Category Archives: Polar Exploration

St James's Church, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England

Wall plaque in Splisby, Lincolnshire, dedicated to Eleanor Anne Porden d. 1825

Location

St James's Church, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England

Transcript

'Eleanor Anne Porden, first wife of Sir John Franklin a Poetess endeared to many by her gentle virtues and for her gifts of intellect enrolled a member of the Institute of France, who smitten by mortal illness yet speeded her husband on his Second Arctic Expedition, and surviving his departure only six days Died 1825 aged 29 years and was buried at St John's Wood and of their only child Eleanor Isabella wife of John Philip Gell of the County of Derby sometime warden of Christ's College Tasmania Vicar of Notting Hill and Rector of Huxted who died 1860 aged 36 and was buried at Tredunnoc Monmouthshire leaving seven children and of John Franklin Gell MA the eldest son of the above who died at Madras 1884 aged 33. This tablet is dedicated in commemoration of Sir John Franklin's death in the Arctic Sea by his surviving grandson, Philip Lyttelton Gell June 11th 1897'

Details

Type: Wall plaque
Position: Nave
Materials: Brass

People

Franklin, Eleanor Anne
Age:
Date of Death: 1825
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation:

Extra

Emmanuel Church, Exeter, Devon, England

Window in Emmanuel Church, Exeter, Devon dedicated to Captain Robert Falcon Scott RN d. 1912

Location

Emmanuel Church, Exeter, Devon, England

Details

Type: Window

People

Scott, Robert Falcon
Age:
Date of Death: 3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

St Stephen's Church, Bristol, England

Burial place of an Inuit couple and a baby in St Stephen’s Church, Bristol.

Location

St Stephen's Church, Bristol, England

Details

Type: Place of burial

People

Calichough
Age:
Date of Death: 1577
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation:
Ignorth
Age:
Date of Death: 1577
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: Inuit brought to England by Frobisher. Ignorth not her proper name, Baffin Inuit name for woman.
Bibliography: 'Archivaria' No 10, p. 23 (1980).

St Mary's Church, Totnes, Devon, England

Wall tablet in St Mary’s Church, Totnes, Devon commemorating William Harvey Hooper d. 1833

Location

St Mary's Church, Totnes, Devon, England

Transcript

'In Memory of / WILLIAM HARVEY HOOPER / (OF THE ROYAL NAVY) / SECRETARY OF THE ROYAL HOSPITAL GREENWICH, / SECOND SON OF THOMAS HOOPER, OF THIS TOWN, / HE SERVED IN THE EXPEDITION EMPLOYED IN THE CAPTURE / OF JAVA; AND IN FOUR VOYAGES OF DISCOVERY IN THE / POLAR SEAS UNDER THE COMMAND OF CAPTAIN PARRY, / DIED AT PAIGNTON NOV 8TH 1833 AET 41. / HIS REMAINS ARE INTERRED IN THIS CHURCHYARD / Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace./Luke ii 20'

Details

Description: Rectangular tablet with moulded cornice and plain pediment on a black marble ground which stands on two brackets.
Type: Wall tablet
Position: South aisle south wall
Materials: Marble
Artists: Blackler

People

Hooper, William Harvey
Age: 41
Date of Death: 8/11/1833
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Purser
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: DOSSIER. Removed from north chapel in 1896.

Dean Cemetery, Edinburgh, Scotland

Celtic Cross in Dean Cemetery, Edinburgh commemorating Lieutenant John Irving RN, d. 1848

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Location

Dean Cemetery, Edinburgh, Scotland

Transcript

'IN MEMORY OF / LIEVT JOHN IRVING R.N. / H.M. SHIP TERROR / BORN 1815 / DIED IN KING WILLIAM'S LAND / 1848-9 / HER MAJESTY'S SHIPS / EREBUS AND TERROR / LEFT ENGLAND IN MAY / 1845 UNDER COMMAND / OF SIR JOHN FRANKLIN K.C.B. TO EXPLORE A NORTH-WEST PASSAGE / TO THE PACIFIC / AFTER WINTERING / 1845 AT BEECHEY ISL / AND THEY SAILED SOUT / H DOWN FRANKLIN ST / RAIT AND ENTERED THE / N.W. PASSAGE / HAVING BEEN THERE BESET WITH ICE FOR TWO YEARS SIR J. FRANKLIN / 8 OTHER OFFICERS AND / 15 SEAMEN HAVING DIED / THE SURVIVORS 105 IN / NUMBER LIEUT IRVING / BEING ONE LANDED ON / KING WILLIAM LAND A / ND ATTEMPTED TO MARC / H TO CANADA BUT ALL D / IED FROM COLD AND WAN / T OF FOOD. / IN 1879 LIEVT SCHWAT / KA OF THE AMERICAN SE / ARCHING EXPEDITION DI / SCOVERED LIEVT IRVING / S GRAVE. THROUGH HIS / KINDNESS THE REMAINS / OF THIS BRAVE AND GOO / D OFFICER WERE BROUGH / T AWAY AND WERE DEPOS / ITED HERE ON 7TH JANUA / RY 1881 / "WHO SHALL SEPARATE US / FROM THE LOVE OF CHRIST/ SHALL TRIBULATION OR / DISTRESS - OR - FAMINE"' {Base} 'DECORUM EST PRO PATRIA MORI'

Details

Description: Celtic cross carved with interlaced decoration. The inscription is placed on the shaft. Two carved rope bands run round the top of the base. The base is carved with a relief showing crew members preparing to bury Irving as his body is dragged across the ice to the shore. The two expedition ships are shown beset in the background. The two sides of Irving's silver mathematics medal are shown above. This was found near his original grave and was the principal means by which the remains were identified.


Type: Celtic cross
Position: Block G
Materials: Sandstone
Artists: Stewart McGlashen
Vessel: HMS Terror

People

Irving, John
Age:
Date of Death: 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Died on Franklin Arctic expedition.
Bibliography: Ann Savours 'Franklin Memorial at the Royal Naval College, Greenwich', 'Mariners Mirror' vol. 72, p. 481, (Greenwich, 1986); R.J. Cyriax 'Sir John Franklin's Last Arctic Expedition' (London, 1939) p. 204.

Le cimetière de Rochefort, Rochefort France

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Location

Le cimetière de Rochefort, Rochefort France

Details

Description: The recumbent effigy of Bellot dressed in polar clothing lies on an ice floe under a canopy supported by four polar bears. On top of the canopy is a draped sledge.
Type: Cenotaph
Materials: Stone

People

Bellot, Joseph Renu00e9
Age:
Date of Death: 18/8/1853
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant
Organisation: French Navy

Extra

Kensal Green Cemetery, Kensal Green, London, England

Memorial in Kensal Green Cemetery, London, commemorating Admiral Sir John Ross d. 1856.

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Location

Kensal Green Cemetery, Kensal Green, London, England

Transcript

'Sacred to the Memory of / ADMIRAL SIR JOHN ROSS KCB / THE ARCTIC NAVIGATOR / DIED 30TH AUGUST 1856 AGED 80 YEARS / PHILIP HEYLAND ROSS / DIED 24TH JUNE 1864 AGED 13 YEARS / MARY CAROLINE ROSS DIED 13TH AUGUST 1865 AGED 16 YEARS / ALICE JANE ROSS / DIED 28th NOVEMBER 1870 AGED 11 YEARS / EDITH GEORGIANA ROSS / DIED 6TH DECEMBER 1873 AGED 15 YEARS / ADA CATHERINE ROSS DIED 19TH JULY 1882 AGED 21 YEARS / GEORGIANA ELIZABETH ROSS / WIFE OF ANDREW ROSS B.C.S. / DIED AT BRIGHTON 24TH JANUARY 1890 / AGED 55 YEARS / ANDREW ROSS B.C.S. /DIED 1ST MARCH 1894 AGED 75 YEARS / CECIL CHARLES ROSS / DIED 4TH MAY 1913 AGED 42 YEARS'

Details

Description: Cross on a rock, with a anchor below.
Type: Memorial
Position: 13388/112/4
Materials: Carrara marble

People

Ross, John
Age: 80
Date of Death: 30/8/1856
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: BCS Bengal Civil Service DOSSIER. Grade II listed.

Admiral Ross is credited with three expeditions to the Arctic between 1818 and 1850. His third expedition in 1850 was an attempt to find the mission expedition of Sir John Franklin, however, he was unsuccessful.

Town Hall, Stockport, Greater Manchester, England

         

Commemorative window at Stockport Town Hall dedicated to Admiral Sir George Back, RN d. 1878

Location

Town Hall, Stockport, Greater Manchester, England

Transcript

‘H.M.S. Terror / Beset in Fox's / Channel. A.D. 1857’.
'Sir George Back, Admiral and / Arctic navigator, was born at / Stockport. A.D. 1796. At the age / of 13 he was taken prisoner / by the French at Deba, and / carried across the Alps on / a donkey, being too young to / march with the other prisoners. / He made two Arctic voyages / under Franklin in 1819 & 1824 / and was in command of two / himself in which few sailors / ever survived more terrible / perils and hardships. In / bravery, intelligence & love / of adventure, he was the / very model of an English Sailor.'

Details

Description: Left hand panel shows HMS 'Terror' beset in the ice in Fox’s Channel. Central panel depicts St George wearing a helmet and carrying a banner inscribed 'FORTITVDO’ in his right hand. His left hand leans on a portrait of Sir George Back. Biographical text on right panel.
Type: Window
Position: Ante room
Materials: Glass
Vessel: HMS ‘Terror'

People

Back, George
Age: 81
Date of Death: 23/6/1878
Cause of Death: Unknown
Rank / Occupation: Admiral; Arctic explorer
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: Ann Pares 'The Man who ate his trousers: a narrative of the life of Sir George Back RN 1796-1878’ (opposite p. 204)
Photographer: Pippa Lacey, 2018

St Mary's Church, Banbury, Oxfordshire, England

Window in Banbury, Oxfordshire dedicated to Admiral Sir George Back d. 1878

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Location

St Mary's Church, Banbury, Oxfordshire, England

Transcript

[Brass plaque below window] 'TO . THE . GLORY . OF . GOD . AND . IN . MEMORY . OF . ADMIRAL . SIR . GEORGE . BACK . D.C.L.F.R.S. WHO . DIED . 23RD . JUNE . 1878 . AGED . 81 . YEARS' [Around flight into Egypt] ' HE . TOOK . THE . YOUNG . CHILD . & . HIS . MOTHER . BY . NIGHT . AND . DEPARTED . INTO . EGYPT' [Around Jesus in the temple] 'ALL . THAT . HEARD . HIM . WERE . ASTONISHED . BY . HIS . UNDERSTANDING' [Around Jesus in the carpenter's shop] 'AND . CAME . TO . NAZARETH . AND . WAS . SUBJECT . UNTO . THEM'

Details

Description: Window showing the carpenter's shop at Nazareth, Christ in the temple and the flight into Egypt in roundels in the centre. Below and at the edges, Arctic fauna - wolf, fox, polar bears, caribou, walrus and seals. Two small roundels are based on sketches of HMS 'Terror' in the ice. An Inuit dog sled occupies the space at the bottom. The window has a border of snow flakes.


Type: Window
Materials: Stained glass
Date Erected: 1878-1881
Artists: Heaton, Butler & Bayne
Vessel: HMS Terror

People

Back, George
Age: 81
Date of Death: 23/6/1878
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: DOSSIER. Window given by Rev. H. Back and the Rev. John Back in memory of their uncle. It was designed and made by Heaton, Butler & Bayne. Acknowledgments to St Mary's Church Banbury for permitting access.
Bibliography: Eleanor Draper and William Potts 'The Parish Church St Mary's Banbury' 1907.

Mount Wise, Devonport, Plymouth, England

Memorial in Mount Wise, Devonport, Plymouth, England commemorating Captain Robert Falcon Scott RN d. 1912

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Location

Mount Wise, Devonport, Plymouth, England

Transcript

[Front panel] 'IN MEMORY OF / CAPT R F SCOTT RN / DR E A WILSON / CAPT L E G OATES INS DRGS / LT H R BOWERS RIM / PETTY OFFICER E EVANS RN / WHO DIED ON THEIR RETURN / FROM THE SOUTH POLE / MARCH 1912. [Round top] 'FOR KNOWLEDGE','FOR KING', 'FOR COUNTRY', 'FOR BROTHERLY LOVE' [Middle] ' HAD WE LIVED I SHOULD HAVE HAD A TALE', 'TO TELL OF THE HARDIHOOD ENDURANCE AND', 'COURAGE OF MY COMPANIONS WHICH WOULD', 'HAVE STIRRED THE HEARTS OF EVERY ENGLISHMAN' [Base] 'TO STRIVE', 'TO SEEK', 'TO FIND, 'AND NOT TO YIELD'

Details

Description: Figure of Scott in Polar clothing crowned by victory in bronze at the top. This stands on a large stone plinth with bronze profile portraits of the polar party - Evans and Wilson on one side, Bowers and Oates on the other. Profile of Scott within a wreath on the front. On the back are carved three skiis, a wreath placed over them. Round the base are four bronze reliefs showing scenes from the expedition - manhauling, ponies, unloading stores and the cairn built over the bodies of the polar party.
Type: Monument
Materials: Bronze, portland stone
Date Erected: 10/8/1925
Artists: Albert Hemstock Hodge

People

Scott, Robert Falcon
Age: 43
Date of Death: 3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: PRO WORK20-121. Commissioned by the Captain Scott Memorial fund. They were not permitted to erect it at a London site as originally intended.