Category Archives: Polar Exploration

Naval Museum, Louvre, Paris, France

Memorial to Joseph Rene Bellot d. 1843, at Paris

Location

Naval Museum, Louvre, Paris, France

Transcript

'A / BELLOT / JOSEPH RENE, / Lieut. de vaisseau de la Marine Impériale / Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur:/Né à Paris le 18 Mars 1826, / who twice served as a volunteer in / the expeditions sent from England / to the Arctic Regions, and who when under / the command of Captain N. Inglefield. / of H.M.'s ship Phoenix, unhappily / perished amongst the ice on the 18th / August 1853 / Qui deux fois prit comme volon / taire à des expeditions envoyées d'Ang / leterre à / recherché de Sir John Franklin, et / qui, place sous le commandement du / Capitaine N. Inglefield, du bâtiment / de sa Majesté Britannique le Phenix, / perit malheuresement au milieu des / glaces, le 18 Août, 1853 / Cette tablet a été élevée à sa memoire par les Anglais residents en France.'

Details

Description: Royal arms of England and France above the inscription, an anchor between them, banners and clasped hands above.
Type: Memorial
Materials: Bronze
Artists: Courtney Boyle, Nicolas Guillemin
Vessel: HMS Phoenix

People

Bellot, Joseph Rene
Age:
Date of Death: 11/8/1853
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation:

Extra

Bibliography: 'Illustrated London News' (17 Feb 1855) p.156 (picture and inscription).

St Oswald's Church, Lythe, North Yorkshire, England

Memorial at St Oswald’s Church, Lythe commemorating Captain Constantine John Phipps RN , Baron Mulgrave d. 1792

Location

St Oswald's Church, Lythe, North Yorkshire, England

Transcript

'In memory of / Constantine John [Phipps] Baron Mulgrave / Who was born on the 9th May 1744 / And died the 10th October 1792 / Having passed the period of an active life / In the practice of every public and domestic virtue. In the service of his country / He was / A skilful, gallant and enterprising sea officer / A learned upright and constitutional statesman, / In society / An active and indefatigable patron / A sincere and unalienable friend / In his family a zealous, kind and liberal brother, / A dutiful and affectionate son, / An indulgent, considerate and tender husband, / He bore a tedious wasting illness with the patient firmness / of / a philosopher, / He saw the approach of death with the cheerful resignation / of / A Christian! / Having employed the concluding hours of such a life / In the active exertion of his mental faculties / He died / With the humble but confident hope / of / Eternal happiness / Through the merits and mercy / of his Saviour'

Details

Description: Sarcophagus on lion paw feet topped with coronet. On an apron, an anchor wrapped in a sail on a spar.
Type: Sarcophagus
Position: North aisle
Materials: Marble
Artists: Fisher

People

Phipps, Constantine John
Age: 48
Date of Death: 10/10/1792
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: In 1773 leader of a North Pole expedition. Joint Paymaster-General of the forces and one of the Commissioners.
Bibliography: Ed. E. Hailstone 'Portraits of Yorkshire Worthies selected from the National Exhibition of Works of Art at Leeds, 1868' (London, 1869).

Kensal Green Cemetery, Kensal Green, London, England

Memorial at Kensal Green Cemetery commemorating Robert McCormick d. 1890

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Location

Kensal Green Cemetery, Kensal Green, London, England

Transcript

[East side] 'SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF/ MARY/...OF ROBERT McCORMICK/...ROBERT McCORMICK...' [North Side] 'LOUISA...'

Details

Description: Chest tomb with gabled top.
Type: Tomb
Position: 16725/130/4
Materials: Marble

People

McCormick, Robert
Age: 90
Date of Death: 28/10/1890
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Naval surgeon; explorer
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Sinking to the south. Faint inscriptions. Located on the south side of the path behind the chest tomb of Lady Morrow. McCormick was a naval surgeon, explorer and naturalist, he served on various stations and accompanied the Antarctic expedition commanded by Captain Sir James Clark Ross in 1839.

Church of St Thomas of Canterbury, Mumby, Lincolnshire, England

Gravestone in Mumby, Lincolnshire commemorating  Rehoboth Robinson d. 1906

Location

Church of St Thomas of Canterbury, Mumby, Lincolnshire, England

Transcript

'Sacred / to the memory of / REHOBOTH ROBINSON / Master Mariner / Born at Mumby Chapel / May 23 1831 / Died at Boston Oct 30 1906 / He served under Sir Edward Belcher in the search for Sir John Franklin 1852-1854, and was the last survivor of that expedition.'

Details

Type: Gravestone
Position: Churchyard

People

Robinson, Rehoboth
Age: 75
Date of Death: 30/10/1906
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Master mariner
Organisation:

Extra

Cathedral, Exeter, Devon, England

Sledge flag in Exeter Cathedral dedicated to Captain Robert Falcon Scott d. 1912

Location

Cathedral, Exeter, Devon, England

Transcript

'Above this tablet hangs the sledge flag carried on his first expedition by Captain Robert Falcon Scott R.N. C.V.O. of Outlands Devonport. Leader of the National Antarctic Expeditions of 1900-4, 1910-13. Who with four comrades perished from hunger and cold after reaching the South Pole in 1912, and is here commemorated as being not the least illustrious of those men of Devon who brought fame to their country and rendered service to the world. Their name liveth for evermore. This flag was presented by his mother'

Details

Type: Plaque and sledge flag

People

Scott, Robert Falcon
Age:
Date of Death: 3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain
Organisation: RN

Extra

Royal Geographical Society Building, Exhibition Road, London, England

Statue on the Royal Geographical Society Building, Exhibition Road, London representing Ernest Shackleton d. 1922

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Location

Royal Geographical Society Building, Exhibition Road, London, England

Details

Description: Shackleton shown full-length in polar clothing.
Type: Statue
Position: Niche on exterior
Artists: C. S. Jagger

People

Shackleton, Ernest Henry
Age:
Date of Death: 5/1/1922
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation:

Extra

Bibliography: Arthur Byron 'London Statues: a guide to London's outdoor statues and sculpture' (London, 1981) p. 192.

St Peter's Church, Binton, Warwickshire, England

Memorial window in St Peter’s Church, Binton commemorating Captain Robert Falcon Scott RN d. 1912 and his companions

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Location

St Peter's Church, Binton, Warwickshire, England

Transcript

'Here Captain Scott with his brave companions / full of zeal to plant the British flag at / the South Pole receive their last farewells / on their way south', 'Here the intrepid explorers coming upon / the flag of Amundsen learn with great / disappointment that the Norwegian expedition, had forestalled them', 'Here Captain Oates, that brave and gallant / gentleman - unwilling to be a burden to / his companions, leaves them and the shelter / of the tent to die', 'Here the search party erect a cairn to / mark the resting place of their gallant / countrymen, Capt. Scott, Dr Wilson, and Lt. Bowers' [top] 'Greater love hath no man than this that a man lay down his life for his friends'

Details

Description: Window of four lights, the centre panels depict episodes from Scott's last expedition within gothic canopies. Below, small roundels depicting biblical scenes - Abraham and Isaac, Moses in the bullrushes, the boy Samuel, David and Golliath. Above - two small trefoil lights show the expedition vessel 'Terra Nova' and the cairn above the explorers' grave. The crucifixion is shown at the very top of the window with the inscription 'Greater Love hath no man'.
Type: Window
Position: West window
Materials: Stained glass
Date Erected: 25/9/1915
Artists: C. E. Kempe & Co., H.G. Ponting

People

Scott, Robert Falcon
Age: 43
Date of Death: 3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: David Saunders 'Maritime Memorials & Mementoes' (Yeovil, 1996) p. 21. Max Jones 'The Last Great Quest' p. 256.

Glen Prosen, Angus, Scotland

Cairn at Glen Prosen, Angus commemorating  Captain Robert Falcon Scott RN and Edward Adrian Wilson both d. 1912

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Location

Glen Prosen, Angus, Scotland

Transcript

'Given into the care of the people of Cortachy / For them to hold in remembrance / ROBERT FALCON SCOTT and / EDWARD ADRIAN WILSON / Who knew this glen: they reached the / South Pole on 17 January 1912 and / Died together on the Great Ice Barrier / March 1912 / For the journey is done and the / Summit attained and the barriers fall.'

Details

Description: Engraved stone plaque on a cairn. It replaces the original monument on the site which was a fountain. Expedition planning took place at Dr Edward Wilson's home nearby.
Type: Cairn
Materials: Stone

People

Scott, Robert Falcon
Age: 43
Date of Death: 3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Wilson, Edward Adrian
Age:
Date of Death: 3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation:

Extra

City Hall, Cardiff, Wales

Wall memorial in City Hall, Cardiff, Wales commemorating Captain Robert Falcon Scott RN d. 1912

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Location

City Hall, Cardiff, Wales

Transcript

'ROBERT FALCON SCOTT KCB CVO / BORN 6TH JUNE 1868 AT DEVONPORT DIED 29TH MARCH 1912 / WHILST RETURNING FROM THE SOUTH POLE / CAPTAIN IN HIS MAJETY'S ROYAL NAVY, ANTARCTIC EXPLORER / COMMANDER OF THE BRITISH ANTARCTIC EXPEDITION 1910 / LEFT CARDIFF IN THE "TERRA NOVA" ON THE 15TH JUNE 1910 / REACHED THE SOUTH POLE 18TH JANUARY 1912 / "TO STRIVE, TO SEEK, TO FIND AND NOT TO YIELD. / VICTORY FOR HIM WAS SWALLOWED UP IN DEATH / THIS TABLET WAS ERECTED TO COMMEMORATE THE MEMORY OF ONE / WHO SACRIFICED HIS LIFE TO OBTAIN GLORY FOR HIS BELOVED COUNTRY / ALDERMAN MORGAN THOMAS JP LORD MAYOR 1912-13 / DAN RADCLIFFE JP HON. TREASURER / J.L. WHEATLEY TOWN CLERK.

Details

Description: Captain Scott in high relief above the inscription tablet, half-length in uniform. A low relief of 'Terra Nova' above flanked by seals. Upright skiis and penguins flank the inscription, a dog sled below. Coat of arms at the bottom.
Type: Wall memorial
Position: On stairs left of main entrance
Materials: Bronze
Date Erected: 1916
Artists: W. Wheatley Wagstaffe
Vessel: Terra Nova

People

Scott, Robert Falcon
Age: 43
Date of Death: 3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: Anthony M. Johnson 'Scott of the Antarctic and Cardiff' (Cardiff, 1984) p.57.

Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England

Monument in Westminster Abbey, London commemorating Rear Admiral of the Blue, Sir John Franklin RN d. 1847 and Admiral Sir Francis McClintlock RN d. 1907

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Location

Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England

Transcript

[Side] 'TO THE MEMORY / OF / SIR JOHN FRANKLIN, / BORN APRIL 16 / 1786 / AT SPILSBY / LINCOLNSHIRE / DIED JUNE 11 / 1847 / OFF POINT VICTORY IN THE FROZEN OCEAN / THE BELOVED CHIEF / OF THE GALLANT CREWS / WHO PERISHED WITH HIM / IN COMPLETING / THE DISCOVERY OF THE / NORTH WEST PASSAGE'
[Front] 'O YE FROST AND COLD, O YE ICE AND SNOW / BLESS YE THE LORD PRAISE HIM AND MAGNIFY HIM FOR EVER.' / 'NOT HERE: THE WHITE NORTH HAS THY BONES; AND THOU, / HEROIC SAILOR-SOUL / ART PASSING ON THY HAPPIER VOYAGE NOW / TOWARD NO EARTHLY POLE'.
[Below] 'HERE ALSO IS COMMEMORATED / ADMIRAL SIR LEOPOLD McCLINTOCK / 1819-1907 / DISCOVERER OF THE FATE OF FRANKLIN / IN 1859'.
[Right side] 'THIS MONUMENT / WAS ERECTED / BY JANE, HIS WIDOW, / WHO AFTER LONG WAITING, / AND SENDING MANY / IN SEARCH OF HIM, / HERSELF DEPARTED / TO SEEK AND FIND HIM / IN THE REALMS OF LIGHT / JULY 18, 1875, / AGED 83 YEARS'

Details

Description: A bust of Franklin within a gothic arch. A relief of ships beset in ice below. At the top, the Franklin crest - a congar eel head head and the motto: 'NISU'.
Type: Monument
Position: Chapel of St John the Evangelist, North transept north aisle
Materials: White marble, alabaster
Date Erected: 1875
Artists: Matthew Noble, George Gilbert Scott

People

Franklin, John
Age: 61
Date of Death: 11/6/1847
Cause of Death: Unknown
Rank / Occupation: Rear Admiral of the Blue
Organisation: Royal Navy
McClintock, Francis Leopold
Age: 88
Date of Death: 1907
Cause of Death: Unknown
Rank / Occupation: Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: See also West window in St Paul's Church, Whitechapel which shows four maritime scenes from life of Christ. Verse written by Tennyson. Commissioned by Lady Jane Franklin, who specifically wanted a bust rather than the window suggested by Dean Stanley. The canopy was added by Sir George Gilbert Scott. Photograph in P & D box 1386. A small tablet underneath the memorial commemorates Admiral F.L. McClintock. The original plaster model for the bust of Franklin was at the Museum of Science and Engineering, Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

Bibliography: F. Bond 'Westminster Abbey' (1909) p. 267. Frances J. Woodward 'A portrait of Jane' (London, 1951) p. 362.