Memorial: M5780

Cross in St Thomas Rest Park, Sydney, Australia commemorating Commodore James Graham Goodenough RN d. 1875

Location

St Thomas Rest Park, Sydney, Australia, Rest of the World

Transcript

'HERE SLEEPS / JAMES GRAHAM GOODENOUGH / ROYAL NAVY C.B., C.M.G. / CAPTAIN AND COMMODORE 2ND CLASS / COMMANDING THE AUSTRALIAN STATION. / BORN 3RD DECEMBER 1830 / AT GUILDFORD, SURREY / DIED 20TH AUGUST 1875 / AT SEA / ON BOARD HER MAJESTY'S SHIP "PEARL" / FROM ARROW WOUNDS / RECEIVED ON 12TH AUGUST OF THE SAME YEAR / AT CARLISLE BAY IN THE ISLAND OF / SANTA CRUZ / WHICH HE WAS VISITING / FOR THE PURPOSE OF ESTABLISHING FRIENDLY RELATIONS / WITH THE NATIVES / WHO NOT KNOWING WHAT THEY DID, KILLED / THEIR TRUEST FRIEND . / HE SAILED AWAY TO DIE / REFUSING TO ALLOW A SINGLE LIFE O BE TAKEN IN RETALIATION. / IN HIS LAST DAYS / GOD WAS ABUNDANTLY GLORIFIED / HAVING REVEALED HIMSELF TO HIS SERVANT IN GREAT LOVE, / HIS DEATH WAS A TRIUMPHANT VICTORY / ON EITHER SIDE OF HIS / RESTS / A / SEAMAN / WHO DIED IN THE SAME MANNER. / ERECTED BY / HIS WIFE / AND / THE OFFICES AND CREW OF / H.M.S. "PEARL".'

Details

Description: Celtic cross.
Type: Cross
Materials: Stone
Artists: Patten Bros, Sydney
Vessel: HMS Pearl

People

Goodenough, James Graham
Age: 44
Date of Death: 20/8/1875
Cause of Death: Killed by indigenous people
Rank / Occupation: Commodore RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Small, Frederick
Age: 18
Date of Death: 21/8/1875
Cause of Death: Killed by indigenous people
Rank / Occupation: Seaman
Organisation: Royal Navy
Raynor, Edmund
Age: 18
Date of Death: 19/8/1875
Cause of Death: Killed by indigenous people
Rank / Occupation: Seaman
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Goodenough was one six men from the 'Pearl' struck by arrows on 12 August after landing on Santa Cruz in the New Hebrides. Goodenough ordered his men to fire over the heads of the local people and to burn down a couple of huts in retaliation. Three of the casualties died of tetanus, the other three recovered.
Bibliography: Jane Samson 'Hero, fool or martyr? The many deaths of Commodore Goodenough', 'Journal of Maritime Research' (February, 2008).

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