Category Archives: Slavery

St Mary Woolnoth, City of London, England

Memorial at St Mary Woolnoth, to John Newton d. 1807

Location

St Mary Woolnoth, City of London, England

Transcript

‘JOHN NEWTON / CLERK / ONCE AND INFIDEL AND LIBERTINE / A SERVANT OF SLAVES IN AFRICA / WAS / BY THE RICH MERCY / OF OUR LORD AND SAVIOUR / JESUS CHRIST / PRESERVED, RESTORED, PARDONED / AND APPOINTED TO PREACH THE FAITH HE HAD LONG LABOURED TO DESTROY / HE MINISTERED / NEAR FIVE YEARS AS A CURATE AND VICAR / OF OLNEY IN BUCKS / AND XXVIII YEARS AS RECTOR / OF THESE UNITED PARISHES / ON FEBY THE FIRST MDCCL HE MARRIED / MARY / DAUGHTER OF THE LATE GEORGE CATLETT / OF CHATHAM KENT / WHOM HE RESIGNED TO THE LORD WHO GAVE HER / ON DECR THE XIV MDCCXL / THE ABOVE EPITAPH WAS WRITTEN BY THE DECEASED / WHO DIRECTED IT TO BE INSCRIBED ON A PLAIN MARBLE TABLET / HE DIED ON DECR THE 21ST 1807 / AGED 82 YEARS / AND HIS MORTAL REMAINS / ARE DEPOSITED IN THE VAULT / BENEATH THE CHURCH.’

Details

Type: Wall tablet
Position: North side of nave
Materials: Marble

People

Newton, John
Age: 82
Date of Death: 21/10/1807
Cause of Death: unknown
Rank / Occupation: master
Organisation: merchant service

Extra

Notes: Newton worked on and commanded merchant ships including those carrying slaves and for a brief period, was impressed into the Royal Navy. He became a convert to evangelical Christianity, and some while later, was ordained as a minister of the Church of England. In later life he was an active abolitionist. He is also remembered as a writer of hymns particularly 'Amazing Grace'. In 1893, the remains of Newton and his wife, were reinterred at Olney where there is a gravestone.

Church of St John the Baptist, Shipton Moyne, Gloucestershire, England

Wall monument in Church of St John the Baptist, Shipton Moyne, Gloucestershire dedicated to Commander Walter Estcourt RN d. 1845

Location

Church of St John the Baptist, Shipton Moyne, Gloucestershire, England

Transcript

'TO THE MEMORY OF / WALTER GRIMSTON BUCKNALL ESTCOURT, ESQR / COMMANDER IN THE ROYAL NAVY / FOURTH SON OF THOMAS GRIMSTON BUCKNALL ESTCOURT ESQR / OF ESTCOURT IN THIS PARISH / AGED THIRTY EIGHT YEARS / TWENTY FIVE OF WHICH / HE PASSED IN THE ACTIVE SERVICE OF HIS COUNTRY / HE DIED ON THE 16TH SEPTEMBER 1845 / IN COMMAND OF H.M. STEAM SLOOP ECLAIR / WHILE ON HER PASSAGE HOME / FROM THE COAST OF AFRICA / AND WAS BURIED AT SEA / DEEPLY LAMENTED BY THE SURVIVORS OF HIS CREW / WHO HAD WITNESSED HIS DEVOTED / THOUGH UNAVAILING EFFORTS / TO RELIEVE THE SUFFERINGS OF THEIR COMRADES / OF WHOM SIXTY FIVE OFFICERS AND MEN / PERISHED WITH THEIR COMMANDER / VICTIMS OF THE AFRICAN FEVER "I HAD FAINTED UNLESS I HAD BELIEVED TO SEE THE GOODNESS OF THE LORD"'

Details

Description: Inscription on a carved sail suspended from a palm tree, a sword below.
Type: Wall monument
Materials: Marble
Vessel: HMS Eclair

People

Estcourt, Walter Grimston Bucknall
Age: 38
Date of Death: 16/9/1845
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation: Commander RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: Brian Kemp 'English Church Monuments' (London, 1980) p.191.

St Mary's Church, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England

Memorial in Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire commemorating Jacob Theophilus Mountain d. 1827

Location

St Mary's Church, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England

Transcript

'In memory / of / Jacob Theophilus Mountain Esquire / a midshipman / on board HM ship North Star / who was drowned / off the coast of Africa / in the active discharge of his duty / October 23rd 1827 / in the fifteenth year of his age. / His sorrowing parents / have placed this tablet. / Their consolation is: / He feared his God / and knew his Saviour.'

Details

Description: A rectangular tablet with a coat of arms and motto at the top.
Type: Wall tablet
Position: Nave near west door
Materials: marble
Vessel: HMS North Star

People

Mountain, Jacob Theophilus
Age: 15
Date of Death: 23/10/1827
Cause of Death: Maritime accident
Rank / Occupation: Midshipman
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: HMS 'North Star' 1826-28 engaged in suppressing the Atlantic Slave Trade.

Scropton, Derbyshire, England

Memorial dedicated to Admiral Sir Arthur Cuming d. 1893 in Scropton, Derbyshire.

Location

Scropton, Derbyshire, England

Details

Type: Window

People

Cumming, Arthur
Age:
Date of Death: 1893
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Admiral Sir Arthur Cuming 1817-1893.

In his early career, Admiral Cuming boarded and liberated slaves from a Portuguese ship.


Bibliography: David Saunders 'Maritime Memorials & Mementoes' (Yeovil, 1996), p. 108.

St George's Church, Portland, Dorset, England

Plaque in St George’s Church, Portland, dedicated to Benjamin Stone d. 1887

Location

St George's Church, Portland, Dorset, England

Transcript

'IN MEMORY OF / BENJAMIN E. STONE A.B. / H.M.S. TURQUOISE / WHO DIED ON THE 10TH JUNE 1887 / OF WOUNDS RECEIVED IN ACTION / AGED 19 YEARS / ERECTED BY HIS OFFICERS.'

Details

Type: Plaque
Position: Nave
Materials: Brass
Vessel: HMS Turquoise

People

Stone, Benjamin
Age: 19
Date of Death: 10/6/1887
Cause of Death: War casualty
Rank / Occupation: Able Seaman
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Killed in action with a slave dhow off the coast of East Africa.

St Mary's Church, Wareham, Dorset, England

Monument in St Mary’s Church, Wareham, Dorset, commemorating Lieutenant Robert Card RN d. 1826

Location

St Mary's Church, Wareham, Dorset, England

Transcript

'SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF / ROBERT CARD / LATE IN HIS MAJESTY'S NAVY, AND OF THIS TOWN / ZEALOUS AND BRAVE IN DISCHARGING HIS DUTY / TO HIS KING AND COUNTRY / AFTER CONSTANT EMPLOYMENT DURING THE WAR / FROM HIS EARLIEST YEARS / HE WAS APPOINTED FIRST LIEUTENANT OF THE REDWING / STATIONED TO PROMOTE / THE ABOLITION OF THE SLAVE TRADE / AND DIED OF A MALIGNANT FEVER / OFF WHYDAH ON THE COAST OF GUINEA / THE 16TH MARCH 1826 AGED 32 YEARS. / HIS AMIABLE QUALITIES ENDEARED HIS TO ALL HIS / ASSOCIATES, WHO WITH HIS BELOVED RELATIONS / WILL LONG MOURN THEIR LOSS'

Details

Description: Carved with a draped urn.
Type: Monument
Position: North wall
Materials: Marble
Vessel: HMS Redwing

People

Card, Robert
Age: 32
Date of Death: 16/3/1826
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: J.D. Spinney 'Some Naval Memorials in Dorset', 'Mariner's Mirror' vol. 73, p. 194 (Greenwich,1987).

Cemetery, Grave Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania

Gravestone in Zanzibar, Tanzania dedicated to John May d. 1892

Location

Cemetery, Grave Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania

Transcript

'John T. May E.R.A. / H.M.S. Philomel / died / 6th May 1892'

Details

Type: Gravestone
Vessel: HMS Philomel

People

May, John T.
Age:
Date of Death: 6/5/1892
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Engine Room Artificer
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Died whilst HMS 'Philomel' conducting anti-slavery patrols.

St James Church, Christow, Devon, England

Monument in Christow, Devon, dedicated to Admiral Sir Edward Pellew d. 1833

M5834Large.jpg

Location

St James Church, Christow, Devon, England

Transcript

'IN A VAULT BENEATH REPOSE THE REMAINS OF / THE RIGHT HONBLE EDWARD PELLEW, VISCOUNT AND BARON EXMOUTH/ OF CANONTEIGN, A BARONET AND LL.D., VICE-ADMIRAL OF THE UNITED KINGDOM / AND ADMIRAL OF THE RED SQUADRON OF HIS MAJESTY'S FLEET / KNIGHT GRAND CROSS OF THE MOST HONBLE MILITARY ORDER OF THE BATH / ALSO OF THE ROYAL AND DISTINGUISHED ORDER OF CHARLES THE THIRD OF SPAIN / OF THE MILITARY ORDER OF ST MAURICE AND ST LAZARE OF SARDINIA AND / HIGH STEWARD OF GREAT YARMOUTH, AND ONE OF / THE ELDER BRETHEREN OF THE HONBLE CORPORATION OF TRINITY HOUSE./ HIS EMINENT PUBLIC SERVICES ARE RECORDED IN THE ANNALS / AND LIVE IN THE MEMORY OF A GRATEFUL COUNTRY. / THIS PRIVATE AND MORE HUMBLE MONUMENT RECORDS HIS CHRISTIAN VIRTUES; / HIS ACTIVE BENEVOLENCE WHICH OFTEN RISKED HIS LIFE TO / RESCUE FELLOW CREATURES FROM THE DEEP, AND TO BREAK THE CHAINS OF / CHRISTIAN BRETHREN MOURNING IN HELPLESS CAPTIVITY, IN A HEATHEN LAND. / ALL HUMAN GLORY CEASES IN THE GRAVE, BUT FAR DEARER IS THE MEMORY OF / THAT DEVOUT FAITH, WHICH LED HIM IN DEEP HUMILITY TO THE CROSS OF CHRIST, / AND THE STAR THAT GUIDED HIM TO HIS DESIRED HAVEN, / AND THE ANCHOR OF HIS HOPE WHEN ON THE DEATH-BED OF THE JUST, / HE YIELDED UP HIS SOUL TO HIS REDEEMER. / HE DEPARTED IN PEACE ON THE 23RD OF JANUARY / IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD 1833, AND IN THE 76TH YEAR OF HIS AGE. / THIS MONUMENT IS ERECTED BY HIS GRATEFUL AND AFFECTIONATE FAMILY / TO THE MEMORY OF THE BEST OF HUSBANDS AND PARENTS.' [Slab below] 'I / While o'er the reeling wreck the savage storm / Poured all its lightnings, thunders, blasts and hail, / And ever horror in its wildest form / Smote the firm heart, that never knew to fail; / II / Twas thine, Pellew, sublimely great and good; / For man, thy brother man, distress'd, to dare / The dreadful passage of the raging flood, / And join the frantic children of despair. / III / There, it was thine, in comfort's balmy tone, / To sooth their sorrows 'mid the tempests roar, / To hush the mother's shriek, the sick man's groan / And bear the sufferers, trembling to the shore. / IV / So, when this mighty orb, in dread alarm, / Shall crash in ruins, at its God's decree; / May thy Redeemer, with triumphant arm, /From the vast wreck of all things, rescue thee'

Details

Description: Sarcophagus-shaped inscription tablet on feet, flanked by pillars, a draped urn above. At the top a trophy of arms and Pellew crest within garter belt inscribed 'Tria juncta in uno' surmounted by a viscount's coronet, 'Algiers' below.

Monument dedicated to Admiral Sir Edward Pellew
Type: Monument
Position: North wall of chancel
Materials: Marble
Artists: Gaffin
Vessel: HMS Queen Charlotte,

Event

Bombardment of Algiers,

Event Date

1816

Event Category

19th century conflicts in Africa

People

Pellew, Edward
Age: 76
Date of Death: 23/1/1833
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral of the Red
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: The bombardment of Algiers was an Anglo-Dutch operation commanded by Admiral Pellew. It was a decisive victory and resulted in the liberation of over 3000 slaves.
Bibliography: Dwelly's Parish Records Vol VI, Devon MI pp. 173-175.

Christopher D. Hall, ‘Pellew, Edward, first Viscount Exmouth (1757–1833)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2009 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21808, accessed 7 June 2017]

St Mary's Church, Wolborough, Devon, England

Plaque in Wolborough, Devon dedicated to Admiral William Cornish-Bowden d. 1896

Location

St Mary's Church, Wolborough, Devon, England

Transcript

'In Loving memory of / William Cornish-Bowden / Admiral. / Kt. Legion of Honour. / Who served his Queen and Country / from 1840 to 1865. / He took part in the Syrian Campaign / and the taking of St Jean D'Acre in 1840. / Was in Chinese war and taking of Canton, 1842-3 in H.M.S. Cornwallis / and distinguished himself at the / Bombardment of Sevastopol in / H.M.S. Arethusa in 1854, also greatly / assisted suppression of the Slave Trade on the West Coast of / Africa and at Zanzibar. /Born 16th April 1826. / Fell asleep 18th April 1896.'

Details

Description: Inscription in an elaborate border with the Naval Crown engraved in the top left hand corner and a foul anchor top right.


Type: Plaque
Position: North wall
Materials: Brass
Vessel: HMS Cornwallis; HMS Arethusa

Event Category

19th century conflicts in Asia

People

Cornish-Bowden, William
Age:
Date of Death: 18/4/1896
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

St Maughold's Church, Kirk Maughold, Isle of Man, Isle of Man

Tomb of Hugh Crow d.1829, Kirk Maughold, Isle of Man

M5361Large.jpg

Location

St Maughold's Church, Kirk Maughold, Isle of Man, Isle of Man

Transcript

[Top]'Sacred/to the memory of/CAPTAIN HUGH CROW/late of Liverpool/propriator of/East Ballersa now Crow Villa/in this parish/born in the town of Ramsey in the year 1765/died 13th May 1829/aged 61 years/also of WILLIAM HINDS/of Crow Villa nephew of the late Captain Crow/died the 8th July 1848 aged 50 years/Captain CROW commanded the ships WILL, CERES, MARY and KITTY'S AMELIA/with much credit to himself and to the entire satisfaction of his.../he also fought several actions with the enemy/for which he received repeated marks of/approbation of the merchants and underwriters/of London and Liverpool/"An honest man's the noblest work of God'/ [South side] 'Sacred/to the memory of/EDMUND CROW late/of the town of Ramsey/who was born 12 Novr/1730 and departed this/life 25 Feby 1809 aged/79 years/also in memory of/JUDITH CROW alias/TEARE his wife who was/born 4th August 1737/and died 30th Decr 1807/aged 70 years/deposited in this/also are the remains/of CORNELIUS HINDS/late of the town of Ramsey/died the 5th Sept 1802/aged 84 years/MARGARET his wife/died the 27th Sept 1804/aged... years' [North Side] 'Being the father and/mother of Captain HUGH CROW and CAPT WILLIAM CROW/the latter of whom died/at Bonney on the coast/of Africa in the year/1799/also father and mother of MR JOHN CROW/Master carpenter/who was drowned at Kingston Jamaica/in the year 1802/also of JOHN CROW/Snr who lies interred in this/church yard'

Details

Description: Tomb carved in the Adam style with pillasters at the ends and fan decoration in the corners of the panels.
Type: Tomb
Position: Churchyard
Materials: Slate

People

Crow, Hugh
Age: 61
Date of Death: 13/5/1829
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master
Organisation:
Crow, William
Age:
Date of Death: 1799
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master
Organisation:
Crow, John
Age:
Date of Death: 1802
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Carpenter
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: Inscriptions recorded by the Isle of Man Family History Society. Crow left £50 in his will for burial expenses and the erection of a tomb. William Crow, mariner of Liverpool, Hugh's brother drowned 3 February 1800 at Bonny in present day Nigeria (will).
Bibliography: R. Watkin 'Captain Hugh Crow: a Liverpool Guineaman', 'Mariners Mirror' vol 63 (1977) pp. 177-85; Hugh Crow 'Memoir of the late Captain Hugh Crow of Liverpool' (London, 1830).