Category Archives: Polar Exploration

Cathedral, Exeter, Devon, England

Sledge flag in Exeter Cathedral dedicated to Captain Robert Falcon Scott d. 1912

Location

Cathedral, Exeter, Devon, England

Transcript

'Above this tablet hangs the sledge flag carried on his first expedition by Captain Robert Falcon Scott R.N. C.V.O. of Outlands Devonport. Leader of the National Antarctic Expeditions of 1900-4, 1910-13. Who with four comrades perished from hunger and cold after reaching the South Pole in 1912, and is here commemorated as being not the least illustrious of those men of Devon who brought fame to their country and rendered service to the world. Their name liveth for evermore. This flag was presented by his mother'

Details

Type: Plaque and sledge flag

People

Scott, Robert Falcon
Age:
Date of Death: 3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain
Organisation: RN

Extra

Royal Geographical Society Building, Exhibition Road, London, England

Statue on the Royal Geographical Society Building, Exhibition Road, London representing Ernest Shackleton d. 1922

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Location

Royal Geographical Society Building, Exhibition Road, London, England

Details

Description: Shackleton shown full-length in polar clothing.
Type: Statue
Position: Niche on exterior
Artists: C. S. Jagger

People

Shackleton, Ernest Henry
Age:
Date of Death: 5/1/1922
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation:

Extra

Bibliography: Arthur Byron 'London Statues: a guide to London's outdoor statues and sculpture' (London, 1981) p. 192.

City Hall, Cardiff, Wales

Wall memorial in City Hall, Cardiff, Wales dedicated to Robert Falcon Scott d. 1912

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Location

City Hall, Cardiff, Wales

Transcript

'ROBERT FALCON SCOTT KCB CVO / BORN 6TH JUNE 1868 AT DEVONPORT DIED 29TH MARCH 1912 / WHILST RETURNING FROM THE SOUTH POLE / CAPTAIN IN HIS MAJETY'S ROYAL NAVY, ANTARCTIC EXPLORER / COMMANDER OF THE BRITISH ANTARCTIC EXPEDITION 1910 / LEFT CARDIFF IN THE "TERRA NOVA" ON THE 15TH JUNE 1910 / REACHED THE SOUTH POLE 18TH JANUARY 1912 / "TO STRIVE, TO SEEK, TO FIND AND NOT TO YIELD. / VICTORY FOR HIM WAS SWALLOWED UP IN DEATH / THIS TABLET WAS ERECTED TO COMMEMORATE THE MEMORY OF ONE / WHO SACRIFICED HIS LIFE TO OBTAIN GLORY FOR HIS BELOVED COUNTRY / ALDERMAN MORGAN THOMAS JP LORD MAYOR 1912-13 / DAN RADCLIFFE JP HON. TREASURER / J.L. WHEATLEY TOWN CLERK.

Details

Description: Captain Scott in high relief above the inscription tablet, half-length in uniform. A low relief of 'Terra Nova' above flanked by seals. Upright skiis and penguins flank the inscription, a dog sled below. Coat of arms at the bottom.
Type: Wall memorial
Position: On stairs left of main entrance
Materials: Bronze
Date Erected: 1916
Artists: W. Wheatley Wagstaffe
Vessel: Terra Nova

People

Scott, Robert Falcon
Age: 43
Date of Death: 3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: Anthony M. Johnson 'Scott of the Antarctic and Cardiff' (Cardiff, 1984) p.57.

Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England

Monument in Westminster Abbey, London commemorating Rear Admiral of the Blue, Sir John Franklin RN d. 1847 and Admiral Sir Francis McClintlock RN d. 1907

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Location

Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England

Transcript

[Side] 'TO THE MEMORY / OF / SIR JOHN FRANKLIN, / BORN APRIL 16 / 1786 / AT SPILSBY / LINCOLNSHIRE / DIED JUNE 11 / 1847 / OFF POINT VICTORY IN THE FROZEN OCEAN / THE BELOVED CHIEF / OF THE GALLANT CREWS / WHO PERISHED WITH HIM / IN COMPLETING / THE DISCOVERY OF THE / NORTH WEST PASSAGE'
[Front] 'O YE FROST AND COLD, O YE ICE AND SNOW / BLESS YE THE LORD PRAISE HIM AND MAGNIFY HIM FOR EVER.' / 'NOT HERE: THE WHITE NORTH HAS THY BONES; AND THOU, / HEROIC SAILOR-SOUL / ART PASSING ON THY HAPPIER VOYAGE NOW / TOWARD NO EARTHLY POLE'.
[Below] 'HERE ALSO IS COMMEMORATED / ADMIRAL SIR LEOPOLD McCLINTOCK / 1819-1907 / DISCOVERER OF THE FATE OF FRANKLIN / IN 1859'.
[Right side] 'THIS MONUMENT / WAS ERECTED / BY JANE, HIS WIDOW, / WHO AFTER LONG WAITING, / AND SENDING MANY / IN SEARCH OF HIM, / HERSELF DEPARTED / TO SEEK AND FIND HIM / IN THE REALMS OF LIGHT / JULY 18, 1875, / AGED 83 YEARS'

Details

Description: A bust of Franklin within a gothic arch. A relief of ships beset in ice below. At the top, the Franklin crest - a congar eel head head and the motto: 'NISU'.
Type: Monument
Position: Chapel of St John the Evangelist, North transept north aisle
Materials: White marble, alabaster
Date Erected: 1875
Artists: Matthew Noble, George Gilbert Scott

People

Franklin, John
Age: 61
Date of Death: 11/6/1847
Cause of Death: Unknown
Rank / Occupation: Rear Admiral of the Blue
Organisation: Royal Navy
McClintock, Francis Leopold
Age: 88
Date of Death: 1907
Cause of Death: Unknown
Rank / Occupation: Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: See also West window in St Paul's Church, Whitechapel which shows four maritime scenes from life of Christ. Verse written by Tennyson. Commissioned by Lady Jane Franklin, who specifically wanted a bust rather than the window suggested by Dean Stanley. The canopy was added by Sir George Gilbert Scott. Photograph in P & D box 1386. A small tablet underneath the memorial commemorates Admiral F.L. McClintock. The original plaster model for the bust of Franklin was at the Museum of Science and Engineering, Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

Bibliography: F. Bond 'Westminster Abbey' (1909) p. 267. Frances J. Woodward 'A portrait of Jane' (London, 1951) p. 362.

St Anne's Church, Woodplumpton, Lancashire, England

Memorial at Woodplumpton to Commander Henry Foster RN d. 1831

Location

St Anne's Church, Woodplumpton, Lancashire, England

Transcript

'SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF / HENRY FOSTER, R.N., F.R.S. / DISTINGUISHED AS WELL FOR SUPERIORITY OF INTELLECT AS URBANITY OF/MANNERS, BY A ZEALOUS AND FIRM DISCHARGE OF DUTY / HE GAINED THE CONFIDENCE AND REGARD OF HIS OF HIS BROTHER OFFICERS / AND BY A SUCCESSFUL PURSUIT OF KNOWLEDGE / ATTRACTED THE NOTICE OF MEN OF SCIENCE / FOR HIS PHILOSOPHICAL EXPERIMENTS MADE IN THE ARCTIC REGIONS / THE COPLEY MEDAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY / WAS PRESENTED TO HIM ON 30TH NOVEMBER, 1827, / WHEN THE LORD HIGH ADMIRAL OF ENGLAND WITH AN ALACRITY / HONOURABLE TO HIMSELF AND TO THE SUBJECT OF HIS PATRONAGE / INSTANTLY PROMOTED HIM TO THE RANK OF COMMANDER. / IN THE YEAR FOLLOWING HE SAILED ON A VOYAGE OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH. / HE HAD COMPLETED HIS ASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATIONS AT PANAMA, / AND ALL THINGS HAD PROSPERED IN HIS HAND; WHEN, PROCEEDING TO/HIS SHIP AND ANTICIPATING A SPEEDY RETURN TO HIS NATIVE SHORE, HE / FELL FROM A CANOE AND IN A MOMENT WAS LOST TO HIS COUNTRY / AND HIS FRIENDS. / HIS BODY SHROUDED IN THE BRITISH FLAG WAS INTERRED NEAR THE FATAL / SPOT ON THE BANK OF THE RIVER CHAGRE IN THE GULPH [sic] OF MEXICO / ON THE 8TH FEBRUARY, 1831, AND IN THE 34TH YEAR OF HIS AGE / THIS MONUMENT IS ERECTED BY SEVERAL OF HIS COMPANIONS AND FRIENDS / AS A MEMORIAL OF THE HIGH ESTEEM THEY ENTERTAINED FOR HIS / CHARACTER, AND OF THE DEEP REGARD THEY FELT FOR HIS / UNTIMELY DEATH. / HE WAS THE SON OF THE REV. HENRY FOSTER, / INCUMBENT OF THIS CHAPELRY.' [ON BASE] 'IN MEMORY / OF THE REVEREND / HENRY FOSTER LATE INCUMBENT / OF THIS CHAPELRY UPWARDS OF 33 YEARS / DIED AUGUST 7TH 1844 AGED 84 YEARS'

Details

Description: A mourning seaman leaning on a pillar inscribed 'FOSTER' surmounted an urn and flanked by an anchor, flag and navigational instruments.
Type: Wall monument
Materials: Marble

People

Foster, Henry
Age: 34
Date of Death: 2/1831
Cause of Death: Maritime accident
Rank / Occupation: Commander RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: DOSSIER.
Bibliography: Editors: Ann Savours and Anita McConnell 'Journal Kept by Midshipman Joseph Henry Kay during the Voyage of HMS Chanticleer, 1828-1831', 'Four Travel Journals: The Americas, Antarctica and Africa, 1775-1874.' (The Hakluyt Society, 2007) p.266.

St Giles's Church, Chideock, Dorset, England

Gravestone at St Giles’s Church, Chideock, Dorset, commemorating William Brett d. 1878

Location

St Giles's Church, Chideock, Dorset, England

Transcript

'In affectionate remembrance of William Brett who died May 9 1878 Aged 54'

Details

Type: Gravestone
Position: East End of churchyard
Vessel: HMS Investigator

Event

Crimea War

Event Date

1853-1856

Event Category

19th century conflicts in Asia

People

Brett, William
Age: 54
Date of Death: 9/5/1878
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Arthur Mee's 'Dorset' says he was captured by the press gang when a lad in Ireland, fought in the Crimea, was on one of the Franklin Search expeditions, saved many lives from drowning and Queen Victoria presenting him with his 6th medal said 'I am proud of you'. Captain of the Foretop, HMS Investigator 1848-49 (Sir James Clark Ross, search expedition in 'Enterprise' and 'Investigator').
Bibliography: Arthur Mee, 'Dorset', Hodder & Stoughton, 1947
Recorder: David Sauners, 1991

Church of St Ethelburga the Virgin, Bishopsgate, London, England

Window formerly in the Church of St Ethelburga the Virgin, Bishopsgate dedicated to Henry Hudson d. 1611

Location

Church of St Ethelburga the Virgin, Bishopsgate, London, England

Details

Description: Window depicts Hudson standing in front of his ship.
Type: Window

People

Hudson, Henry
Age:
Date of Death: 1611
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: Funded by Hudson Bay Company. Destroyed by IRA bomb on 24 April 1993. Hudson took communion at St Ethelburga's on 19 April, 1607 before embarking on his first North West Passage voyage.
Bibliography: 'The Beaver' vol. 81, no. 2, p.4.

Old Mortlake Cemetery, London, England

Memorial in Old Mortlake Cemetery, London commemorating Admiral Sir Erasmus Ommanney d. 1904

Location

Old Mortlake Cemetery, London, England

Transcript

[Not exact] 'Francis Ommanney and Julia Henrietta his wife. Monument erected by their sons F.M. E.P. M.F. and A.R. Ommaney 1899. Admiral Sir Erasmus Ommanney K.C.B., F.R.S., F.R.C.S. 22 May 1814-21 Dec 1904 and Mary his widow died 1 Sept 1906 aged 91.'

Details

People

Ommanney, Erasmus
Age:
Date of Death: 21/12/1904
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Served on the Arctic expedition of 1838 and in 1850 the search expedition which discovered the first winter quarters of Franklin's missing ships.
Bibliography: Hugh Meller 'London cemeteries: an illustrated guide and gazeteer' (Amersham, 1981) p. 229.

Church of St Mary Magdalene, Gillingham, Kent, England

Memorial in Church of St Mary Magdalene, Gillingham, Kent commemorating Vice-Admiral Sir Horatio Austin RN d. 1865

Location

Church of St Mary Magdalene, Gillingham, Kent, England

Transcript

'IN MEMORY OF / A ZEALOUS EXCELLENT OFFICE / A TRUE AND KIND HEARTED MAN / WHO RAISED HIMSELF TO A HIGH POSITION IN THE NAVY / BY MERITORIOUS CONDUCT AND ENTIRE DEVOTION TO DUTY / VICE ADMIRAL / SIR HORATIO AUSTIN / K.C.B. / BORN 10TH MARCH A.D.1800 DIED 16TH NOVR 1865 / HIS BODY WAS INTERRED IN KENSEL GREEN CEMETERY / ERECTED IN TESTIMONY / OF HIS HONOURABLE CHARACTER AND PUBLIC SERVICES / BY HIS NAVAL FRIENDS AND BROTHER OFFICERS'

Details

Description: Carved with lamb and flag above
Type: Wall tablet
Position: North nave
Materials: Marble

People

Austin, Horatio Thomas
Age: 65
Date of Death: 16/11/1865
Cause of Death: Unknown
Rank / Occupation: Vice-Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Buried in Kensel Green Cemetery.
Bibliography: Rear Admiral J.A.L. Myers 'The rating's son who became an admiral', 'The Journal of the Orders and Medals Research Society' vol. 39, pp. 268-9.

St Mary's Church, Perivale, London, England

Monument at St Mary’s Church, Perivale, London commemorating Admiral Sir Richard Collinson d. 1883

Location

St Mary's Church, Perivale, London, England

Details

Description: Cross on a rock with an anchor and chain on the base.
Type: Monument
Position: Churchyard

People

Collinson, Richard
Age:
Date of Death: 13/9/1883
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Lead a Franklin search expedition.
Bibliography: 'Dictionary of National Biography'.