, on the base, profiles of the ships of Dumont D'Urville's voyages of exploration, and the Venus de Milo brought back by him to France. The sequence ends with the Admiral, his wife and son shown being carried up to heaven above a train in flames (he was killed in a railway accident in 1842). The monument also incorporates a portrait bust.
Type: Monument
Materials: Stone
Artists: Antoine Laurant Danton; Simon Claude Constant Dufeux

People

Jules Sebastien Cesar Dumont d'Urville,
Age: 51
Date of Death: 8/5/1842
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral
Organisation: French Navy

Extra

Notes: Antoinette Le Normand-Romain 'Sculpture From Antiquity to the Present Day'

Palm House, Sefton Park, Liverpool, England

Statue in Sefton Park, Liverpool of Captain James Cook RN d. 1779

Location

Palm House, Sefton Park, Liverpool, England

Transcript

[Front of cornice]'JAMES COOK BORN IN CLEVELAND YORKSHIRE FEBY. 1728 / KILLED BY SOUTH SEA ISLANDERS FEBY, 1779 / THE EXPLORER OF AUSTRALASIA' [front of dado] 'CONSTANTLY AT SEA FROM HIS / YOUTH HE PASSED THROUGH ALL THE / STATIONS BELONGING TO A SEAMAN / FROM AN APPRENTICE BOY IN THE / COAL TRADE TO A POST CAPTAIN IN / THE BRITISH NAVY'

Details

Description: Full-length in uniform and hat, holding a telescope in his left hand. A capstan on which rests a chart is placed behind the figure.
Type: Statue
Materials: Bronze
Date Erected: 1896
Artists: Leon-Joseph Chavalliaud (the younger), E. Gruet

People

Cook, James
Age: 51
Date of Death: 14/2/1779
Cause of Death: Killed by indigenous people
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: Terry Cavanagh 'Public Sculpture of Liverpool'(Liverpool, 1997 p. 201.