Category Archives: Polar Exploration

Royal Dockyard, Portsmouth, England

Statue at Portsmouth Dockyard commemorating Captain Robert Falcon Scott RN d. 1912

Location

Royal Dockyard, Portsmouth, England

Transcript

'CAPTAIN ROBERT FALCON SCOTT. RN. CVO / BORN 6 JUNE 1868 DIED ABOUT 29 MARCH 1912 / DURING HIS RETURN FROM THE SOUTH POLE / IN HIS JOURNAL FOUND 8 MONTHS LATER HE WROTE / THE GALE IS HOWLING ABOUT US WE ARE WEAK / WRITING IS DIFFICULT BUT FOR MY OWN SAKE / I DO NOT REGRET THIS JOURNEY WHICH HAS SHOWN / THAT ENGLISHMAN CAN ENDURE HARDSHIP / HELP ONE ANOTHER AND MEET DEATH WITH / AS GREAT A FORTITUDE AS EVER IN THE PAST / WE TOOK RISKS WE KNEW WE TOOK THEM / THINGS HAVE COME OUT AGAINST US AND / THEREFORE WE HAVE NO CAUSE FOR COMPLAINT / BUT BOW TO THE WILL OF PROVIDENCE / DETERMINED TO DO OUR BEST TO THE END'

Details

Description: Full-length figure in uniform overcoat and boots, holding his cap, a dog at his feet.
Type: Statue
Materials: Bronze
Artists: Kathleen Scott

People

Scott, Robert Falcon
Age: 43
Date of Death: 3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

St Paul's Church, Dock Street, London, England

Window at St Paul’s Church, Dock Street, London dedicated to the memory of Sir John Franklin d. 1847

Location

St Paul's Church, Dock Street, London, England

Transcript

'IN MEMORY OF / CAPTAIN SIR JOHN FRANKLIN R.N., K.C.H. / ONE OF THE FOUNDERS OF THIS CHURCH / WHO DIED ON BOARD H.M.S. EREBUS / IN LAT 69°. 37 42 N LONG LAT 98° 41 W / ERECTED 1872 DAN. GREATOREX VICAR'[middle] 'HE REBUKETH THE WINDS AND THE WAVES SAYING' [south] 'HE THAT HATH EARS LET HIM HEAR', 'FEAR NOT FROM HENCEFORTH THOU SHALL CATCH MEN'[middle], 'THOU OF LITTLE FAITH WHEREFORE DIDST THOU DOUBT' [north]

Details

Description: Triple lancets with sexfoil window above.
Type: Window
Materials: Stained glass
Date Erected: 1872
Artists: Cox & Sons
Vessel: HMS Erebus

People

Franklin, John
Age: 61
Date of Death: 11/6/1847
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Rear Admiral
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Founded as a seamen's chapel behind their hostel in place of an episcopal floating church. Parochial church from 1864, converted to children's nursery in 2002.

Odd Fellow Rural Cemetery, Salem, Oregon, USA, Rest of the World

Memorial at Odd Fellow Rural Cemetery, Salem, Oregon, USA commemorating Lieutenant Frederick G. Schwatka d. 1892

Location

Odd Fellow Rural Cemetery, Salem, Oregon, USA, Rest of the World

Transcript

'LIEUT. / F.G. SCHWATKA / 3RD U.S. CAV. / DIED / NOV 2 1892 / EXPLORER'

Details

Type: headstone
Materials: Stone

People

Schwatka, Frederick Gustavus
Age:
Date of Death: 2/11/1892
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant US Army
Organisation: United States Army

Extra

Notes: Commander of a Franklin Search Expedition.
Bibliography: Ronald Savitt 'F.G. Schwatka's headstone', 'Polar Record' vol 43, no. 226, 2007

St Mary's Church, Gestingthorpe, Essex, England

Wall tablet St Mary’s Church, Gestingthorpe, Essex, dedicated to Captain Lawrence Edward Grace Oates d. 1912

Location

St Mary's Church, Gestingthorpe, Essex, England

Transcript

'A very gallant Gentleman Lawrence Edward Grace Oates, Captain in the Inniskilling Dragoons. Born March 17 1880. Died March 17 1912, on the Return Journey from the South Pole of the Scott Antarctic Expedition - when all were beset by hardship, he being gravely injured went out into the blizzard to die in the hope that by so doing he might enable his comrades to reach safety-This tablet is placed here in affectionate remembrance by his brother officers, A.D. 1913'

Details

Type: Wall tablet
Materials: Brass

People

Oates, Lawrence Edward Grace
Age:
Date of Death: 17/3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain
Organisation: British Army

Extra

Lady Franklin Bay, Nunavut, Canada, Rest of the World

Memorial at Lady Franklin Bay, Nunavut, Canada commemorating Charles Paul, RN, and J.J. Hand, RN, d. 1876

Location

Lady Franklin Bay, Nunavut, Canada, Rest of the World

Transcript

‘SACRED / TO THE MEMORY / of / C.W. PAUL A.B. / H.M.S. DISCOVERY / who departed this life / JUNE 29th 1876 / Aged 27 years / THY WILL BE DONE', ‘SACRED / TO THE MEMORY / of / J.J. HAND A.B. / who departed this life / JUNE 3RD 1876 / Aged 29 years / MAY HE REST IN PEACE / THE ABOVE MEN BELONGED TO THE NORTH GREENLAND SLEDGING / PARTY AND ARE INTERRED AT HALL'S REST POLARIS BAY'

Details

Type: Head board
Materials: Wood

People

Hand, J. J.
Age: 29
Date of Death: 3/6/1876
Cause of Death: Scurvy
Rank / Occupation: Able Seaman
Organisation: Royal Navy
Paul, Charles
Age: 27
Date of Death: 29/6/1876
Cause of Death: Scurvy
Rank / Occupation: Able Seaman
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: The two men died on Nares' Arctic Expedition 1875-6 and the head board was erected by their comrades.

Bibliography: Adolphus W. Greely 'Three Years of Arctic Service' (London, 1886) vol i, p. 359.

Church of St Peter and St Paul, Blandford Forum, Dorset, England

Brass plate in Church of St Peter and St Paul, Blandford Forum, Dorset, dedicated to George Vince d. 1902

Location

Church of St Peter and St Paul, Blandford Forum, Dorset, England

Transcript

'Erected by his shipmates, schoolfellows and friends to the memory of George Vince AB RN of the exploring ship Discovery a member of the expedition to the Antarctic Regions under Captain Robert F Scott RN born at Blandford Sept 20 1880. Died by a fall over an ice cliff into the sea at Ross Island March 11 1902 the only member of his ship's company who lost his life'

Details

Type: Plate
Materials: Brass
Vessel: Discovery

People

Vince, George
Age:
Date of Death: 11/3/1902
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Able Seaman
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Bibliography: J.D. Spinney 'Some Naval Memorials in Dorset', 'Mariner's Mirror' vol. 73, p. 195 (Greenwich, 1987).

Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin, Republic of Ireland

Memorial plaque in Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin, Republic of Ireland, commemorating Henry Mathias, RN, d. 1849

Location

Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin, Republic of Ireland

Transcript

'IN MEMORY OF HENRY MATHIAS ASSIST: SURGEON OF / H.M.S. "ENTERPRISE", WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE JUNE 15TH 1849. / IN HIS 28TH YEAR, AT PORT LEOPOLD LAT 74 N. / ERECTED BY THE OFFICERS OF THE ARCTIC EXPEDITION COMPOSED OF / H.M. SHIPS 'ENTERPRISE' AND 'INVESTIGATOR' AS A JUST TRIBUTE / TO HIS VARIED TALENTS AND GREAT MORAL WORTH. / 'I am the resurrection and the life, saith the Lord."

Details

Description: Above an inscription tablet on brackets, a white marble relief of two ships beset in ice with icy peaks silhouetted against a grey background behind them. A foul anchor is carved on the pediment above.
Type: Wall memorial
Position: Crypt
Materials: Marble
Vessel: HMS Enterprise

People

Mathias, Henry
Age: 28
Date of Death: 15/6/1849
Cause of Death: Unknown
Rank / Occupation: Surgeon
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Fort Brockhurst, Gosport, Hampshire, England

Memorial in Fort Brockhurst, Gosport, Hampshire commemorating Commander Wyatt Rawson RN d. 1882

Location

Fort Brockhurst, Gosport, Hampshire, England

Transcript

'SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF [Gothic script] / WYATT RAWSON / COMMANDER ROYAL NAVY AND NAVAL A.D.C. TO / GENERAL SIR G. WOLSELEY, G.C.B. / HE FELL WHILE ACTING AS GUIDE / TO THE / SECOND DIVISION AT THE BATTLE OF TEL-EL-KEBIR, EGYPT, / 13 SEPTEMBER, 1882 / AGED 29. / HE SERVED IN THE ASHANTEE WAR, 1873-4, / AND IN THE / ARCTIC EXPEDITION, 1875-6 / THIS TABLET IS ERECTED AS A TOKEN OF AFFECTION AND ESTEEM / BY LORD WOLSELEY AND THE MEMBERS OF THE PERSONAL STAFF'

Details

Position: English Heritage Store
Vessel: HMS Carthage

Event

The Anglo-Egyptian War

Event Date

1882 - 1889

Event Category

19th century conflicts in Africa

People

Rawson, Wyatt
Age:
Date of Death: 13/9/1882
Cause of Death: War casualty
Rank / Occupation: Commander RN
Organisation: Royal Navy

Extra

Notes: Born 27/8/1853. Died on board HMS 'Carthage' in Malta Harbour and buried at Bighi cemetery. DOSSIER. The memorial damaged in January 1941 and removed from its original location in the Garrison Church, Portsmouth. Sighted at Fort Brockhurst January 2004 by Tim Backhouse.
Bibliography: Geoffrey Rawson 'Life of Admiral Sir Harry Rawson' (London, 1914) p. 277; Frederic Boase 'Modern English Biography' (London, 1965).

Observation Hill, McMurdo Station, Antarctica, Rest of the World

Cross at Observation Hill, Antarctica commemorating Captain Robert Falcon Scott and his companions who died on their return journey from the South Pole in 1912

Location

Observation Hill, McMurdo Station, Antarctica, Rest of the World

Transcript

'IN / MEMORIAM / CAPT. R.F. SCOTT, R.N. / DR E.A. WILSON, CAPT. L.E.G. OATES, INS. DRGS., LT. H.R. BOWERS, R.I.M. / PETTY OFFICER E. EVANS, R.N. / WHO DIED ON THEIR / RETURN FROM THE / POLE. MARCH / 1912 / TO STRIVE, TO SEEK, / TO FIND, / AND NOT TO / YIELD'

Details

Type: Cross
Materials: Jarrah wood
Date Erected: 1913

People

Bowers, Henry Robertson
Age:
Date of Death: 3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Lieutenant RIM
Organisation: Royal Indian Marine
Evans, Edward
Age:
Date of Death: 17/2/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Petty Officer RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Oates, Lawrence Edward Grace
Age:
Date of Death: 17/3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain
Organisation: British Army
Scott, Robert Falcon
Age:
Date of Death: 3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation: Captain RN
Organisation: Royal Navy
Wilson, Edward Adrian
Age:
Date of Death: 3/1912
Cause of Death: Unknown/None
Rank / Occupation:
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: Line chosen from Tennyson's 'Ulysses' by Cherry-Garrard. Erected Jan 20 1913.
Bibliography: R.F. Scott, E.A. Wilson, Leonard Huxley 'Scott's Last Expedition, being the journals of Captain R.F. Scott and the reports of the journey and scientific work undertaken by Dr E.A. Wilson and the surviving members of the expedition' (London, 1913) (photo).

Museum, Port Stanley, Falkland Islands, Rest of the World

Memorial in Port Stanley, Falkland Islands commemorating Matthew Brisbane, sealer and polar explorer d. 1833

Location

Museum, Port Stanley, Falkland Islands, Rest of the World

Transcript

'To the memory / of / Mr Matthew Brisbane / who was barbarously / murdered on the / 26th August 1833 / in the command of the / Beaufoy cutter he was / the zealous and able / companion of Captn / James Weddell during / his enterprising voyage / to beyond the 74th Degree of / South Latitude / in February 1823 / His remains were removed to / this spot by the crews of H.B.M. / ships 'Erebus' and 'Terror' on 2nd August 1842.'

Details

Type: Headstone
Materials: Wood
Vessel: Beaufoy

People

Brisbane, Matthew
Age: 46
Date of Death: 26/8/1833
Cause of Death: Murdered
Rank / Occupation: Sealer
Organisation:

Extra

Notes: Replaced from original location by a marble slab in 1933.
Bibliography: A.G.E. Jones 'Polar Portraits: collected papers' (Whitby, 1992), p113