Category Archives: Slavery

St Mary Woolnoth, City of London, England

Memorial at St Mary Woolnoth, to John Newton d. 1807

Location

St Mary Woolnoth, City of London, England

Transcript

‘JOHN NEWTON / CLERK / ONCE AND INFIDEL AND LIBERTINE / A SERVANT OF SLAVES IN AFRICA / WAS / BY THE RICH MERCY / OF OUR LORD AND SAVIOUR / JESUS CHRIST / PRESERVED, RESTORED, PARDONED / AND APPOINTED TO PREACH THE FAITH HE HAD LONG LABOURED TO DESTROY / HE MINISTERED / NEAR FIVE YEARS AS A CURATE AND VICAR / OF OLNEY IN BUCKS / AND XXVIII YEARS AS RECTOR / OF THESE UNITED PARISHES / ON FEBY THE FIRST MDCCL HE MARRIED / MARY / DAUGHTER OF THE LATE GEORGE CATLETT / OF CHATHAM KENT / WHOM HE RESIGNED TO THE LORD WHO GAVE HER / ON DECR THE XIV MDCCXL / THE ABOVE EPITAPH WAS WRITTEN BY THE DECEASED / WHO DIRECTED IT TO BE INSCRIBED ON A PLAIN MARBLE TABLET / HE DIED ON DECR THE 21ST 1807 / AGED 82 YEARS / AND HIS MORTAL REMAINS / ARE DEPOSITED IN THE VAULT / BENEATH THE CHURCH.’

Details

Type: Wall tablet
Position: North side of nave
Materials: Marble

People

Newton, John
Age: 82
Date of Death: 21/10/1807
Cause of Death: unknown
Rank / Occupation: master
Organisation: merchant service

Extra

Notes: Newton worked on and commanded merchant ships including those carrying slaves and for a brief period, was impressed into the Royal Navy. He became a convert to evangelical Christianity, and some while later, was ordained as a minister of the Church of England. In later life he was an active abolitionist. He is also remembered as a writer of hymns particularly 'Amazing Grace'. In 1893, the remains of Newton and his wife, were reinterred at Olney where there is a gravestone.

Scropton, Derbyshire, England

Memorial dedicated to Admiral Sir Arthur Cuming d. 1893 in Scropton, Derbyshire.

Location

Scropton, Derbyshire, England

Details

Type: Window

People

Cumming, Arthur
Age:
Date of Death: 1893
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Admiral Sir Arthur Cuming 1817-1893.

In his early career, Admiral Cuming boarded and liberated slaves from a Portuguese ship.


Bibliography: David Saunders 'Maritime Memorials & Mementoes' (Yeovil, 1996), p. 108.

Cemetery, Grave Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania

Gravestone in Zanzibar, Tanzania dedicated to John May d. 1892

Location

Cemetery, Grave Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania

Transcript

'John T. May E.R.A. / H.M.S. Philomel / died / 6th May 1892'

Details

Type: Gravestone
Vessel: HMS Philomel

People

May, John T.
Age:
Date of Death: 6/5/1892
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Engine Room Artificer
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Died whilst HMS 'Philomel' conducting anti-slavery patrols.

St James Church, Christow, Devon, England

Monument in Christow, Devon, dedicated to Admiral Sir Edward Pellew d. 1833

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Location

St James Church, Christow, Devon, England

Transcript

'IN A VAULT BENEATH REPOSE THE REMAINS OF / THE RIGHT HONBLE EDWARD PELLEW, VISCOUNT AND BARON EXMOUTH/ OF CANONTEIGN, A BARONET AND LL.D., VICE-ADMIRAL OF THE UNITED KINGDOM / AND ADMIRAL OF THE RED SQUADRON OF HIS MAJESTY'S FLEET / KNIGHT GRAND CROSS OF THE MOST HONBLE MILITARY ORDER OF THE BATH / ALSO OF THE ROYAL AND DISTINGUISHED ORDER OF CHARLES THE THIRD OF SPAIN / OF THE MILITARY ORDER OF ST MAURICE AND ST LAZARE OF SARDINIA AND / HIGH STEWARD OF GREAT YARMOUTH, AND ONE OF / THE ELDER BRETHEREN OF THE HONBLE CORPORATION OF TRINITY HOUSE./ HIS EMINENT PUBLIC SERVICES ARE RECORDED IN THE ANNALS / AND LIVE IN THE MEMORY OF A GRATEFUL COUNTRY. / THIS PRIVATE AND MORE HUMBLE MONUMENT RECORDS HIS CHRISTIAN VIRTUES; / HIS ACTIVE BENEVOLENCE WHICH OFTEN RISKED HIS LIFE TO / RESCUE FELLOW CREATURES FROM THE DEEP, AND TO BREAK THE CHAINS OF / CHRISTIAN BRETHREN MOURNING IN HELPLESS CAPTIVITY, IN A HEATHEN LAND. / ALL HUMAN GLORY CEASES IN THE GRAVE, BUT FAR DEARER IS THE MEMORY OF / THAT DEVOUT FAITH, WHICH LED HIM IN DEEP HUMILITY TO THE CROSS OF CHRIST, / AND THE STAR THAT GUIDED HIM TO HIS DESIRED HAVEN, / AND THE ANCHOR OF HIS HOPE WHEN ON THE DEATH-BED OF THE JUST, / HE YIELDED UP HIS SOUL TO HIS REDEEMER. / HE DEPARTED IN PEACE ON THE 23RD OF JANUARY / IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD 1833, AND IN THE 76TH YEAR OF HIS AGE. / THIS MONUMENT IS ERECTED BY HIS GRATEFUL AND AFFECTIONATE FAMILY / TO THE MEMORY OF THE BEST OF HUSBANDS AND PARENTS.' [Slab below] 'I / While o'er the reeling wreck the savage storm / Poured all its lightnings, thunders, blasts and hail, / And ever horror in its wildest form / Smote the firm heart, that never knew to fail; / II / Twas thine, Pellew, sublimely great and good; / For man, thy brother man, distress'd, to dare / The dreadful passage of the raging flood, / And join the frantic children of despair. / III / There, it was thine, in comfort's balmy tone, / To sooth their sorrows 'mid the tempests roar, / To hush the mother's shriek, the sick man's groan / And bear the sufferers, trembling to the shore. / IV / So, when this mighty orb, in dread alarm, / Shall crash in ruins, at its God's decree; / May thy Redeemer, with triumphant arm, /From the vast wreck of all things, rescue thee'

Details

Description: Sarcophagus-shaped inscription tablet on feet, flanked by pillars, a draped urn above. At the top a trophy of arms and Pellew crest within garter belt inscribed 'Tria juncta in uno' surmounted by a viscount's coronet, 'Algiers' below.

Monument dedicated to Admiral Sir Edward Pellew
Type: Monument
Position: North wall of chancel
Materials: Marble
Artists: Gaffin
Vessel: HMS Queen Charlotte,

Event

Bombardment of Algiers,

Event Date

1816

Event Category

19th century conflicts in Africa

People

Pellew, Edward
Age: 76
Date of Death: 23/1/1833
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral of the Red
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: The bombardment of Algiers was an Anglo-Dutch operation commanded by Admiral Pellew. It was a decisive victory and resulted in the liberation of over 3000 slaves.
Bibliography: Dwelly's Parish Records Vol VI, Devon MI pp. 173-175.

Christopher D. Hall, ‘Pellew, Edward, first Viscount Exmouth (1757–1833)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2009 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21808, accessed 7 June 2017]

St Mary's Church, Wolborough, Devon, England

Plaque in Wolborough, Devon dedicated to Admiral William Cornish-Bowden d. 1896

Location

St Mary's Church, Wolborough, Devon, England

Transcript

'In Loving memory of / William Cornish-Bowden / Admiral. / Kt. Legion of Honour. / Who served his Queen and Country / from 1840 to 1865. / He took part in the Syrian Campaign / and the taking of St Jean D'Acre in 1840. / Was in Chinese war and taking of Canton, 1842-3 in H.M.S. Cornwallis / and distinguished himself at the / Bombardment of Sevastopol in / H.M.S. Arethusa in 1854, also greatly / assisted suppression of the Slave Trade on the West Coast of / Africa and at Zanzibar. /Born 16th April 1826. / Fell asleep 18th April 1896.'

Details

Description: Inscription in an elaborate border with the Naval Crown engraved in the top left hand corner and a foul anchor top right.


Type: Plaque
Position: North wall
Materials: Brass
Vessel: HMS Cornwallis; HMS Arethusa

Event Category

19th century conflicts in Asia

People

Cornish-Bowden, William
Age:
Date of Death: 18/4/1896
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

St Maughold's Church, Kirk Maughold, Isle of Man, Isle of Man

Tomb of Hugh Crow d.1829, Kirk Maughold, Isle of Man

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Location

St Maughold's Church, Kirk Maughold, Isle of Man, Isle of Man

Transcript

[Top]'Sacred/to the memory of/CAPTAIN HUGH CROW/late of Liverpool/propriator of/East Ballersa now Crow Villa/in this parish/born in the town of Ramsey in the year 1765/died 13th May 1829/aged 61 years/also of WILLIAM HINDS/of Crow Villa nephew of the late Captain Crow/died the 8th July 1848 aged 50 years/Captain CROW commanded the ships WILL, CERES, MARY and KITTY'S AMELIA/with much credit to himself and to the entire satisfaction of his.../he also fought several actions with the enemy/for which he received repeated marks of/approbation of the merchants and underwriters/of London and Liverpool/"An honest man's the noblest work of God'/ [South side] 'Sacred/to the memory of/EDMUND CROW late/of the town of Ramsey/who was born 12 Novr/1730 and departed this/life 25 Feby 1809 aged/79 years/also in memory of/JUDITH CROW alias/TEARE his wife who was/born 4th August 1737/and died 30th Decr 1807/aged 70 years/deposited in this/also are the remains/of CORNELIUS HINDS/late of the town of Ramsey/died the 5th Sept 1802/aged 84 years/MARGARET his wife/died the 27th Sept 1804/aged... years' [North Side] 'Being the father and/mother of Captain HUGH CROW and CAPT WILLIAM CROW/the latter of whom died/at Bonney on the coast/of Africa in the year/1799/also father and mother of MR JOHN CROW/Master carpenter/who was drowned at Kingston Jamaica/in the year 1802/also of JOHN CROW/Snr who lies interred in this/church yard'

Details

Description: Tomb carved in the Adam style with pillasters at the ends and fan decoration in the corners of the panels.
Type: Tomb
Position: Churchyard
Materials: Slate

People

Crow, Hugh
Age: 61
Date of Death: 13/5/1829
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master
Organisation:
Crow, William
Age:
Date of Death: 1799
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master
Organisation:
Crow, John
Age:
Date of Death: 1802
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Carpenter
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: Inscriptions recorded by the Isle of Man Family History Society. Crow left £50 in his will for burial expenses and the erection of a tomb. William Crow, mariner of Liverpool, Hugh's brother drowned 3 February 1800 at Bonny in present day Nigeria (will).
Bibliography: R. Watkin 'Captain Hugh Crow: a Liverpool Guineaman', 'Mariners Mirror' vol 63 (1977) pp. 177-85; Hugh Crow 'Memoir of the late Captain Hugh Crow of Liverpool' (London, 1830).

Cathedral, Bristol, England

Wall tablet in Bristol Cathedral, dedicated to Captain John Sanderson RN d. 1859.

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Location

Cathedral, Bristol, England

Transcript

'TO THE MEMORY OF / MY BELOVED HUSBAND / JOHN SANDERSON, / A CAPTAIN IN THE ROYAL NAVY, / WHO DIED WHILE ON ACTIVE / SERVICE IN COMMAND OF / HER MAJESTY'S SHIP 'ARCHER' / OFF THE CONGO RIVER, SOUTH / AFRICA, JUNE 27TH 1859 AND / WAS BURIED AT LOANGO' [On ribbon at the top] 'DEPRESSA RESURGO', 'COELUM PATRIA CHRISTUS VIA'[Below] 'BLESSED ARE THE / PURE IN HEART FOR / THEY SHALL SEE GOD. / WHAT I DO THOU KNOW / EST NOT NOW, BUT / THOU SHALT KNOW / HEREAFTER'

Details

Description: Engraved with crests, a flag and an anchor.


Type: Wall tablet
Position: North transept
Materials: Brass
Vessel: HMS Archer

People

Sanderson, John
Age:
Date of Death: 27/6/1859
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

St Mary's Church, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England

Location

St Mary's Church, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England

Transcript

'Sacred to the Memory / of / LIEUTENANT JAMES STILL, RN / who / in the 22nd year of his age, / fell a victim to the ravages of the yellow Fever, / on board His Majesty`s Ship, THE PHEASANT, / while stationed off SIERRA LEONE, / on the 12th of October 1821. / For four successive years / he had been employed in the fatal service / of enforcing obedience / to that sacred Law, which, to the honour of his Country / and in the spirit of Christian Love / forbade/ the Traffick in Human Blood. / That he possessed the best feelings of the heart / was manifested in his unwearied watchfulness over those / whose aid he was in sickness, / and who / withering like the blighted shoots of Spring, / left their blessings upon him. / That he was endued with the spirit of Enterprise / was proved by the testimony of those / who had witnessed his skill, and admired his gallantry: / That he was characterized by suavity of temper and prepossessing manners / was apparent from that regard, excited in every breast, / which held him forth as an Ornament of Social Life. / How beloved a Son! How endeared a Brother! How esteemed a Friend! / is evidenced / in the poignant grief of his sorrowing family / in the unfeigned regret / of many who cherish the remembrance of his worth, / and in the heartfelt Tribute / of Him / who dedicates this Tablet...'

Details

Type: wall tablet
Position: Interior
Vessel: HMS 'Pheasant'

People

Still, James
Age: 22
Date of Death: 12/10/1821
Cause of Death: Infectious disease
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

St Mary's Church, Ascension Island

Memorial to John Strugnell, HMS ‘Phoenix’ d. 1850, Ascension Island

Location

St Mary's Church, Ascension Island

Transcript

'SACRED / TO THE MEMORY OF / JOHN STRUGNELL / LATE CAPTAIN OF THE FORETOP / OF H.M.S. PHOENIX / WHO DIED AT ASCENSION / JULY 5th 1850 / AGED 37 YEARS'

Details

Vessel: HMS Phoenix

People

Strugnell, John
Age: 37
Date of Death: 5/7/1850
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain of the Foretop
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: HMS 'Phoenix' 1832 part of the West Africa squadron, engaged in suppressing the slave trade at the time of Strugnell's death.

Cathedral, Bristol, England

Wall tablet dedicated to Gilbert Elliott RN d. 1851 in Bristol Cathedral.

Location

Cathedral, Bristol, England

Transcript

'IN MEMORY / OF WILLIAMINA, DAUGHTER OF GILBERT ELLIOTT, D.D. DEAN OF BRISTOL, / DIED JULY 24TH 1853, / AND WAS BURIED IN THE CHANCEL OF THIS CATHEDRAL; / ALSO OF THEIR ONLY SON, GILBERT, LIEUTENANT R.N. / LOST AT SEA 1851 AGED 22 YEARS / AND OF THEIR DAUGHTERS / MARY ELIZABETH, DIED JANUARY 27TH 1847, AGED 13 YEARS / EMMA MARY, WIDOW OF MONTAGU BLACKETT ESQRE / DIED AUGUST 7TH 1887 / MARGARET ELLIOTT, DIED JANUARY 11TH 1901'

Details

Type: Wall tablet
Position: North transept
Materials: Marble

People

Elliott, Gilbert
Age: 22
Date of Death: 1851
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: 'Early in November, lost, on the coast of Africa, in a captured slaver, Gilbert Elliott R.N., only son of the Dean of Bristol, in his 22nd year.' 'Spectator' 20 March 1852.