Category Archives: Slavery

St Mary Woolnoth, City of London, England

Wall tablet at St Mary Woolnoth, City of London, commemorating John Newton,  d. 1807

Location

St Mary Woolnoth, City of London, England

Transcript

‘JOHN NEWTON / CLERK / ONCE AND INFIDEL AND LIBERTINE / A SERVANT OF SLAVES IN AFRICA / WAS / BY THE RICH MERCY / OF OUR LORD AND SAVIOUR / JESUS CHRIST / PRESERVED, RESTORED, PARDONED / AND APPOINTED TO PREACH THE FAITH HE HAD LONG LABOURED TO DESTROY / HE MINISTERED / NEAR FIVE YEARS AS A CURATE AND VICAR / OF OLNEY IN BUCKS / AND XXVIII YEARS AS RECTOR / OF THESE UNITED PARISHES / ON FEBY THE FIRST MDCCL HE MARRIED / MARY / DAUGHTER OF THE LATE GEORGE CATLETT / OF CHATHAM KENT / WHOM HE RESIGNED TO THE LORD WHO GAVE HER / ON DECR THE XIV MDCCXL / THE ABOVE EPITAPH WAS WRITTEN BY THE DECEASED / WHO DIRECTED IT TO BE INSCRIBED ON A PLAIN MARBLE TABLET / HE DIED ON DECR THE 21ST 1807 / AGED 82 YEARS / AND HIS MORTAL REMAINS / ARE DEPOSITED IN THE VAULT / BENEATH THE CHURCH.’

Details

Type: Wall tablet
Position: North side of nave
Materials: Marble

People

Newton, John
Age: 82
Date of Death: 21/10/1807
Cause of Death: unknown
Rank / Occupation: master
Organisation: merchant service

Extra

Notes: Newton worked on and commanded merchant ships including those carrying slaves and for a brief period, was impressed into the Royal Navy. He became a convert to evangelical Christianity, and some while later, was ordained as a minister of the Church of England. In later life he was an active abolitionist. He is also remembered as a writer of hymns particularly 'Amazing Grace'. In 1893, the remains of Newton and his wife, were reinterred at Olney where there is a gravestone.
Recorder: Barbara Tomlinson
Photographer: Barbara Tomlinson

Church of St John the Baptist, Shipton Moyne, Gloucestershire, England

Wall monument in Church of St John the Baptist, Shipton Moyne, Gloucestershire commemorating Commander Walter Estcourt RN d. 1845

Location

Church of St John the Baptist, Shipton Moyne, Gloucestershire, England

Transcript

'TO THE MEMORY OF / WALTER GRIMSTON BUCKNALL ESTCOURT, ESQR / COMMANDER IN THE ROYAL NAVY / FOURTH SON OF THOMAS GRIMSTON BUCKNALL ESTCOURT ESQR / OF ESTCOURT IN THIS PARISH / AGED THIRTY EIGHT YEARS / TWENTY FIVE OF WHICH / HE PASSED IN THE ACTIVE SERVICE OF HIS COUNTRY / HE DIED ON THE 16TH SEPTEMBER 1845 / IN COMMAND OF H.M. STEAM SLOOP ECLAIR / WHILE ON HER PASSAGE HOME / FROM THE COAST OF AFRICA / AND WAS BURIED AT SEA / DEEPLY LAMENTED BY THE SURVIVORS OF HIS CREW / WHO HAD WITNESSED HIS DEVOTED / THOUGH UNAVAILING EFFORTS / TO RELIEVE THE SUFFERINGS OF THEIR COMRADES / OF WHOM SIXTY FIVE OFFICERS AND MEN / PERISHED WITH THEIR COMMANDER / VICTIMS OF THE AFRICAN FEVER "I HAD FAINTED UNLESS I HAD BELIEVED TO SEE THE GOODNESS OF THE LORD"'

Details

Description: Inscription on a carved sail suspended from a palm tree, a sword below.
Type: Wall monument
Materials: Marble
Vessel: HMS Eclair

People

Estcourt, Walter Grimston Bucknall
Age: 38
Date of Death: 16/9/1845
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation: Commander RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: Brian Kemp 'English Church Monuments' (London, 1980) p.191.

St Mary's Church, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England

Memorial in Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire commemorating Jacob Theophilus Mountain d. 1827

Location

St Mary's Church, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England

Transcript

'In memory / of / Jacob Theophilus Mountain Esquire / a midshipman / on board HM ship North Star / who was drowned / off the coast of Africa / in the active discharge of his duty / October 23rd 1827 / in the fifteenth year of his age. / His sorrowing parents / have placed this tablet. / Their consolation is: / He feared his God / and knew his Saviour.'

Details

Description: A rectangular tablet with a coat of arms and motto at the top.
Type: Wall tablet
Position: Nave near west door
Materials: marble
Vessel: HMS North Star

People

Mountain, Jacob Theophilus
Age: 15
Date of Death: 23/10/1827
Cause of Death: Maritime accident
Rank / Occupation: Midshipman
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: HMS 'North Star' 1826-28 engaged in suppressing the Atlantic Slave Trade.

Scropton, Derbyshire, England

Memorial dedicated to Admiral Sir Arthur Cuming d. 1893 in Scropton, Derbyshire.

Location

Scropton, Derbyshire, England

Details

Type: Window

People

Cumming, Arthur
Age:
Date of Death: 1893
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Admiral Sir Arthur Cuming 1817-1893.

In his early career, Admiral Cuming boarded and liberated slaves from a Portuguese ship.


Bibliography: David Saunders 'Maritime Memorials & Mementoes' (Yeovil, 1996), p. 108.

St George's Church, Portland, Dorset, England

Plaque in St George’s Church, Portland, dedicated to Benjamin Stone d. 1887

Location

St George's Church, Portland, Dorset, England

Transcript

'IN MEMORY OF / BENJAMIN E. STONE A.B. / H.M.S. TURQUOISE / WHO DIED ON THE 10TH JUNE 1887 / OF WOUNDS RECEIVED IN ACTION / AGED 19 YEARS / ERECTED BY HIS OFFICERS.'

Details

Type: Plaque
Position: Nave
Materials: Brass
Vessel: HMS Turquoise

People

Stone, Benjamin
Age: 19
Date of Death: 10/6/1887
Cause of Death: War casualty
Rank / Occupation: Able Seaman
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Killed in action with a slave dhow off the coast of East Africa.

St Mary's Church, Wareham, Dorset, England

Monument in St Mary’s Church, Wareham, Dorset, commemorating Lieutenant Robert Card RN d. 1826

Location

St Mary's Church, Wareham, Dorset, England

Transcript

'SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF / ROBERT CARD / LATE IN HIS MAJESTY'S NAVY, AND OF THIS TOWN / ZEALOUS AND BRAVE IN DISCHARGING HIS DUTY / TO HIS KING AND COUNTRY / AFTER CONSTANT EMPLOYMENT DURING THE WAR / FROM HIS EARLIEST YEARS / HE WAS APPOINTED FIRST LIEUTENANT OF THE REDWING / STATIONED TO PROMOTE / THE ABOLITION OF THE SLAVE TRADE / AND DIED OF A MALIGNANT FEVER / OFF WHYDAH ON THE COAST OF GUINEA / THE 16TH MARCH 1826 AGED 32 YEARS. / HIS AMIABLE QUALITIES ENDEARED HIS TO ALL HIS / ASSOCIATES, WHO WITH HIS BELOVED RELATIONS / WILL LONG MOURN THEIR LOSS'

Details

Description: Carved with a draped urn.
Type: Monument
Position: North wall
Materials: Marble
Vessel: HMS Redwing

People

Card, Robert
Age: 32
Date of Death: 16/3/1826
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: J.D. Spinney 'Some Naval Memorials in Dorset', 'Mariner's Mirror' vol. 73, p. 194 (Greenwich,1987).

Cemetery, Grave Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania

Gravestone in Zanzibar, Tanzania dedicated to John May d. 1892

Location

Cemetery, Grave Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania

Transcript

'John T. May E.R.A. / H.M.S. Philomel / died / 6th May 1892'

Details

Type: Gravestone
Vessel: HMS Philomel

People

May, John T.
Age:
Date of Death: 6/5/1892
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Engine Room Artificer
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Died whilst HMS 'Philomel' conducting anti-slavery patrols.

Haslar Cemetery, Gosport, Hampshire, England

Memorial in Haslar Cemetery, Gosport, Hampshire, commemorating those men of HMS ‘Archer’ who died of fever during her commission on the West Coast of Africa 1864-6

Location

Haslar Cemetery, Gosport, Hampshire, England

Details

Description: Carved with an anchor round which is entwined a cross made of rope twist, on a plinth.
Type: Memorial
Position: Opposite entrance
Materials: Portland stone
Vessel: HMS Archer

Extra

Notes: Commemorates those who died of fever during the commission on the West Coast of Africa 1864/66 in prevention of slave traffic.

St James Church, Christow, Devon, England

Monument in Christow, Devon, dedicated to Admiral Sir Edward Pellew d. 1833

M5834Large.jpg

Location

St James Church, Christow, Devon, England

Transcript

'IN A VAULT BENEATH REPOSE THE REMAINS OF / THE RIGHT HONBLE EDWARD PELLEW, VISCOUNT AND BARON EXMOUTH/ OF CANONTEIGN, A BARONET AND LL.D., VICE-ADMIRAL OF THE UNITED KINGDOM / AND ADMIRAL OF THE RED SQUADRON OF HIS MAJESTY'S FLEET / KNIGHT GRAND CROSS OF THE MOST HONBLE MILITARY ORDER OF THE BATH / ALSO OF THE ROYAL AND DISTINGUISHED ORDER OF CHARLES THE THIRD OF SPAIN / OF THE MILITARY ORDER OF ST MAURICE AND ST LAZARE OF SARDINIA AND / HIGH STEWARD OF GREAT YARMOUTH, AND ONE OF / THE ELDER BRETHEREN OF THE HONBLE CORPORATION OF TRINITY HOUSE./ HIS EMINENT PUBLIC SERVICES ARE RECORDED IN THE ANNALS / AND LIVE IN THE MEMORY OF A GRATEFUL COUNTRY. / THIS PRIVATE AND MORE HUMBLE MONUMENT RECORDS HIS CHRISTIAN VIRTUES; / HIS ACTIVE BENEVOLENCE WHICH OFTEN RISKED HIS LIFE TO / RESCUE FELLOW CREATURES FROM THE DEEP, AND TO BREAK THE CHAINS OF / CHRISTIAN BRETHREN MOURNING IN HELPLESS CAPTIVITY, IN A HEATHEN LAND. / ALL HUMAN GLORY CEASES IN THE GRAVE, BUT FAR DEARER IS THE MEMORY OF / THAT DEVOUT FAITH, WHICH LED HIM IN DEEP HUMILITY TO THE CROSS OF CHRIST, / AND THE STAR THAT GUIDED HIM TO HIS DESIRED HAVEN, / AND THE ANCHOR OF HIS HOPE WHEN ON THE DEATH-BED OF THE JUST, / HE YIELDED UP HIS SOUL TO HIS REDEEMER. / HE DEPARTED IN PEACE ON THE 23RD OF JANUARY / IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD 1833, AND IN THE 76TH YEAR OF HIS AGE. / THIS MONUMENT IS ERECTED BY HIS GRATEFUL AND AFFECTIONATE FAMILY / TO THE MEMORY OF THE BEST OF HUSBANDS AND PARENTS.' [Slab below] 'I / While o'er the reeling wreck the savage storm / Poured all its lightnings, thunders, blasts and hail, / And ever horror in its wildest form / Smote the firm heart, that never knew to fail; / II / Twas thine, Pellew, sublimely great and good; / For man, thy brother man, distress'd, to dare / The dreadful passage of the raging flood, / And join the frantic children of despair. / III / There, it was thine, in comfort's balmy tone, / To sooth their sorrows 'mid the tempests roar, / To hush the mother's shriek, the sick man's groan / And bear the sufferers, trembling to the shore. / IV / So, when this mighty orb, in dread alarm, / Shall crash in ruins, at its God's decree; / May thy Redeemer, with triumphant arm, /From the vast wreck of all things, rescue thee'

Details

Description: Sarcophagus-shaped inscription tablet on feet, flanked by pillars, a draped urn above. At the top a trophy of arms and Pellew crest within garter belt inscribed 'Tria juncta in uno' surmounted by a viscount's coronet, 'Algiers' below.

Monument dedicated to Admiral Sir Edward Pellew
Type: Monument
Position: North wall of chancel
Materials: Marble
Artists: Gaffin
Vessel: HMS Queen Charlotte,

Event

Bombardment of Algiers,

Event Date

1816

Event Category

19th century conflicts in Africa

People

Pellew, Edward
Age: 76
Date of Death: 23/1/1833
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral of the Red
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: The bombardment of Algiers was an Anglo-Dutch operation commanded by Admiral Pellew. It was a decisive victory and resulted in the liberation of over 3000 slaves.
Bibliography: Dwelly's Parish Records Vol VI, Devon MI pp. 173-175.

Christopher D. Hall, ‘Pellew, Edward, first Viscount Exmouth (1757–1833)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2009 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21808, accessed 7 June 2017]
Photographer: B. Tomlinson

Fen Court, City of London, London, England

Memorial commemorating the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade in 1807 at Fen Court, City of London

M6453Large.jpg

Location

Fen Court, City of London, London, England

Details

Description: A series of granite columns resembling stalks of sugar cane surrounding a podium. The memorial is engraved with extracts of Lemn Sissay's poem 'Gilt of Cain'.
Type: Memorial
Materials: Granite
Artists: Michael Visocchi, Lemn Sissay

Extra

Notes: Project initiated by Black British Heritage and the Parish of St Mary Woolnoth and was commissioned by the City of London Corporation in partnership with the British Land Company