Category Archives: Slavery

St Mary Woolnoth, City of London, England

Wall tablet at St Mary Woolnoth, City of London, commemorating John Newton,  d. 1807

Location

St Mary Woolnoth, City of London, England

Transcript

‘JOHN NEWTON / CLERK / ONCE AND INFIDEL AND LIBERTINE / A SERVANT OF SLAVES IN AFRICA / WAS / BY THE RICH MERCY / OF OUR LORD AND SAVIOUR / JESUS CHRIST / PRESERVED, RESTORED, PARDONED / AND APPOINTED TO PREACH THE FAITH HE HAD LONG LABOURED TO DESTROY / HE MINISTERED / NEAR FIVE YEARS AS A CURATE AND VICAR / OF OLNEY IN BUCKS / AND XXVIII YEARS AS RECTOR / OF THESE UNITED PARISHES / ON FEBY THE FIRST MDCCL HE MARRIED / MARY / DAUGHTER OF THE LATE GEORGE CATLETT / OF CHATHAM KENT / WHOM HE RESIGNED TO THE LORD WHO GAVE HER / ON DECR THE XIV MDCCXL / THE ABOVE EPITAPH WAS WRITTEN BY THE DECEASED / WHO DIRECTED IT TO BE INSCRIBED ON A PLAIN MARBLE TABLET / HE DIED ON DECR THE 21ST 1807 / AGED 82 YEARS / AND HIS MORTAL REMAINS / ARE DEPOSITED IN THE VAULT / BENEATH THE CHURCH.’

Details

Type: Wall tablet
Position: North side of nave
Materials: Marble

People

Newton, John
Age: 82
Date of Death: 21/10/1807
Cause of Death: unknown
Rank / Occupation: master
Organisation: merchant service

Extra

Notes: Newton worked on and commanded merchant ships including those carrying slaves and for a brief period, was impressed into the Royal Navy. He became a convert to evangelical Christianity, and some while later, was ordained as a minister of the Church of England. In later life he was an active abolitionist. He is also remembered as a writer of hymns particularly 'Amazing Grace'. In 1893, the remains of Newton and his wife, were reinterred at Olney where there is a gravestone.
Recorder: Barbara Tomlinson
Photographer: Barbara Tomlinson

Church of St John the Baptist, Shipton Moyne, Gloucestershire, England

Wall monument in Church of St John the Baptist, Shipton Moyne, Gloucestershire commemorating Commander Walter Estcourt RN d. 1845

Location

Church of St John the Baptist, Shipton Moyne, Gloucestershire, England

Transcript

'TO THE MEMORY OF / WALTER GRIMSTON BUCKNALL ESTCOURT, ESQR / COMMANDER IN THE ROYAL NAVY / FOURTH SON OF THOMAS GRIMSTON BUCKNALL ESTCOURT ESQR / OF ESTCOURT IN THIS PARISH / AGED THIRTY EIGHT YEARS / TWENTY FIVE OF WHICH / HE PASSED IN THE ACTIVE SERVICE OF HIS COUNTRY / HE DIED ON THE 16TH SEPTEMBER 1845 / IN COMMAND OF H.M. STEAM SLOOP ECLAIR / WHILE ON HER PASSAGE HOME / FROM THE COAST OF AFRICA / AND WAS BURIED AT SEA / DEEPLY LAMENTED BY THE SURVIVORS OF HIS CREW / WHO HAD WITNESSED HIS DEVOTED / THOUGH UNAVAILING EFFORTS / TO RELIEVE THE SUFFERINGS OF THEIR COMRADES / OF WHOM SIXTY FIVE OFFICERS AND MEN / PERISHED WITH THEIR COMMANDER / VICTIMS OF THE AFRICAN FEVER "I HAD FAINTED UNLESS I HAD BELIEVED TO SEE THE GOODNESS OF THE LORD"'

Details

Description: Inscription on a carved sail suspended from a palm tree, a sword below.
Type: Wall monument
Materials: Marble
Vessel: HMS Eclair

People

Estcourt, Walter Grimston Bucknall
Age: 38
Date of Death: 16/9/1845
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation: Commander RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: Brian Kemp 'English Church Monuments' (London, 1980) p.191.

St Mary's Church, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England

Memorial in Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire commemorating Jacob Theophilus Mountain d. 1827

Location

St Mary's Church, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England

Transcript

'In memory / of / Jacob Theophilus Mountain Esquire / a midshipman / on board HM ship North Star / who was drowned / off the coast of Africa / in the active discharge of his duty / October 23rd 1827 / in the fifteenth year of his age. / His sorrowing parents / have placed this tablet. / Their consolation is: / He feared his God / and knew his Saviour.'

Details

Description: A rectangular tablet with a coat of arms and motto at the top.
Type: Wall tablet
Position: Nave near west door
Materials: marble
Vessel: HMS North Star

People

Mountain, Jacob Theophilus
Age: 15
Date of Death: 23/10/1827
Cause of Death: Maritime accident
Rank / Occupation: Midshipman
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: HMS 'North Star' 1826-28 engaged in suppressing the Atlantic Slave Trade.

Scropton, Derbyshire, England

Memorial dedicated to Admiral Sir Arthur Cuming d. 1893 in Scropton, Derbyshire.

Location

Scropton, Derbyshire, England

Details

Type: Window

People

Cumming, Arthur
Age:
Date of Death: 1893
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Admiral Sir Arthur Cuming 1817-1893.

In his early career, Admiral Cuming boarded and liberated slaves from a Portuguese ship.


Bibliography: David Saunders 'Maritime Memorials & Mementoes' (Yeovil, 1996), p. 108.

St Peter's Parish Church, Liverpool, England

Memorial at St Peter’s Parish Church, Liverpool commemorating Captain William Torbett d. 1758

Location

St Peter's Parish Church, Liverpool, England

Transcript

'Captain William Torbett, killed at Kingston, Jamaica 12 June 1758'

Details

People

Torbett, William
Age:
Date of Death: 12/6/1758
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: From a MS in Liverpool Record Office compiled by James Gibson d. 1886, vol. 1, p. 299. An officer of this name commanded the 'Molly' on a slaving voyage from Liverpool to West Africa in 1755.

St John's Church, Lancaster, Lancashire, England

Gravestone at St John’s Church, Lancaster commemorating John Nunns d. 1807

Location

St John's Church, Lancaster, Lancashire, England

Transcript

'In Memory of Captn JOHN NUNNS of Skerton who died at sea on the 4th October 1807 Aged 42 Years and was interred at the Island of Trinidad in the West Indies. Also of SARAH NUNNS his wife who died on the 28th July 1821 aged 55 years Also of DOROTHY RIPLEY their daughter who died the 9th October 1821 aged 29 years. Also of JANE WILSON their daughter who died on the 26th March 1822 aged 26 years also of JANE POSTLETHWAITE mother of the above SARAH NUNNS who died on the 1st June 1822 aged 92 years.'

Details

Description: Horizontal, plain.
Type: Gravestone
Position: Churchyard
Materials: Slate
Vessel: 'The Johns'

People

Nunns, John
Age: 42
Date of Death: 4/10/1807
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master; owner
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: 'The Johns' slaver owned by John Nunns, John Lowther, and John Cumpsty.
Bibliography: 'Inscriptions on Gravestones in the churchyard of St John with St Anne, Lancaster' (Lancashire Family History and Heraldry Society) Melinda Elder 'The Slave Trade and the Economic Development of Eighteenth Century Lancaster' (Halifax, 1992) p.207

St George's Church, Portland, Dorset, England

Plaque in St George’s Church, Portland, dedicated to Benjamin Stone d. 1887

Location

St George's Church, Portland, Dorset, England

Transcript

'IN MEMORY OF / BENJAMIN E. STONE A.B. / H.M.S. TURQUOISE / WHO DIED ON THE 10TH JUNE 1887 / OF WOUNDS RECEIVED IN ACTION / AGED 19 YEARS / ERECTED BY HIS OFFICERS.'

Details

Type: Plaque
Position: Nave
Materials: Brass
Vessel: HMS Turquoise

People

Stone, Benjamin
Age: 19
Date of Death: 10/6/1887
Cause of Death: War casualty
Rank / Occupation: Able Seaman
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Killed in action with a slave dhow off the coast of East Africa.

St James's Church, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, England

Memorial in St James’s Church, Toxteth Park commemorating James Rawlinson d. 1776

Location

St James's Church, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, England

Transcript

'James Rawlinson formerly a commander in the African Trade, died 9th July 1776, age 76'

Details

People

Rawlinson, James
Age: 76
Date of Death: 19/7/1776
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: From a MS in Liverpool Record Office compiled by James Gibson d. 1886, vol.3, p. 337. Rawlinson took part in slaving voyages in 'Ellis & Robert' 1747, 'Liverpool' 1749 and 'Prince of Orange' 1743.

St James's Church, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, England

Memorial at St James’s Church, Toxteth Park commemorating Captain Thomas Phillips d. 1808

Location

St James's Church, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, England

Transcript

'Captain Thomas Phillips, died 24th December 1808 age 57'

Details

People

Phillips, Thomas
Age: 57
Date of Death: 24/12/1808
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: From a MS in Liverpool Record Office. Compiled by James Gibson d. 1886, vol. 3. p. 297. An officer of this name took part in slaving voyages in 'Perseverance' 1794, 'Maria' 1798, 'Laurel' 1804, 'Huntingdon' 1799, 'Dasher' 1800, 'Laurel' 1804, 'Ranger' 1803.

St Mary's Church, Wareham, Dorset, England

Monument in St Mary’s Church, Wareham, Dorset, commemorating Lieutenant Robert Card RN d. 1826

Location

St Mary's Church, Wareham, Dorset, England

Transcript

'SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF / ROBERT CARD / LATE IN HIS MAJESTY'S NAVY, AND OF THIS TOWN / ZEALOUS AND BRAVE IN DISCHARGING HIS DUTY / TO HIS KING AND COUNTRY / AFTER CONSTANT EMPLOYMENT DURING THE WAR / FROM HIS EARLIEST YEARS / HE WAS APPOINTED FIRST LIEUTENANT OF THE REDWING / STATIONED TO PROMOTE / THE ABOLITION OF THE SLAVE TRADE / AND DIED OF A MALIGNANT FEVER / OFF WHYDAH ON THE COAST OF GUINEA / THE 16TH MARCH 1826 AGED 32 YEARS. / HIS AMIABLE QUALITIES ENDEARED HIS TO ALL HIS / ASSOCIATES, WHO WITH HIS BELOVED RELATIONS / WILL LONG MOURN THEIR LOSS'

Details

Description: Carved with a draped urn.
Type: Monument
Position: North wall
Materials: Marble
Vessel: HMS Redwing

People

Card, Robert
Age: 32
Date of Death: 16/3/1826
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: J.D. Spinney 'Some Naval Memorials in Dorset', 'Mariner's Mirror' vol. 73, p. 194 (Greenwich,1987).