Category Archives: Polar Exploration

Kensal Green Cemetery, Kensal Green, London, England

Memorial in Kensal Green Cemetery, London, commemorating Admiral Sir John Ross d. 1856.

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Location

Kensal Green Cemetery, Kensal Green, London, England

Transcript

'Sacred to the Memory of / ADMIRAL SIR JOHN ROSS KCB / THE ARCTIC NAVIGATOR / DIED 30TH AUGUST 1856 AGED 80 YEARS / PHILIP HEYLAND ROSS / DIED 24TH JUNE 1864 AGED 13 YEARS / MARY CAROLINE ROSS DIED 13TH AUGUST 1865 AGED 16 YEARS / ALICE JANE ROSS / DIED 28th NOVEMBER 1870 AGED 11 YEARS / EDITH GEORGIANA ROSS / DIED 6TH DECEMBER 1873 AGED 15 YEARS / ADA CATHERINE ROSS DIED 19TH JULY 1882 AGED 21 YEARS / GEORGIANA ELIZABETH ROSS / WIFE OF ANDREW ROSS B.C.S. / DIED AT BRIGHTON 24TH JANUARY 1890 / AGED 55 YEARS / ANDREW ROSS B.C.S. /DIED 1ST MARCH 1894 AGED 75 YEARS / CECIL CHARLES ROSS / DIED 4TH MAY 1913 AGED 42 YEARS'

Details

Description: Cross on a rock, with a anchor below.
Type: Memorial
Position: 13388/112/4
Materials: Carrara marble

People

Ross, John
Age: 80
Date of Death: 30/8/1856
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: BCS Bengal Civil Service DOSSIER. Grade II listed.

Admiral Ross is credited with three expeditions to the Arctic between 1818 and 1850. His third expedition in 1850 was an attempt to find the mission expedition of Sir John Franklin, however, he was unsuccessful.

Town Hall, Stockport, Greater Manchester, England

         

Commemorative window at Stockport Town Hall dedicated to Admiral Sir George Back, RN d. 1878

Location

Town Hall, Stockport, Greater Manchester, England

Transcript

‘H.M.S. Terror / Beset in Fox's / Channel. A.D. 1857’.
'Sir George Back, Admiral and / Arctic navigator, was born at / Stockport. A.D. 1796. At the age / of 13 he was taken prisoner / by the French at Deba, and / carried across the Alps on / a donkey, being too young to / march with the other prisoners. / He made two Arctic voyages / under Franklin in 1819 & 1824 / and was in command of two / himself in which few sailors / ever survived more terrible / perils and hardships. In / bravery, intelligence & love / of adventure, he was the / very model of an English Sailor.'

Details

Description: Left hand panel shows HMS 'Terror' beset in the ice in Fox’s Channel. Central panel depicts St George wearing a helmet and carrying a banner inscribed 'FORTITVDO’ in his right hand. His left hand leans on a portrait of Sir George Back. Biographical text on right panel.
Type: Window
Position: Ante room
Materials: Glass
Vessel: HMS ‘Terror'

People

Back, George
Age: 81
Date of Death: 23/6/1878
Cause of Death: Unknown
Rank / Occupation: Admiral; Arctic explorer
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: Ann Pares 'The Man who ate his trousers: a narrative of the life of Sir George Back RN 1796-1878’ (opposite p. 204)
Photographer: Pippa Lacey, 2018

St Mary's Church, Banbury, Oxfordshire, England

Window in Banbury, Oxfordshire dedicated to Admiral Sir George Back d. 1878

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Location

St Mary's Church, Banbury, Oxfordshire, England

Transcript

[Brass plaque below window] 'TO . THE . GLORY . OF . GOD . AND . IN . MEMORY . OF . ADMIRAL . SIR . GEORGE . BACK . D.C.L.F.R.S. WHO . DIED . 23RD . JUNE . 1878 . AGED . 81 . YEARS' [Around flight into Egypt] ' HE . TOOK . THE . YOUNG . CHILD . & . HIS . MOTHER . BY . NIGHT . AND . DEPARTED . INTO . EGYPT' [Around Jesus in the temple] 'ALL . THAT . HEARD . HIM . WERE . ASTONISHED . BY . HIS . UNDERSTANDING' [Around Jesus in the carpenter's shop] 'AND . CAME . TO . NAZARETH . AND . WAS . SUBJECT . UNTO . THEM'

Details

Description: Window showing the carpenter's shop at Nazareth, Christ in the temple and the flight into Egypt in roundels in the centre. Below and at the edges, Arctic fauna - wolf, fox, polar bears, caribou, walrus and seals. Two small roundels are based on sketches of HMS 'Terror' in the ice. An Inuit dog sled occupies the space at the bottom. The window has a border of snow flakes.


Type: Window
Materials: Stained glass
Date Erected: 1878-1881
Artists: Heaton, Butler & Bayne
Vessel: HMS Terror

People

Back, George
Age: 81
Date of Death: 23/6/1878
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: DOSSIER. Window given by Rev. H. Back and the Rev. John Back in memory of their uncle. It was designed and made by Heaton, Butler & Bayne. Acknowledgments to St Mary's Church Banbury for permitting access.
Bibliography: Eleanor Draper and William Potts 'The Parish Church St Mary's Banbury' 1907.

Mount Wise, Devonport, Plymouth, England

Memorial in Mount Wise, Devonport, Plymouth, England commemorating Captain Robert Falcon Scott RN d. 1912

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Location

Mount Wise, Devonport, Plymouth, England

Transcript

[Front panel] 'IN MEMORY OF / CAPT R F SCOTT RN / DR E A WILSON / CAPT L E G OATES INS DRGS / LT H R BOWERS RIM / PETTY OFFICER E EVANS RN / WHO DIED ON THEIR RETURN / FROM THE SOUTH POLE / MARCH 1912. [Round top] 'FOR KNOWLEDGE','FOR KING', 'FOR COUNTRY', 'FOR BROTHERLY LOVE' [Middle] ' HAD WE LIVED I SHOULD HAVE HAD A TALE', 'TO TELL OF THE HARDIHOOD ENDURANCE AND', 'COURAGE OF MY COMPANIONS WHICH WOULD', 'HAVE STIRRED THE HEARTS OF EVERY ENGLISHMAN' [Base] 'TO STRIVE', 'TO SEEK', 'TO FIND, 'AND NOT TO YIELD'

Details

Description: Figure of Scott in Polar clothing crowned by victory in bronze at the top. This stands on a large stone plinth with bronze profile portraits of the polar party - Evans and Wilson on one side, Bowers and Oates on the other. Profile of Scott within a wreath on the front. On the back are carved three skiis, a wreath placed over them. Round the base are four bronze reliefs showing scenes from the expedition - manhauling, ponies, unloading stores and the cairn built over the bodies of the polar party.
Type: Monument
Materials: Bronze, portland stone
Date Erected: 10/8/1925
Artists: Albert Hemstock Hodge

People

Scott, Robert Falcon
Age: 43
Date of Death: 3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: PRO WORK20-121. Commissioned by the Captain Scott Memorial fund. They were not permitted to erect it at a London site as originally intended.

Market Place, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England

Statue at Spilsby, Lincolnshire commemorating Sir John Franklin d. 1847

Location

Market Place, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England

Transcript

'SIR JOHN FRANKLIN / DISCOVERER OF THE NORTH WEST PASSAGE/BORN AT SPILSBY / APRIL 1786 / DIED IN THE ARCTIC REGIONS / JUNE 1847'

Details

Description: Full-length figure in uniform, holding a telescope in the right hand, an anchor behind.
Type: Statue
Materials: Bronze
Artists: Charles Bacon

People

Franklin, John
Age: 61
Date of Death: 11/6/1847
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Rear Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Hanwell cemetery, Kensington, London, England

Memorial at Hanwell Cemetery, Kensington commemorating Admiral Sir Francis Leopold McClintock d. 1907

Location

Hanwell cemetery, Kensington, London, England

Details

Type: Celtic cross
Materials: Granite

People

McClintock, Francis Leopold
Age: 88
Date of Death: 17/11/1907
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: McClintock confirmed the fate of the missing North West Passage expedition lead by Sir John Franklin.
Bibliography: Hugh Meller 'London cemeteries: an illustrated guide and gazeteer' (Amersham, 1981) p. 200.

Old Royal Naval College Chapel, Greenwich, London, England

Memorial at Old Royal Naval College Chapel, Greenwich commemorating Sir John Franklin and the officers of ‘Erebus’ and ‘Terror’ who died in the Arctic 1845-1848

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Location

Old Royal Naval College Chapel, Greenwich, London, England

Transcript

'TO THE MEMORY OF / REAR ADMIRAL SIR JOHN FRANKLIN KT., K.C.H. / AND OF THE UNDERMENTIONED OFFICERS / OF HER MAJESTY'S SHIPS / EREBUS/CAPT. JAMES FITZJAMES / COMMR. GRAHAM GORE / LIEUT. HENRY T.D. LE VESCONTE / LIEUT. JAMES WALTER FAIRHOLME. / LIEUT. ROBERT ORME SARGENT / LIEUT. CHARLES F. DES VOEUX / LIEUT. EDWARD COUCH / MR. CHARLES H. OSMER, PAYMASTER / MR. STEPHEN S. STANLEY, SURGEON / MR. HARRY D.S. GOODSIR ACTG. ASST. SURG. / MR. JAMES REID (CIVILIAN), ICE MASTER/MR. HENRY F. COLLINS, 2ND MASTER / MR. THOS. TERRY, BOATSWAIN / MR. JOHN WEEKES, CARPENTER / AND TERROR / CAPT. FRANS. RAWDEN MOIRA CROZIER / COMMR. EDWARD LITTLE / LIEUT. GEORGE HENRY HODGSON / LIEUT. JOHN IRVING / LIEUT. FREDK. JOHN HORNBY / LIEUT. ROBERT THOMAS / MR. JOHN SMART PEDDIE, SURGEON / MR. ALEXR. MCDONALD, ASSIST. SURGEON / MR.THOS. BLANKY (CIVILIAN), ICE MASTER / MR. GILLIES ALEXR. MCBEAN, 2ND MASTER / MR. EDWIN JAMES HOWARD HELPMAN / (CLERK IN CHARGE) / MR. JOHN LANE, BOATSWAIN / MR. THOS. HONEY, CARPENTER / ALSO IN MEMORY OF / THE SEVERAL SEAMAN, PETTY OFFICERS AND MARINES; / WHO SAILED FROM ENGLAND IN THE SHIPS NAMED; / AND WHO WITH THEIR RESPECTIVE OFFICERS, / LOST THEIR LIVES IN THE SERVICE OF THEIR COUNTRY / WHILE EMPLOYED ON A VOYAGE TO THE ARCTIC SEA, / IN SEARCH OF THE NORTH-WEST PASSAGE, A.D.1845-1854', 'BENEATH LIE THE REMAINS / OF ONE OF FRANKLIN'S COMPANIONS / WHO PERISHED IN THE ARCTIC REGIONS / 1848 / DISCOVERED AND BROUGHT AWAY FROM / KING WILLIAM'S LAND BY CAPTAIN HALL / THE UNITED STATES ARCTIC EXPLORER / 1869'

Details

Description: Inscription tablet with a pediment above, on which are carved two entwined wreaths of oak and olive. It is flanked by the figures of a naval officer studying a chart and a despondant seaman. In the background - two departing vessels, icebergs and the Pole Star.
Type: Monument
Position: Chapel vestibile
Materials: Marble
Date Erected: 1858
Artists: Richard Westmacott
Vessel: HMS Erebus, HMS Terror

People

Blanky, Thomas
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Icemaster
Organisation:
Collins, Henry F.
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: 2nd Master
Organisation: Royal Navy
Couch, Edward
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Crozier, Francis Rawden Moira
Age:
Date of Death: 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Des Voeux, Charles F.
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Fairholme, James Walter
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Fitzjames, James
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Franklin, John
Age:
Date of Death: 11/6/1847
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Rear Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy
Goodsir, Harry D. S.
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Assistant Surgeon RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Gore, Graham
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Commander RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Helpman, Edwin James Howard
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Clerk in charge
Organisation: Royal Navy
Hodgson, George Henry
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Honey, Thomas
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Carpenter
Organisation: Royal Navy
Hornby, Frederick John
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Irving, John
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Lane, John
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Boatswain
Organisation: Royal Navy
Le Vesconte, Henry T. D.
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Little, Edward
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Commander RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
McBean, Gillies Alexander
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: 2nd Master
Organisation: Royal Navy
McDonald, Alexander
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Assistant Surgeon RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Osmer, Charles H.
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Paymaster
Organisation: Royal Navy
Peddie, John Smart
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Surgeon RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Reid, James
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Icemaster
Organisation:
Sargent, Robert Orme
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Stanley, Stephen S.
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Surgeon RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Terry, Thomas
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Boatswain
Organisation: Royal Navy
Thomas, Robert
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Weekes, John
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Carpenter
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Erected by order of Parliament in the Painted Hall, subsequently moved to a small room behind the altar. Restored and relocated to the chapel vestibule 29 October 2009.
Bibliography: 'Illustrated London News' (8 January 1859) pp.35-36.

St James's Church, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England

Wall tablet at St James’s Church, Spilsby, Lincolnshire commemorating Captain Sir John Franklin RN d. 1847

Location

St James's Church, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England

Transcript

'IN MEMORY / OF / CAPTAIN SIR JOHN FRANKLIN, R.N. / K.C.H.-K.R.-D.C.L., / THE ARCTIC NAVIGATOR AND EXPLORER./BORN AT SPILSBY, APRIL 16TH 1786 / DIED IN THE ARCTIC SEAS, JUNE 11TH 1847. / WHILE IN COMMAND OF THE EXPEDITION / WHICH FIRST DISCOVERED / THE NORTH-WEST PASSAGE / 'THEY FORGED THE LAST LINK WITH THEIR LIVES' / ERECTED BY HIS WIDOW'

Details

Description: A round profile portrait in relief above the inscription.
Type: Wall tablet

People

Franklin, John
Age: 61
Date of Death: 11/6/1847
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Rear Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Statue of Franklin in the market place at Spilsby by Charles Bacon (1821-85?).

Haslar Hospital, Gosport, Hampshire, England

Wall tablet in Haslar Hospital, Gosport, Hampshire commemorating Sir John Richardson d. 1865

Location

Haslar Hospital, Gosport, Hampshire, England

Transcript

In Memory of / Sir John Richardson / CB RN MD Gold medallist: Royal Society: FRGS / Physician 1838 / Inspector Of Hospitals And Fleets 1840 / Born 5 November 1787 Died 5 June 1865 / Present At The Blockade Of Copenhagen 1807 Promoted For Gallantry / During A Night Attack On A French Brigade On The Tagus 1808. Campaign In / Georgia 1815. Second In Command Of Sir John Franklin's Expedition To The / Arctic Coast Of America 1819-22 When Terrible Hardships Were Suffered / And Again 1825-7 When He Discovered The Coast Between The Mackenzie And Coppermine Rivers / Commanded A Search Expedition After Franklin 1848-9 Author Of The Fauna Boreali / Americana And Other Scientific Works / Not Once Or twice In Our Rough Island Story / The Path Of Duty Was The One To Glory'

Details

Type: Wall tablet
Position: St Luke's Church

People

Richardson, John
Age: 78
Date of Death: 5/6/1865
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Inspector of Hospitals and Fleets
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Quotation: Alfred Lord Tennyson 'Ode on the death of the Duke of Wellington' (St 8).

Dean Cemetery, Edinburgh, Scotland

Memorial at Dean Cemetery, Edinburgh commemorating Robert Anstruther Goodsir d. 1895

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Location

Dean Cemetery, Edinburgh, Scotland

Transcript

'ROBERT ANSTRUTHER / GOODSIR M.D. / ARCTIC EXPLORER / AND TRAVELLER / WHO IN 1849 SAILED / IN THE SHIP 'ADVANCE' / IN SEARCH OF THE / FRANKLIN EXPEDITION / AND AGAIN IN 1850 / AS SURGEON / ACCOMPANIED THE EXPEDITION / FITTED OUT FOR THE / SAME PURPOSE BY / LADY FRANKLIN / BORN 1823 DIED 1895'

Details

Description: Altar-shaped memorial with a bronze relief showing a ship beset in the ice and crew members hauling a sledge.
Type: Memorial
Materials: Sandstone, bronze

People

Goodsir, Robert Anstruther
Age:
Date of Death: 1895
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Arctic explorer; surgeon
Organisation:

Extra