Category Archives: Polar Exploration

Old Royal Naval College Chapel, Greenwich, London, England

Memorial at Old Royal Naval College Chapel, Greenwich commemorating Sir John Franklin and the officers of ‘Erebus’ and ‘Terror’ who died in the Arctic 1845-1848

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Location

Old Royal Naval College Chapel, Greenwich, London, England

Transcript

'TO THE MEMORY OF / REAR ADMIRAL SIR JOHN FRANKLIN KT., K.C.H. / AND OF THE UNDERMENTIONED OFFICERS / OF HER MAJESTY'S SHIPS / EREBUS/CAPT. JAMES FITZJAMES / COMMR. GRAHAM GORE / LIEUT. HENRY T.D. LE VESCONTE / LIEUT. JAMES WALTER FAIRHOLME. / LIEUT. ROBERT ORME SARGENT / LIEUT. CHARLES F. DES VOEUX / LIEUT. EDWARD COUCH / MR. CHARLES H. OSMER, PAYMASTER / MR. STEPHEN S. STANLEY, SURGEON / MR. HARRY D.S. GOODSIR ACTG. ASST. SURG. / MR. JAMES REID (CIVILIAN), ICE MASTER/MR. HENRY F. COLLINS, 2ND MASTER / MR. THOS. TERRY, BOATSWAIN / MR. JOHN WEEKES, CARPENTER / AND TERROR / CAPT. FRANS. RAWDEN MOIRA CROZIER / COMMR. EDWARD LITTLE / LIEUT. GEORGE HENRY HODGSON / LIEUT. JOHN IRVING / LIEUT. FREDK. JOHN HORNBY / LIEUT. ROBERT THOMAS / MR. JOHN SMART PEDDIE, SURGEON / MR. ALEXR. MCDONALD, ASSIST. SURGEON / MR.THOS. BLANKY (CIVILIAN), ICE MASTER / MR. GILLIES ALEXR. MCBEAN, 2ND MASTER / MR. EDWIN JAMES HOWARD HELPMAN / (CLERK IN CHARGE) / MR. JOHN LANE, BOATSWAIN / MR. THOS. HONEY, CARPENTER / ALSO IN MEMORY OF / THE SEVERAL SEAMAN, PETTY OFFICERS AND MARINES; / WHO SAILED FROM ENGLAND IN THE SHIPS NAMED; / AND WHO WITH THEIR RESPECTIVE OFFICERS, / LOST THEIR LIVES IN THE SERVICE OF THEIR COUNTRY / WHILE EMPLOYED ON A VOYAGE TO THE ARCTIC SEA, / IN SEARCH OF THE NORTH-WEST PASSAGE, A.D.1845-1854', 'BENEATH LIE THE REMAINS / OF ONE OF FRANKLIN'S COMPANIONS / WHO PERISHED IN THE ARCTIC REGIONS / 1848 / DISCOVERED AND BROUGHT AWAY FROM / KING WILLIAM'S LAND BY CAPTAIN HALL / THE UNITED STATES ARCTIC EXPLORER / 1869'

Details

Description: Inscription tablet with a pediment above, on which are carved two entwined wreaths of oak and olive. It is flanked by the figures of a naval officer studying a chart and a despondant seaman. In the background - two departing vessels, icebergs and the Pole Star.
Type: Monument
Position: Chapel vestibile
Materials: Marble
Date Erected: 1858
Artists: Richard Westmacott
Vessel: HMS Erebus, HMS Terror

People

Blanky, Thomas
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Icemaster
Organisation:
Collins, Henry F.
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: 2nd Master
Organisation: Royal Navy
Couch, Edward
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Crozier, Francis Rawden Moira
Age:
Date of Death: 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Des Voeux, Charles F.
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Fairholme, James Walter
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Fitzjames, James
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Franklin, John
Age:
Date of Death: 11/6/1847
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Rear Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy
Goodsir, Harry D. S.
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Assistant Surgeon RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Gore, Graham
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Commander RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Helpman, Edwin James Howard
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Clerk in charge
Organisation: Royal Navy
Hodgson, George Henry
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Honey, Thomas
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Carpenter
Organisation: Royal Navy
Hornby, Frederick John
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Irving, John
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Lane, John
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Boatswain
Organisation: Royal Navy
Le Vesconte, Henry T. D.
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Little, Edward
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Commander RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
McBean, Gillies Alexander
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: 2nd Master
Organisation: Royal Navy
McDonald, Alexander
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Assistant Surgeon RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Osmer, Charles H.
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Paymaster
Organisation: Royal Navy
Peddie, John Smart
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Surgeon RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Reid, James
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Icemaster
Organisation:
Sargent, Robert Orme
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Stanley, Stephen S.
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Surgeon RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Terry, Thomas
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Boatswain
Organisation: Royal Navy
Thomas, Robert
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Weekes, John
Age:
Date of Death: circa 1848
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Carpenter
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Erected by order of Parliament in the Painted Hall, subsequently moved to a small room behind the altar. Restored and relocated to the chapel vestibule 29 October 2009.
Bibliography: 'Illustrated London News' (8 January 1859) pp.35-36.

St James's Church, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England

Wall tablet at St James’s Church, Spilsby, Lincolnshire commemorating Captain Sir John Franklin RN d. 1847

Location

St James's Church, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England

Transcript

'IN MEMORY / OF / CAPTAIN SIR JOHN FRANKLIN, R.N. / K.C.H.-K.R.-D.C.L., / THE ARCTIC NAVIGATOR AND EXPLORER./BORN AT SPILSBY, APRIL 16TH 1786 / DIED IN THE ARCTIC SEAS, JUNE 11TH 1847. / WHILE IN COMMAND OF THE EXPEDITION / WHICH FIRST DISCOVERED / THE NORTH-WEST PASSAGE / 'THEY FORGED THE LAST LINK WITH THEIR LIVES' / ERECTED BY HIS WIDOW'

Details

Description: A round profile portrait in relief above the inscription.
Type: Wall tablet

People

Franklin, John
Age: 61
Date of Death: 11/6/1847
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Rear Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Statue of Franklin in the market place at Spilsby by Charles Bacon (1821-85?).

Haslar Hospital, Gosport, Hampshire, England

Wall tablet in Haslar Hospital, Gosport, Hampshire commemorating Sir John Richardson d. 1865

Location

Haslar Hospital, Gosport, Hampshire, England

Transcript

In Memory of / Sir John Richardson / CB RN MD Gold medallist: Royal Society: FRGS / Physician 1838 / Inspector Of Hospitals And Fleets 1840 / Born 5 November 1787 Died 5 June 1865 / Present At The Blockade Of Copenhagen 1807 Promoted For Gallantry / During A Night Attack On A French Brigade On The Tagus 1808. Campaign In / Georgia 1815. Second In Command Of Sir John Franklin's Expedition To The / Arctic Coast Of America 1819-22 When Terrible Hardships Were Suffered / And Again 1825-7 When He Discovered The Coast Between The Mackenzie And Coppermine Rivers / Commanded A Search Expedition After Franklin 1848-9 Author Of The Fauna Boreali / Americana And Other Scientific Works / Not Once Or twice In Our Rough Island Story / The Path Of Duty Was The One To Glory'

Details

Type: Wall tablet
Position: St Luke's Church

People

Richardson, John
Age: 78
Date of Death: 5/6/1865
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Inspector of Hospitals and Fleets
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Quotation: Alfred Lord Tennyson 'Ode on the death of the Duke of Wellington' (St 8).

Royal Dockyard, Portsmouth, England

Statue at Portsmouth Dockyard commemorating Captain Robert Falcon Scott RN d. 1912

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Location

Royal Dockyard, Portsmouth, England

Transcript

'CAPTAIN ROBERT FALCON SCOTT. RN. CVO / BORN 6 JUNE 1868 DIED ABOUT 29 MARCH 1912 / DURING HIS RETURN FROM THE SOUTH POLE / IN HIS JOURNAL FOUND 8 MONTHS LATER HE WROTE / THE GALE IS HOWLING ABOUT US WE ARE WEAK / WRITING IS DIFFICULT BUT FOR MY OWN SAKE / I DO NOT REGRET THIS JOURNEY WHICH HAS SHOWN / THAT ENGLISHMAN CAN ENDURE HARDSHIP / HELP ONE ANOTHER AND MEET DEATH WITH / AS GREAT A FORTITUDE AS EVER IN THE PAST / WE TOOK RISKS WE KNEW WE TOOK THEM / THINGS HAVE COME OUT AGAINST US AND / THEREFORE WE HAVE NO CAUSE FOR COMPLAINT / BUT BOW TO THE WILL OF PROVIDENCE / DETERMINED TO DO OUR BEST TO THE END'

Details

Description: Full-length figure in uniform overcoat and boots, holding his cap, a dog at his feet.
Type: Statue
Materials: Bronze
Artists: Kathleen Scott

People

Scott, Robert Falcon
Age: 43
Date of Death: 3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

St Paul's Church, Dock Street, London, England

Window at St Paul’s Church, Dock Street, London dedicated to the memory of Sir John Franklin d. 1847

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Location

St Paul's Church, Dock Street, London, England

Transcript

'IN MEMORY OF / CAPTAIN SIR JOHN FRANKLIN R.N., K.C.H. / ONE OF THE FOUNDERS OF THIS CHURCH / WHO DIED ON BOARD H.M.S. EREBUS / IN LAT 69°. 37 42 N LONG LAT 98° 41 W / ERECTED 1872 DAN. GREATOREX VICAR'[middle] 'HE REBUKETH THE WINDS AND THE WAVES SAYING' [south] 'HE THAT HATH EARS LET HIM HEAR', 'FEAR NOT FROM HENCEFORTH THOU SHALL CATCH MEN'[middle], 'THOU OF LITTLE FAITH WHEREFORE DIDST THOU DOUBT' [north]

Details

Description: Triple lancets with sexfoil window above.
Type: Window
Materials: Stained glass
Date Erected: 1872
Artists: Cox & Sons
Vessel: HMS Erebus

People

Franklin, John
Age: 61
Date of Death: 11/6/1847
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Rear Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Founded as a seamen's chapel behind their hostel in place of an episcopal floating church. Parochial church from 1864, converted to children's nursery in 2002.

St Mary's Church, Gestingthorpe, Essex, England

Wall tablet St Mary’s Church, Gestingthorpe, Essex, dedicated to Captain Lawrence Edward Grace Oates d. 1912

Location

St Mary's Church, Gestingthorpe, Essex, England

Transcript

'A very gallant Gentleman Lawrence Edward Grace Oates, Captain in the Inniskilling Dragoons. Born March 17 1880. Died March 17 1912, on the Return Journey from the South Pole of the Scott Antarctic Expedition - when all were beset by hardship, he being gravely injured went out into the blizzard to die in the hope that by so doing he might enable his comrades to reach safety-This tablet is placed here in affectionate remembrance by his brother officers, A.D. 1913'

Details

Type: Wall tablet
Materials: Brass

People

Oates, Lawrence Edward Grace
Age:
Date of Death: 17/3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain
Organisation: British Army

Extra

Church of St Peter and St Paul, Blandford Forum, Dorset, England

Brass plate in Church of St Peter and St Paul, Blandford Forum, Dorset, dedicated to George Vince d. 1902

Location

Church of St Peter and St Paul, Blandford Forum, Dorset, England

Transcript

'Erected by his shipmates, schoolfellows and friends to the memory of George Vince AB RN of the exploring ship Discovery a member of the expedition to the Antarctic Regions under Captain Robert F Scott RN born at Blandford Sept 20 1880. Died by a fall over an ice cliff into the sea at Ross Island March 11 1902 the only member of his ship's company who lost his life'

Details

Type: Plate
Materials: Brass
Vessel: Discovery

People

Vince, George
Age:
Date of Death: 11/3/1902
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Able Seaman
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: J.D. Spinney 'Some Naval Memorials in Dorset', 'Mariner's Mirror' vol. 73, p. 195 (Greenwich, 1987).

Fort Brockhurst, Gosport, Hampshire, England

Memorial in Fort Brockhurst, Gosport, Hampshire commemorating Commander Wyatt Rawson RN d. 1882

Location

Fort Brockhurst, Gosport, Hampshire, England

Transcript

'SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF [Gothic script] / WYATT RAWSON / COMMANDER ROYAL NAVY AND NAVAL A.D.C. TO / GENERAL SIR G. WOLSELEY, G.C.B. / HE FELL WHILE ACTING AS GUIDE / TO THE / SECOND DIVISION AT THE BATTLE OF TEL-EL-KEBIR, EGYPT, / 13 SEPTEMBER, 1882 / AGED 29. / HE SERVED IN THE ASHANTEE WAR, 1873-4, / AND IN THE / ARCTIC EXPEDITION, 1875-6 / THIS TABLET IS ERECTED AS A TOKEN OF AFFECTION AND ESTEEM / BY LORD WOLSELEY AND THE MEMBERS OF THE PERSONAL STAFF'

Details

Position: English Heritage Store
Vessel: HMS Carthage

Event

The Anglo-Egyptian War

Event Date

1882 - 1889

Event Category

19th century conflicts in Africa

People

Rawson, Wyatt
Age:
Date of Death: 13/9/1882
Cause of Death: War casualty
Rank / Occupation: Commander RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Born 27/8/1853. Died on board HMS 'Carthage' in Malta Harbour and buried at Bighi cemetery. DOSSIER. The memorial damaged in January 1941 and removed from its original location in the Garrison Church, Portsmouth. Sighted at Fort Brockhurst January 2004 by Tim Backhouse.
Bibliography: Geoffrey Rawson 'Life of Admiral Sir Harry Rawson' (London, 1914) p. 277; Frederic Boase 'Modern English Biography' (London, 1965).